Glenville, Alabama

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Glenville, Alabama
Unincorporated community
Glennville Plantation in a 1935 HABS photo
Glennville Plantation in a 1935 HABS photo
Glenville, Alabama is located in Alabama
Glenville, Alabama
Glenville, Alabama
Glenville, Alabama is located in USA
Glenville, Alabama
Glenville, Alabama
Coordinates: 32°07′44″N 85°10′37″W / 32.12889°N 85.17694°W / 32.12889; -85.17694Coordinates: 32°07′44″N 85°10′37″W / 32.12889°N 85.17694°W / 32.12889; -85.17694
Country United States
State Alabama
County Russell
Elevation 463 ft (141 m)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 334
GNIS feature ID 119045[1]
Glennville Historic District
Area 544 acres (220 ha)
NRHP Reference # 79000402[2]
Added to NRHP August 7, 1979

Glenville (also spelled Glennville) is an unincorporated community in Russell County, Alabama, United States which used to be in Barbour County. During the Civil War, Company "H" of the 15th Regiment Alabama Infantry was raised from Barbour and Dale counties and called the "Glenville Guards".[3] The Glennville Historic District, containing the antebellum core of the community, is a historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.[2]

History[edit]

Glennville was the first permanent community in what is today Russell County. It was founded in 1835, after the Muscogee removal, by Methodist preacher James Elizabeth Glenn. The town quickly developed into an economic and cultural center of East Alabama. In addition to the Methodist Church, the community was home to Male and Female Academies and the Weyman School for Girls, all of which were renowned throughout the South for their classical curricula. The town also had a post office, stores, a Masonic Lodge, and an inn. The town incorporated in 1854, seeking to attract a rail line, but the line was opposed by many planters in the community. With railroad bypassing Glennville and diminished power and influence of farmers after the Civil War, the town gradually faded.[4]

Geography[edit]

Glenville is located in the rural southern portion of Russell County along U.S. Route 431, approximately 17 mi (27 km) north of Eufaula and 26 mi (42 km) southwest of Columbus, Georgia.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 900
1880 99
1890 282 184.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

Glenville appeared on the U.S. Census in 1850 when it was located in Barbour County. It did not reappear again until 1880 with a much-diminished population after the borders were redrawn between Barbour and Russell Counties and it was moved into the latter. It last appeared on the 1890 census.

Architecture[edit]

The historic district consists of 32 main structures, 27 outbuildings, and 6 cemeteries. The most prominent are antebellum plantation houses, most of which exhibit Greek Revival style. The Methodist church (built circa 1850) is also Greek Revival, while the Episcopal church (1926) shows Gothic influence. Late 19th- and early 20th-century tenant farmer houses are more modest, and reflect the changing fortunes of the town.[4]

Notable person[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Glenville". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ a b National Park Service (July 9, 2010). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved March 25, 2015. 
  3. ^ Parker, Matt. "15th Alabama Infantry Regiment". Thomas Legion. Retrieved March 26, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Moore, Sally (May 22, 1979). "Glennville Historic District" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination Form. National Park Service. Archived from the original on March 25, 2015. Retrieved March 25, 2015.  See also: "Accompanying photos" (PDF). Archived from the original on March 25, 2015. Retrieved March 25, 2015. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2013.