Global Food Security Index

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The Global Food Security Index consists of a set of indices from 113 countries. It measures food security across most of the countries of the world.[1] It was first published in 2012, and is managed and updated annually by The Economist's intelligence unit.


The following parameters are considered for giving ranking to the countries.[2]

  • Nutritional standards
  • Urban absorption capacity
  • Food consumption as a share of household expenditure
  • Food loss
  • Protein quality
  • Agricultural import tariffs
  • Diet diversification
  • Agricultural infrastructure
  • Volatility of agricultural production
  • Proportion of population under global poverty line
  • Gross domestic product per capita (US$ PPP)
  • Presence of food safety net programmes
  • Access to financing for farmers
  • Public expenditure on agricultural R&D
  • Corruption
  • Political stability risk
  • Sufficiency of supply
  • Food safety


  1. ^ Gillam, Carey (July 10, 2012). "U.S., Denmark top ranking of world's most "food-secure" countries". Reuters. Retrieved July 15, 2012.
  2. ^ "Global Food Security Index". Retrieved January 17, 2018.

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