Glaston Twelve Hides

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Glaston Twelve Hides
A map of the hundreds of Glaston XII Hides, Whitsone, and Wells Forum

Area
24,610 acres (9,960 ha)
History
 • Created unknown
Status Hundred
Subdivisions
 • Type Parishes
 • Units Baltonsborough, West Bradley, Glastonbury, Meare, Nyland, West Pennard, and North Wootton

Glaston Twelve Hides is one of the 40 historical Hundreds in the ceremonial county of Somerset, England, dating from before the Norman conquest during the Anglo-Saxon era although exact dates are unknown. Each hundred had a 'fyrd', which acted as the local defence force and a court which was responsible for the maintenance of the frankpledge system.[1] They also formed a unit for the collection of taxes.[2] The role of the hundred court was described in the Dooms (laws) of King Edgar. The name of the hundred was normally that of its meeting-place.[3]

The Hundred of Glaston Twelve Hides is thought to take its name from twelve hides of land belonging to Glastonbury Abbey that were exempt from paying danegeld, although the area of the hundred was much larger than the original twelve hides.[4] It contained the parishes of Baltonsborough, West Bradley, Glastonbury, Meare, Nyland, West Pennard, and North Wootton, comprising approximately 24,610 acres (9,960 ha).[5]

The importance of the hundred courts declined from the seventeenth century. By the 19th century several different single-purpose subdivisions of counties, such as poor law unions, sanitary districts, and highway districts sprang up, filling the administrative role previously played by parishes and hundreds. Although the Hundreds have never been formally abolished, their functions ended with the establishment of county courts in 1867[6] and the introduction of districts by the Local Government Act 1894.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Administrative Units Typology | Status definition: Hundred". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  2. ^ "The Shire and the Hundred". Somerset County Council. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  3. ^ "Summary". Institute of Archaeology. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  4. ^ Warner, Richard (1826). An History of the Abbey of Glaston, and of the Town of Glastonbury. books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  6. ^ County Courts Act 1867 (30 & 31 Vict. c. 142) s.28
  7. ^ "Mapping the Hundreds of England and Wales in GIS". University of Cambridge Department of Geography. 6 June 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2011.