Glencoe, South Australia

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Glencoe
South Australia
Glencoe is located in South Australia
Glencoe
Glencoe
Coordinates 37°41′0″S 140°36′0″E / 37.68333°S 140.60000°E / -37.68333; 140.60000Coordinates: 37°41′0″S 140°36′0″E / 37.68333°S 140.60000°E / -37.68333; 140.60000
Population 665 (2011 census)[1]
 • Density 14.78/km2 (38.3/sq mi)
Established 1844
Postcode(s) 5291 [2][3]
Elevation 102 m (335 ft)
Area 45 km2 (17.4 sq mi)
Time zone ACST (UTC+9:30)
 • Summer (DST) ACDT (UTC+10:30)
Location
LGA(s) Wattle Range Council
Region Limestone Coast
County Grey
State electorate(s) MacKillop
Federal Division(s) Barker
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
18.9 °C
66 °F
8.1 °C
47 °F
850 mm
33.5 in
Localities around Glencoe:
Mount McIntyre Koorine Wepar
Tantanoola Glencoe Dismal Swamp
Burrungule Wandilo, Mount Gambier

Glencoe is a small town in South Australia, Australia located approximately 25 km west of Mount Gambier. In its heyday the township was divided into Glencoe and Glencoe West.[4][5]

History[edit]

First established in 1844 by Edward and Robert Leake as a sheep station, the Leake brothers named the settlement after Glen Coe, Scotland where the infamous massacre took place in 1692. Originally from Tasmania, they brought with them the Saxon Merino sheep and in 1863 built the extensive Glencoe Woolshed, which still stands today as it was and now serves as a museum.[6] The historic Glencoe Woolshed and Glencoe Station Stables and Coach House are listed on the South Australian Heritage Register.[7][8]

A branch from the Mount Gambier railway line was built to Glencoe in 1904 to service the cheese factory.[9] This branch closed in the 1950s when the main line was converted from narrow to broad gauge.

Economy[edit]

Surrounding Glencoe are pine tree plantations used in the production of paper pulp and for the supply to sawmills in the area. Sheep and cattle farming is also a strong part of the economy.

Education[edit]

The town has one R-7 primary school and one pre-school, Glencoe Central Primary School and Glencoe & District Kindergarten.

Sport[edit]

The single main sporting complex in Glencoe caters for multiple sporting leagues and activities including Australian Rules Football, cricket, netball and tennis. The facilities include: an oval, shared cricket and football clubrooms, football change rooms, shared tennis and netball clubrooms and change rooms.

The Glencoe Football Club which is a part of the Mid South Eastern Football League has 4 teams; A-Grade, B-Grade, Senior Colts and Junior Colts. Glencoe was also a founding member of the league when it was established in 1936.

Politics[edit]

Glencoe is part of the Wattle Range Council local government area.

Lake Leake[edit]

Lake Leake, an extinct volcanic crater associated with the Newer Volcanics Province, formed when rising red-hot molten rock encountered water in the limestone plain. Massive steam-driven explosions blew rock and lava high into the air. Powdered rock (ash)and rocks fell back to form a low rim around a wide flat crater - a part of which remains today. Lake Leake and the nearby Lake Edward, are unique in the Mount Burr Range. They perch above the regions water table and are filled by rainwater and run-off only. Pollen spores collected from lake sediment indicate that the volcanic activity occurred here much earlier than 20,000 years ago.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Glencoe (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Australia Post - Postcode: Glencoe, SA (25 March 2009)
  3. ^ Australia Post - Postcode: Glencoe West, SA (25 March 2009)
  4. ^ "Glencoe". Gazetteer of Australia online. Geoscience Australia, Australian Government. 
  5. ^ "Glencoe". Place names Online. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 2009-03-25. 
  6. ^ National Trust Of South Australia, Glencoe Woolshed.
  7. ^ "Glencoe Woolshed". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  8. ^ "Former Stables and Coach House Building, Glencoe Station". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "THE WANDILO-GLENCOE RAILWAY.". Adelaide Observer. LXI, (3,282). South Australia. 27 August 1904. p. 4 (The Observer Country Supplement). Retrieved 25 July 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 

External links[edit]