Gleditsia caspica

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gleditsia caspica
Gleditsia caspica.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Genus: Gleditsia
G. caspica
Binomial name
Gleditsia caspica

Gleditsia caspica, the Caspian locust or Persian honeylocust, is a species of Gleditsia native to western Asia, in the Caucasus region of Azerbaijan and northern Iran, close to the Caspian Sea.[1][2]

It is a medium-sized deciduous tree growing to 12 m tall, with the trunk covered in numerous, 10–20 cm long branched spines. The leaves are pinnate or bipinnate, up to 25 cm long, with 12–20 leaflets; bipinnate leaves have six to eight pinnae. The leaflets are up to 5 cm long and 2 cm broad. The flowers are greenish, produced in racemes up to 10 cm long. The fruit is a pod 20 cm long and 3 cm broad.[2][3]

It is closely related to Gleditsia japonica (syn. G. horrida) from eastern Asia, and is treated as a subspecies of it by some botanists, Gleditsia horrida subsp. caspica (Desf.) J.Paclt.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Gleditsia caspica". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  3. ^ Cirrusimage: Gleditsia caspica
  4. ^ Paclt, J. (1982). Gleditsia caspia, Not a Distinct Species (Leguminosae). Taxon 31 (2): 336-339 Abstract.

5. Nourmohammadi, K., Rahimi, D., Naghdi, R., & Kartoolinejad, D. (2016). Effects of physical and chemical treatments of seed dormancy breaking on seedling quality index (QI) of Caspian locust (Gleditsia caspica Desf.). Austrian Journal of Forest Science, 133(2), 157-171.