Gammon is the hind leg of pork after it has been cured by dry-salting or brining. It may or may not be smoked. Like bacon, it needs to be cooked before it can be eaten. It may be sold on-the-bone or without bone, or as steaks or slices. It differs from ham in that ham is cured after being cut from the carcass and the curing process for ham may be different.
The words gammon, ham and bacon are sometimes used interchangeably. Particularly in the US, the "fresh ham" may refer to raw, uncured hind leg of pork.
Glazed gammon, or glazed ham in the US, is coated with a flavoured or spiced sugar solution before cooking. This caramelizes during cooking and also gives a distinctive appearance. This may be enhanced by scoring the skin in a diamond pattern beforehand, or by sticking the joint with cloves.
The word "gammon" is related to the French word jambon, meaning "ham", which in turn is derived from Late Latin gamba, meaning "leg".. Since the Brexit referendum in 2016, the term "gammon" has been deployed as a pejorative for older white male Britons, typically over the age of 55, with a ruddy complexion and typically right-leaning political views.
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- Ham and Food Safety, USDA, retrieved 2013-12-28
- "10 Ridiculously Easy Ham Glaze Recipes". Betty Crocker.
- Matt Zarb-Cousin, "Is it racist to call white men 'gammon'?," Huck, 7 February 2018.
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