Global Apollo Programme
Inspiration and aims
Launched in June 2015, the project - named for the Apollo Program, which brought together thousands of scientists and engineers to put mankind on the moon - calls for developed nations to commit to spending 0.02% of their GDP, for 10 years, to fund co-ordinated research to solve the challenge. This equates to $150 billion over a decade, roughly the same cost committed to the Apollo Program in 2015 money. Some developed nations, including the UK, already meet the GDP percentage target spend, but many do not and there is little international coordination to maximise the results.
It has been modelled on the more recent International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors, an international research collaborative that is credited with greatly and swiftly improving the quality and economics of semiconductor manufacture.
Key areas of focus
- Renewable energy - in particular that derived from solar and wind sources
- Energy storage
- Smart grids
- hydrogen vehicles
The initiative is spearheaded by the chemist Professor Sir David King, former Government Chief Scientific Adviser to HM Government. Amongst the Apollo group are economists Professor Lord Stern (author of The Stern Review) and Lord O'Donnell (former Cabinet Secretary), businessmen Lord Turner and Lord Browne (former Chief Executive of BP), cosmologist and astrophysicist Professor Lord Rees (former President of the Royal Society) and labour economist Lord Layard.
- Sir David Attenborough (video endorsement)
- Professor Brian Cox, University of Manchester
- Paul Polman, CEO of Unilever
- Ed Davey, Former UK Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change
- Professor Sir Brian Hoskins, Chair of the Grantham Institute
- Mark Kenber, CEO of The Climate Group
- Ben Goldsmith Founder, Menhaden Capital
- Zac Goldsmith, British MP and London mayoral candidate
- Professor Martin Siegert, Co-director of the Grantham Institute
- Professor Joanna Haigh, Co-director, Grantham Institute; vice-president of Royal Meteorological Society
- Peter Bakker, President of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development
- Professor John Shepherd, University of Southampton
Foremost, governments need to fund research and development for low-carbon energy technologies at Apollo-program levels of commitment... The required funding of this ultimate public good is too great a risk with too little a reward for private companies. But it is easily fundable by governments. — Professor Steven Pinker, Harvard University
- The programme was discussed at the Energy Ministers run-up meeting to the 41st G7 summit.
- It featured in the Leader's Declaration of the 41st G7 summit itself.
- Carrington, Damian. "Global Apollo programme seeks to make clean energy cheaper than coal". The Guardian (2 June 2015). Guardian News Media. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- "A Budgetary Analysis of NASA's New Vision for Space Exploration" (PDF). Congressional Budget Office. Congress of the United States. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- Clark, Pilita (2 June 2015). "$150bn needed to save world from climate change, warn scientists". Financial Times. Pearson PLC. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- "Summary - the organisation of the Programme". Global Apollo Programme. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- Rundle, Michael (2 June 2015). "How The 'Apollo Programme' For Energy Might Just Save The Planet". WIRED. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
- Stern, Nicholas (2015). Why Are We Waiting? The Logic, Urgency, and Promise of Tackling Climate Change (1st ed.). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. p. 267. ISBN 978-0-262-02918-6.
- Harrabin, Roger (2 June 2015). "'Moon shot' call on clean energy". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- Coghlan, Andy (2 June 2015). "New Apollo programme wants moonshot budget to boost renewables". NewScientist. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- Letters. "Help the Global Apollo Programme make clean energy cheaper than coal". The Guardian (15 September 2015). Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- Sachs, Jeffrey. "Our generation's moonshot: A clean-energy world by 2050". MarketWatch. Dow Jones & Company. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
- "Parliamentary Business, House of Lords". Hansard. Column 313. 2 June 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- "Push to make renewables cheaper". Yahoo! News. Press Association. 2 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
- Adams, Christopher; Thornhill, John (25 June 2015). "Gates to double investment in renewable energy projects". Financial Times. Pearson PLC. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
- Wilson, Nigel (16 August 2015). "Better late then never for clean energy in Britain". thisismoney.co.uk. DMG Media. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- "Leadersʼ Declaration, G7 Summit, 7–8 June 2015" (PDF). G7 Germany 2015 Schloss Elmau. Group of Seven (G7). Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- Pinker, Steven; Goldstein, Joshua S. "Inconvenient truths for the environmental movement". The Boston Globe (23 November 2015). Retrieved 25 November 2015.