Glenluce Abbey

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Glenluce Abbey
Glenluce Abbey.jpg
Monastery information
Full nameComune Monasterii Beate Maeri de Valle Lucis
Other namesAbbey of Luce
OrderCistercian
Established1192
Disestablished1602
Mother houseDundrennan Abbey
DioceseDiocese of Galloway
Controlled churchesGlenluce
People
Founder(s)Lochlann, Lord of Galloway

Glenluce Abbey,[1] near to Glenluce, Scotland, was a Cistercian monastery called also Abbey of Luce or Vallis Lucis [2] and founded around 1190 by Rolland or Lochlann, Lord of Galloway and Constable of Scotland. Following the Scottish Reformation in 1560, the abbey fell into disuse.

Ballinclach[edit]

On 23 January 1497, James IV erected "Ballinclach in Glenluce" into a burgh of barony in favour of the abbey, although there is no record of the burgh operating.[3]

Glenluce and the Kennedy family[edit]

Pl.2. The abbey ruins in 1789

Gilbert Kennedy, 4th Earl of Cassilis obtained control of Glenluce during the reign of Mary, Queen of Scots. The Earl persuaded one of the monks of the abbey to counterfeit the necessary signatures to a deed conveying the lands of the abbey to him and his heirs. To ensure that the forgery was not discovered he employed a man to murder the monk and then persuaded his uncle, the laird of Bargany to hang his paid assassin on a trumped up charge of theft. The success of these actions encouraged him to obtain the lands of Crossraguel Abbey through the torturing of Allan Stewart, the commendator at his castle of Dunure.[4]

In March 1587 the king's tutor Peter Young tried to find manuscripts of Caesar's Commentary and a Greek "Hegisippus" that the last Abbot of Glenluce had promised to him.[5]

The ruins were consolidated and partly restored in 1898 by the Glasgow architect, Peter MacGregor Chalmers.[6] They are a scheduled ancient monument.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ otherwise Abbey of Luce, Latin: Comune Monasterii Beate Maeri de Valle Lucis [1]
  2. ^ Richard Pococke, Daniel William Kemp, Tours in Scotland: 1747, 1750, 1760, Vol. 1, Scottish History Society, Heritage Books, 2003, p. 12.
  3. ^ Bute, Marquess of, John Patrick Crichton-Stuart; Stevenson, John Horne; Lonsdale, H. W. (1903). "Ballinclach". The arms of the baronial and police burghs of Scotland. Edinburgh: Blackwood. p. 45.
  4. ^ MacGibbon, T. and Ross, D. (1887 - 92). The castellated and domestic architecture of Scotland from the twelfth to the eighteenth centuries, V3, Edinburgh. p. 341.
  5. ^ Robert Vans Agnew, Correspondence of Sir Patrick Vaus of Barnbarroch, vol. 2 (Edinburgh, 1887), p. 383.
  6. ^ http://www.scottisharchitects.org.uk/architect_full.php?id=200244
  7. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Glenluce Abbey (SM90153)". Retrieved 27 February 2019.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°53′21″N 4°49′53″W / 54.88917°N 4.83139°W / 54.88917; -4.83139