|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (June 2015)|
|Tolkien's legendarium character|
|Aliases||The Deceiver, The Golden,
Worm of Greed, Father of Dragons, The Great Worm
The Book of Lost Tales 2,
The Children of Húrin
Glaurung is a fictional character in J. R. R. Tolkien's fictional Middle-earth legendarium. He is introduced in The Silmarillion as the first of the Dragons. He is also, apart of Morgoth the main antagonist in The Children of Húrin. He was known as The Deceiver, The Golden, The Great Worm and the Worm of Greed.
Glaurung was a very powerful dragon, if not the most magical. According to Tolkien, he sired the rest of his race, or at least the brood of Urulóki, wingless fire-breathing dragons. He was bred by Morgoth from some unknown stock and was the first dragon to appear outside of Angband. In 455 First Age Glaurung led the attack of fire that defeated the Noldorin Elves and their allies and broke the Siege of Angband in the Battle of Sudden Flame, the Dagor Bragollach. In 472 during the Battle of Unnumbered Tears, Nírnaeth Arnoediad, Glaurung led the final reserve and the beasts of Angband in an attack that prevented the joining of the two Elven-hosts, breaking and routing the Host of the sons of Fëanor, resulting in the total defeat of the Union of Maedhros. During this battle Glaurung was stabbed in his vulnerable belly by the Dwarf-king Azaghâl and fled back to Angband.
In 495, Glaurung was given his first independent command and led an Orc-host to victory in the Battle of Tumhalad against the Noldor of Nargothrond led by Túrin Turambar. He followed up his triumph by sacking Nargothrond, enslaving or slaying its people, making a bed of the treasure of the city, and ruling as a Dragon-king. In 498 Túrin led the Men of the forest of Brethil and defeated a force of Orcs sent against them by Glaurung. Glaurung then roused himself and next year came against Túrin and Brethil. In the attempt to cross the ravine of Cabed-en-Aras of the river Taeglin, Glaurung was stabbed from beneath by Túrin wielding Gurthang. Glaurung died soon after, but not before he had managed to drive Nienor to suicide with his last words, lifting the spell of forgetfulness he had cast upon her about her kinship with Turambar.
- Tolkien, J. R. R. (1984), Christopher Tolkien, ed., The Book of Lost Tales 2, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, p. 85, ISBN 0-395-36614-3 In Turambar and the Foalókë a comparison of power is made between dragon and Balrog, "yet of all are they (dragons) the most powerful, save it be the Balrogs only..."
- Tolkien, J. R. R. (1977), Christopher Tolkien, ed., The Silmarillion, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, p. 193, "Glaurung and his brood...", ISBN 0-395-25730-1
- It is possible that he is the dragon that appears in Tolkien's poem "The Hoard" in The Adventures of Tom Bombadil, as it appears to be based on the events at Nargothrond.
- Tolkien, J. R. R. (1986), Christopher Tolkien, ed., The Shaping of Middle-earth, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, p. 129, "...and ruled as a dragon-king...", ISBN 0-395-42501-8,
- Tolkien, J. R. R. (1984), Christopher Tolkien, ed., The Book of Lost Tales 2, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, p. 103, "...setting up kingdoms of terror of their own..."., ISBN 0-395-36614-3
- George Clark; Daniel Timmons (1 January 2000). J.R.R. Tolkien and His Literary Resonances: Views of Middle-Earth. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 33–. ISBN 978-0-313-30845-1. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- Bradford Lee Eden (2010). Middle-earth Minstrel: Essays on Music in Tolkien. McFarland. pp. 110–. ISBN 978-0-7864-5660-4. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- David Day (1991). Tolkien: The Illustrated Encyclopaedia. Touchstone. pp. 251–. ISBN 978-0-684-83979-0. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- Greg Harvey (27 April 2011). The Origins of Tolkien's Middle-earth For Dummies. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 97–. ISBN 978-1-118-06898-4. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- J. E. A. Tyler (1 November 2004). The Complete Tolkien Companion: Totally Revised and Updated. St. Martin's Press. pp. 275–. ISBN 978-0-312-33912-8. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- John Howe (22 October 2008). John Howe Forging Dragons. IMPACT. pp. 120–. ISBN 978-1-60061-139-1. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- John Lennard. Of Modern Dragons, and other Essays on Genre Fiction. Humanities-Ebooks. pp. 93–. GGKEY:WGCFF9UX9C7. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- LLC Books (June 2010). Middle-Earth Dragons: Dragon, Smaug, Glaurung, Ancalagon, Scatha the Worm. General Books LLC. ISBN 978-1-158-42554-9. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- Lynn Forest-Hill (8 January 2008). The mirror crack'd: fear and horror in JRR Tolkien's major works. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84718-634-8. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- Michael D. C. Drout (January 2007). J.r.r. Tolkien Encyclopedia: Scholarship And Critical Assessment. Routledge Chapman & Hall. pp. 129–. ISBN 978-0-415-96942-0. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- Nigel Cawthorne (18 October 2012). A Brief Guide to J. R. R. Tolkien: A Comprehensive Introduction to the Author of the Hobbit and the Lord of the Rings. Constable & Robinson Ltd. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-1-78033-860-6. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
- Robert Foster (2001). The Complete Guide to Middle-Earth: From the Hobbit Through the Lord of the Rings and Beyond. Ballantine Books. pp. 209–. ISBN 978-0-345-44976-4. Retrieved 28 June 2013.