Global Greens

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Global Greens
Global Greens logo.svg
Global Greens logo
Parties of the Global Greens.svg
  •   Member supports or participates in national government
  •   Member is present in the national legislature
  •   Member party is present
  •   Associate member party is present
Formation12 April 2001; 21 years ago (2001-04-12)
TypeInternational non-governmental organization
Legal statusAssociation
PurposeWorld network of green political parties and organizations
HeadquartersRue Wiertz 31, 1050 Brussels, Belgium[1]
Region served
91 parties[2]
Bob Hale and Gloria Polanco
Main organ
Global Greens Congress

The Global Greens (GG) is an international network of political parties and movements which work to implement the Global Greens Charter. It consists of various national Green political parties, partner networks, and other organizations associated with green politics.

Formed in 2001 at the First Global Greens Congress, the network has grown to include 80 full member parties and 18 observers and associate parties as of February 2019.[2] It is governed by a 12-member steering committee called the Global Greens Coordination, and each member party falls under the umbrella of one of four affiliated regional green federations. The day-to-day operations of the Global Greens are managed by the Secretariat, led by Global Greens Convenors Bob Hale and Gloria Polanco since 2020.


The world's first green parties were founded in 1972. These were in the Australian state of Tasmania (the United Tasmania Group) and in New Zealand (the Values Party). Others followed quickly: in 1973, PEOPLE (later the Ecology Party) was set up in the UK, and in other European countries Green and radical parties sprang up in the following years.[3]

Petra Kelly, a German ecofeminist activist, is often cited as one of the first thinkers and leaders of the green politics movement. Her work in founding the German Green Party in West Germany in 1980 was instrumental in bringing prominence to green political parties on both the national and international stages.

The first Planetary Meeting of the Greens was held in Rio de Janeiro on May 30–31, 1992 in conjunction with the Rio Earth Summit being concurrently held in Brazil.[4] It was here that the first ever Global Greens statement was issued, beginning with this preface:

Petra Kelly, a German ecofeminist and green politics thinker who founded the German Green Party in 1980

"Experience teaches us that governments are only moved to take environmental problems seriously when people vote for environmental political parties."[5]

The first Global Greens Congress was held in Canberra, Australia, in 2001. The official Global Greens Charter was issued here, and the Congress delegates set up the framework and organizational structures that would build the Global Greens into an ongoing international network and movement, including the Global Greens Coordination. In 2010, the first Global Greens Secretary was appointed.[3]

Global Greens Charter[edit]

The Global Greens Charter is the guiding document that establishes the principles and "core values" to which member parties and associated organizations should attempt to adhere.[6] It sets out global principles that cross boundaries to bind Greens from around the world together:

  1. Participatory Democracy
  2. Nonviolence
  3. Social Justice
  4. Sustainability
  5. Respect for Diversity
  6. Ecological Wisdom

Priorities outlined in the Charter include reforming the dominant economic model, tackling climate change, ending the hunger crisis, promoting vibrant democracy, working for peace, protecting biodiversity.

The Global Greens Charter has been reviewed and updated twice during Global Greens Congresses since its original publishing in 2001: once in Dakar, Senegal in 2012, and again in Liverpool, UK, in 2017. The updated 2017 version is offered in English, and past versions can be accessed in 11 various languages.[7]

Regional Federations of the Global Greens[edit]

The Global Greens are organized into four regional federations across the world:

Global Greens Coordination[edit]

The Global Greens has a 12-member steering committee called the Global Greens Coordination.[8] The makeup of this committee stems from three elected members from each of the four regional federations, supported by three alternates who can stand in when needed.

Global Greens Congress[edit]

The Global Greens have held four Congresses since 2001 in various locations around the world:

  1. 2001 - Canberra, Australia
  2. 2008 - São Paulo, Brazil
  3. 2012 - Dakar, Senegal
  4. 2017 - Liverpool, UK[9]

The Global Greens strives to achieve regional diversity and representation, encouraging Congress locations to represent the wide geographical spread of the organization's member parties and organizations. The next Global Greens Congress will be held in 2023. It will be hosted by the Green Party Korea in Seoul.[10]


Federation of Young European Greens demonstration in Copenhagen, during the Climate Summit 2009.

The Global Greens have five networks designed to enable global collaboration, communication and community among member parties and organizations:

  • Friends of Global Greens
    • This network is composed of Green parties, parliamentarians and activists who make recurring donations of any amount to the Global Greens.[11]
  • Global Greens LGBT+ Network
    • This network aims to:
      1. "Support LGBT+ groups within Green Parties around the world to work together and support each other;
      2. Support Green Parties looking to set up LGBT+ groups, and;
      3. Promote LGBT+ equality as outlined in the Global Greens Charter."[12]
  • Global Greens Parliamentarians Network
    • This network is composed of Green Members of Parliament from Global Greens member parties and works to fulfil the following objectives:
      1. "To be active, in a coordinated manner, in our parliaments on issues of identified global concern, in order to influence the governments of our countries, and the public whom we represent, to the goals specifically identified by the Global Greens;
      2. To develop a mutually-reinforcing and mutually-supportive network of MPs, as individuals, to help us each to become most effective in our parliamentary action, and realise our potential as movers of positive global change, and;
      3. To achieve positive change for Green goals at the global and regional levels through the strengthening of international institutions, including more parliamentarian representation and decision-making influence in those bodies."[13]
  • Global Greens Women's Network
    • This network supports the participation of Green women worldwide in democratic political processes, by focusing on:
      1. "Capacity building and empowerment: training and developing skills, such as public speaking and leadership;
      2. Governance and participation: confronting inequalities at the organizational level and exchanging best practices to tackle them and promote participation;
      3. Campaigning about major topics relevant to women: such as gender justice and climate change, and;
      4. Carrying out formal functions as part of global Greens governance: e.g. nominating women to the Asia-Pacific Greens Federation (APGF) Council."[14]
  • Global Young Greens
    • This network is a "youth-led organization supporting and uniting the efforts of young people from a green-alternative spectrum around the world. It works towards (1) ecological sustainability, (2) social justice, (3) grassroots democracy and (4) peace."[15]

Global Greens Ambassadors[edit]

The Global Greens Coordination appointed Christine Milne AO as the first Global Greens Ambassador in 2015. Milne was appointed as Global Greens Ambassador in recognition of her considerable expertise in climate change and as an elected member of state and federal parliaments, including as Leader of the Australian Greens.

Member parties[edit]

Member parties in the Americas[edit]

Affiliated members in North, Central and South America form the Federation of the Green Parties of the Americas.

Jill Stein and Ajamu Baraka in August 2016.
Country Name National/Federal Government State/Municipal Government Notes
 Argentina Partido Verde Extraparliamentary opposition In opposition in Tierra del Fuego
 Bolivia Partido Verde de Bolivia
 Brazil Partido Verde In opposition The party is represented in several state legislatures. in coalition 2003–2008
 Canada Green Party of Canada/Parti vert du Canada In opposition House of Commons: (2). Provincial: British Columbia (2 members), New Brunswick (3), Ontario (1), Prince Edward Island (8). Municipal: Vancouver City Council (3). Official Opposition party in PEI.
 Chile Partido Ecologista Verde de Chile in opposition Two seats on regional boards. One seat in the Chamber of Deputies.
 Colombia Alianza Verde In opposition Claudia López Hernández, a green, is mayor of Bogota. The party also has 3 regional governors and several mayors.
 Mexico Partido Ecologista Verde de México Supporting coalition Represented in several regional parliaments The party is criticized for its support of the death penalty, and alleged corruption.[16]
 Peru Partido Verde Peru
 United States Green Party of the United States Extraparliamentary opposition The party has representation on the Portland, Maine and Madison city councils, and several smaller ones. The party was formerly represented in the Arkansas, California, Maryland, New Jersey, and Maine state legislatures, as well as the Minneapolis and Laredo city councils.[17]
 Venezuela Movimiento Ecológico de Venezuela Extraparliamentary opposition

Member parties in Asia and Oceania[edit]

Bob Brown at a climate change rally in Melbourne on 5 July 2008

Affiliated members in Asia, Pacific and Oceania form the Asia Pacific Greens Federation.[18]

Country Name National/Federal Government State/Municipal Government Notes
 Australia Australian Greens In opposition In coalition in A.C.T., represented in most states and territories in coalition in Tasmania 2010–14
 Bangladesh Green Party of Bangladesh Extraparliamentary opposition unknown
 India India Greens Party Extraparliamentary opposition
Uttarakhand Parivartan Party (UKPP) Extraparliamentary opposition
 Iraq Green Party of Iraq Extraparliamentary opposition
 Japan Greens Japan Extraparliamentary opposition Kazumi Inamura, a green, is mayor of Amagasaki
 South Korea Green Party of Korea Extraparliamentary opposition unknown
 Lebanon Green Party of Lebanon Extraparliamentary opposition
 Mongolia Mongolian Green Party Extraparliamentary opposition
   Nepal Hariyali Nepal Party Extraparliamentary opposition Extraparliamentary opposition
 New Zealand Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand Cooperation agreement, with two ministers outside of cabinet Dunedin Mayor Aaron Hawkins is a member of the Green party. The party endorsed the current mayor of Auckland Phil Goff and is represented on Auckland and Wellington city councils.
 Pakistan Green Party of Pakistan unknown unknown
 Republic of China (Taiwan) Green Party Taiwan Extraparliamentary opposition Represented in Hsinchu County[19]
Trees Party Extraparliamentary opposition

Member parties in Africa[edit]

Frank Habineza, Leader of the African Greens Federation since 2008.

Affiliated parties in Africa form the Federation of Green Parties of Africa.

Country Name National/Federal Government State/Municipal Government Notes
 Angola Partido Nacional Ecológico de Angola unknown unknown
 Benin Les Verts du Benin Extraparliamentary Opposition
 Burkina Faso Parti Ecologiste pour le Développement du Burkina unknown
Rally of the Ecologists of Burkina
 Burundi Burundi Green Movement
 Central African Republic Mouvement des Verts de Centrafique
 Chad Union des Ecologistes Tchadiens - LES VERTS
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Rassemblement des écologistes congolais Extraparliamentary Opposition Represented in parliament 2006–11
 Egypt Egyptian Greens unknown
 Gabon Parti Vert Gabonais/Gabon Green Party
 Ghana Ghana Green Movement
 Guinea Parti des Ecologistes Guineens
 Ivory Coast Parti Ecologique Ivoirien
 Kenya Mazingira Green Party Extraparliamentary opposition
 Madagascar Madagascar Green Party unknown
 Mali Parti Ecologiste du Mali
 Mauritius Les Verts Fraternels Extraparliamentary opposition In coalition 2005–10.
 Morocco Les Verts unknown
 Mozambique Ecological Party of Mozambique Extraparliamentary opposition Extraparliamentary opposition
 Niger Rassemblement pour un Sahel Vert unknown unknown
 Nigeria Green Party of Nigeria
 Rwanda Democratic Green Party of Rwanda In opposition
 Senegal Les Verts Extraparliamentary opposition Represented in parliament between 2007 and 2012
 Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Green Party unknown
 Somalia Democratic Green Party of Somalia
 South Africa South African Green Alliance
 Togo Afrique Togo Ecologie
 Tunisia Tunisie Verte Extraparliamentary opposition
 Uganda Ecological Party of Uganda unknown
 Zambia National Revolution Green Party Zambia

Member parties in Europe[edit]

Affiliated members in Europe form the European Green Party.

Femke Halsema, 2010; mayor of Amsterdam since 2018
Country Name National/Federal Government State/Municipal Government European Parliament Notes
 Albania Green Party of Albania In opposition in opposition 34 local councillors, 8 in urban municipalities and 26 in rural municipalities[20] Not an EU member
 Andorra Partit Verds d'Andorra In opposition The party hasn't participated in recent local elections Not an EU member
 Austria Die Grünen Junior party in coalition in coalition in Upper Austria, Carinthia, Tyrol, Salzburg, Vorarlberg and Vienna In opposition
 Belgium Ecolo Junior party in coalition Senior party in coalition in Wallonia and Brussels-Capital Region In opposition Form one Parliamentary group in the Federal Parliament
Groen Junior party in coalition In opposition in Flanders In opposition
 Bulgaria Zelena Partija Extraparliamentary opposition unknown Extraparliamentary opposition
 Cyprus Cyprus Green Party In opposition Extraparliamentary opposition
 Czech Republic Strana zelených Extraparliamentary opposition Extraparliamentary opposition In coalition 2006–10
 Estonia Estonian Greens Extraparliamentary opposition 2 local government seats out of the nationwide 1717, both in Antsla. Extraparliamentary opposition
 Finland Vihreät/De Gröna Junior party in coalition Represented in several municipalities. It has the second largest group of councillors in Helsinki In opposition In coalition 1995–2003, 2007–2014
 France Europe Écologie–Les Verts In opposition Senior coalition partner in Grenoble, Lyon, Bordeaux, Strasbourg, Marseille and Besançon. Also in coalition in Occitanie, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Centre-Val de Loire and Paris, Nantes, Rennes. In opposition In coalition 1997–2002, 2012–14, represented in parliament 1997-2017
 Georgia Sakartvelo's Mtsvaneta Partia/Green Party of Georgia unknown unknown Not an EU member
 Germany Bündnis '90/Die Grünen Junior party in coalition Senior coalition partner in the Landtag of Baden-Württemberg, also junior coalition party in 10 of 16 states. Senior coalition partner in the cities of Stuttgart, Darmstadt, Freiburg im Breisgau and Heidelberg in opposition in coalition 1998–2005
 Greece Ecologoi Prasinoi/Ecologist Greens In opposition Represented in 4/13 Regional Councils Extraparliamentary opposition
 Hungary Lehet Más a Politika In opposition 54 seats in local city councils In opposition
 United Kingdom (NI)
Green Party/Comhaontas Glas Junior party in coalition 2 MLA, 49 councillors in ROI local government, 8 in NI local government 2 MEPs In coalition in ROI 2007–2011, 2020–present
 Italy Federazione dei Verdi In opposition Partial The party has one regional councilor in Campania participating in the coalition Extraparliamentary opposition In coalition 1996–2001
Verdi–Grüne–Vërc Extraparliamentary opposition The party has 3 members in the Landtag of South Tyrol. Extraparliamentary opposition Part of the Federazione dei Verdi before 2013
 Latvia Latvijas Zaļā partija In opposition Represented in several city councils, most notably in rural areas. Extraparliamentary opposition Part of the Union of Greens and Farmers since 2002; Prime minister (2004, 2016–2019), in coalition 2002–11 and 2014–2019
 Luxembourg Déi Gréng Junior party in coalition Christiane Brassel-Rausch, a green, is mayor of Differdange In opposition
 Malta AD+PD Extraparliamentary opposition Extraparliamentary opposition
 Moldova Partidul Ecologist "Alianța Verde" din Moldova unknown unknown Not an EU member
 Netherlands De Groenen Extraparliamentary opposition 1/26 seats in Water board Amstel, Gooi en Vecht Extraparliamentary opposition
 Netherlands GroenLinks In opposition Senior coalition partner in North Holland, Groningen and Utrecht; junior partner in five more provinces. It is represented in most municipalities, it has the largest group of councillors in Nijmegen, Utrecht, Groningen and Amsterdam and is the senior government party there. Femke Halsema is Mayor of Amsterdam. in opposition
 North Macedonia Demokratska Obnova na Makedonija Junior party in coalition unknown Not an EU member
 Norway Miljøpartiet De Grønne In opposition In coalition in Oslo and Trondheim, represented in other big cities in opposition
 Poland Partia Zieloni In opposition Represented in the regional parliaments of Silesia and West Pomerania, and the city councils of Warsaw and Opole Extraparliamentary opposition
 Portugal Partido Ecologista Os Verdes Extraparliamentary opposition in coalition in some municipalities (with Portuguese Communist Party) Extraparliamentary opposition
 Romania Green Party of Romania Extraparliamentary opposition unknown Extraparliamentary opposition
 Russia Zelenaya Alternativa (GROZA) unknown Not an EU member
 Scotland Scottish Green Party Cooperation agreement, with two ministers outside of cabinet The party has 7 councillors in Glasgow and 8 in Edinburgh. Not an EU member
 Slovakia Strana Zelených Extraparliamentary opposition unknown Extraparliamentary opposition Represented in parliament between 1990 and 2002
 Slovenia Stranka mladih Slovenije/Youth Party of Slovenia Extraparliamentary opposition Extraparliamentary opposition
 Spain Equo 1 deputy elected under the banner of Más País In coalition in Valencia and Barcelona In opposition
 Sweden Miljöpartiet de Gröna Confidence and supply Represented in several municipalities, especially in urban areas. In opposition
  Switzerland Green Party of Switzerland In opposition Junior party in coalition cabinet in 7 cantons. Also in coalition in Bern, Geneva, Zurich, or Basel-City. Not an EU member
 Ukraine Partija Zelenych Ukrajiny/Party of Greens of Ukraine Extraparliamentary opposition unknown
 United Kingdom (EnglandWalesEngland and Wales) Green Party of England and Wales The party is represented in parliament by one MP and two life peers The party is in coalition in Stroud and York, and has large groups of councillors in Solihull, Bristol and Brighton and Hove. It also has 2 London AMs Not an EU member The party dominated the Brighton and Hove City Council between 2011 and 2015.

Observers and associate member parties[edit]

Country Name Government Notes
 Australia Australian Greens Extraparliamentary Opposition
 Belarus Belarusian Party "The Greens"
 Bulgaria Zelenite/The Greens
 Costa Rica Cartago Green Party Represented at the local level
 Denmark Socialistisk Folkeparti Parliamentary support In coalition 2011–14
 Dominican Republic Partido Verde Dominicano Extraparliamentary Opposition
 French Guiana Les Verts de Guyane
 Guatemala Partido Los Verdes de Guatemala unknown
 Indonesia Atjeh Greens Extraparliamentary Opposition
Indonesian Green Party
Sarekat Hijau
   Nepal Hariyali Nepal Party
 Nicaragua Verdes en Alianza unknown
 Philippines Philippines Greens
 Russia Green Russia Extraparliamentary Opposition
 Serbia Zeleni Srbije/Greens of Serbia Junior party in coalition
 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Green Alliance Extraparliamentary Opposition

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Global Greens Secretariat established in Brussels, Europe". 25 March 2013. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-20. Retrieved 2014-10-15.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b "WHO WE ARE". Global Greens. 2011-04-20. Archived from the original on 2019-07-07. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  4. ^ "Global Green Party History Chronology - 1992". Global Greens. 2008-08-02. Archived from the original on 2019-07-14. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  5. ^ "Final Statement of the First Planetary Meeting of Greens in Rio de Janeiro, 31 May 1992". Global Greens. 1992-05-31. Archived from the original on 2019-04-29. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  6. ^ "Global Greens Charter". 15 December 2007. Archived from the original on 14 May 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  7. ^ "Global Greens Charter". Global Greens. 2007-12-15. Archived from the original on 2019-10-23. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  8. ^ "Global Greens Coordination". Global Greens. 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  9. ^ "Previous congresses". Global Greens. 2016-10-10. Archived from the original on 2019-02-13. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  10. ^ "Korea 2022". Global Greens. Retrieved 2021-05-31.
  11. ^ "Friends of the Global Greens (FRoGG)". Global Greens. 2014-02-06. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  12. ^ "Global Greens LGBT+ Network". Global Greens LGBT+ Network. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  13. ^ "Parliamentarians Association (GGPA)". Global Greens. 2016-01-29. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  14. ^ "Women's Network (GGWN)". Global Greens. 2016-01-29. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  15. ^ "Global Young Greens (GYG)". Global Greens. 2016-01-29. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
  16. ^ Tim Johnson, For Mexico's Ecologist Green Party, 'green' mostly means money, not environment, McClatchy Newspapers (June 18, 2012).
  17. ^ "Greens in Office". GPUS Elections Database. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  18. ^ "Members of APGF". Asia Pacific Greens. 2013-09-12. Retrieved 2020-09-25.
  19. ^ "18年來首次!綠黨攻下兩席市議員 – 政治 – 自由時報電子報". 30 November 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-14. Retrieved 2012-11-04.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]