Gleb Krzhizhanovsky

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Soviet Stamp commemorating Gleb Krzhizhanovsky on the 100th anniversary of his birth, 1972

Gleb Maximilianovich Krzhizhanovsky (Russian: Глеб Максимилиа́нович Кржижано́вский) (January 24, 1872, Samara — March 31, 1959, Moscow) was a Soviet economist and a state figure. Born to a family of Polish descent (Polish surname: Krzyżanowski) he became an Academician of USSR Academy of Sciences (1929) and a Hero of Socialist Labour (1957).

In 1889 Krzhizhanovsky moved to St Petersburg where he attended the Saint Petersburg State Institute of Technology, becoming involved in Marxist circles in 1891.[1] He was a close friend and colleague of Lenin and, in 1895, was one of the co-founders, with Lenin, of the St. Petersburg League of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class.[2] His activities with this group led to his imprisonment in Butyrka prison, where he wrote the Russian text of the Polish revolutionary song Warszawianka.

In 1904-5 he was involved in organising the 3rd Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party.[1]

In 1910 he oversaw the construction of a power station near Moscow and proposed the idea of a hydroelectric plant in Saratov.

In 1920 appointed as a Chief of Russia Electrification Commission, was in the lead of some parts of GOELRO plan, gave a report of this plan on the 8th Congress of Soviets (December 22, 1920).

13 August 1921 - 11 December 1923 - Chief of Gosplan for his first term, succeeded by Alexander Tsuryupa.
18 November 1925 - 10 November 1930 - Chief of Gosplan for his second term.

Krzhizhanovsky was appointed to the editorial board of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, contributing several articles concerning electricity and planning.[1]


  1. ^ a b c "Birthday anniversary of Gleb M. Krzhizhanovsky, founder of the Power Engineering Institute under the Academy of Sciences of the USSR". Presidential Library. 
  2. ^ Tony Cliff (1986) Lenin: Building the Party 1893-1914. London, Bookmarks: 52-59