Glenville, Cleveland

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Wade Park Avenue Bridge
Wade Park Avenue Bridge
Cleveland City Neighborhoods - Glenville.png
CountryUnited States
CountyCuyahoga County
 • Total22,581
 • White3.3%
 • Black93.4%
 • Hispanic (of any race)0.7%
 • Asian and Pacific Islander0.5%
 • Mixed and Other2.8%
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
Area code216
Median income[1]$26,434
Source: 2020 U.S. Census, City Planning Commission of Cleveland

Glenville is a neighborhood on the East Side of Cleveland, Ohio. To the north, it borders the streetcar suburb of Bratenahl, the Cleveland Memorial Shoreway, and the Lake Erie shore, encompassing the Cleveland Lakefront Nature Preserve. To the east, it borders the suburb of East Cleveland, and to the south, it borders the neighborhoods of Hough and University Circle. Glenville borders the Collinwood area to the northeast at East 134th Street, and St. Clair–Superior to the west at Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard and the Cleveland Cultural Gardens in Rockefeller Park.[2]


The Glenville neighborhood was founded in 1870 as an independent village. Until 1904, it also included the now adjacent lakeside village of Bratenahl, Ohio. Bratenahl departed from Glenville during the city of Cleveland's annexation of Glenville in 1904.[3] In its early years, Glenville had been a small village, serving mainly as a resort community to Cleveland's upper-middle class residents. It was also home to the Glenville Race Track (harness racing) and the Cleveland Country Club.[4] Following WWI, developers invested in Glenville with the rapid construction of single and multi-family homes throughout the Cleveland neighborhood, turning the once quiet village into a bustling inner city neighborhood.

From a period beginning shortly after its annexation in 1904 and into the 1950s, Glenville was predominantly a Jewish neighborhood with a small African American population.[4] At its peak, Jews made up over 90% of Glenville's residents.[5] The neighborhood's large Jewish influence during the time of its development was most notable along E.105th street, where dozens of Jewish owned stores, bakeries, kosher butchers, and other businesses lined the street. Several synagogues were built throughout the neighborhood, most of which are used today as African American churches.[6] By the mid 1950s, the neighborhood's Jewish population began to relocate from Glenville to adjacent eastern suburbs.[7] Similarly to surrounding inner city neighborhoods, Glenville rapidly turned into an African-American neighborhood.

In the 1960s, racial integration saw an accompanying civil unrest in the neighborhood, which reached its climax in the 1968 Glenville Shootout. Like much of the violence associated with civil unrest during the Civil Rights Movement in other major US cities as well as in the adjacent Hough neighborhood, racial tensions were a catalyst for an ensuing demographic shift.[4]

Today, Glenville is predominantly African-American. While having been so for over a half century - being one of Cleveland's most visible examples of poverty, crime and urban decay - Glenville has in the early 21st century gained more positive national media attention, particularly in its high school football team, which has rapidly become one of the better known preparatory programs in Ohio as well as the nation.[8][9]


Glenville High School and its feeder schools serve the community at large.


Glenville is bordered on the northwest by Gordon Park (part of the Cleveland Lakefront State Park district)[10] and on the entirety of its immediate western edge by the winding Rockefeller Park. Built on land donated to the city by John D. Rockefeller in 1897, the wooded 276 acres, through which a section of Martin Luther King Boulevard runs, is known for its historic greenhouse and the Cultural Gardens, and is the largest park located completely within the City of Cleveland limits.[11]

Notable people[edit]

Notable residents of Glenville include:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Cleveland Neighborhoods and Wards: Glenville Neighborhood Factsheet (2021)" (PDF). The Center for Community Solutions (Cleveland). Retrieved June 3, 2022.
  2. ^ "Map of Glenville, Implemented by the City of Cleveland in 2012" (PDF). Northern Ohio Data and Information Service (NODIS), Levin College of Urban Affairs (Cleveland State University). Retrieved July 3, 2022.
  3. ^ Bratenahl Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  4. ^ a b c CWRU Encyclopedia of Cleveland History
  5. ^ "Cleveland Jewish History - Glenville". Retrieved 2018-05-08.
  6. ^ "Cleveland Jewish History - Glenville Gordon Cycle & Supply". Retrieved 2018-05-08.
  7. ^ "GLENVILLE". Retrieved 2018-05-08.
  8. ^ Detroit Free Press
  9. ^ "Rivals High - Game of the Week: St. Edward v Glenville". Archived from the original on 2011-10-04. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-11-28. Retrieved 2011-01-14.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2011-07-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ How Benny Friedman made football a quarterback's game | Wisconsin Jewish Chronicle

Further reading[edit]

  • Michney, Todd M. (2017). Surrogate Suburbs: Black Upward Mobility and Neighborhood Change in Cleveland, 1900–1980. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 978-1469631943.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°31′57″N 81°36′56″W / 41.53250°N 81.61556°W / 41.53250; -81.61556