Global Innovation Index
The Global Innovation Index (GII) is an annual publication which features, among others, a composite indicator that ranks countries/economies in terms of their enabling environment to innovation and their innovation outputs. The GII surveys 143 economies around the world, using 81 indicators–to gauge both their innovation capabilities and measurable results. Recognizing the key role of innovation as a driver of economic growth and prosperity, and the need for a broad horizontal vision of innovation applicable to developed and emerging economies, the GII includes indicators that go beyond the traditional measures of innovation such as the level of research and development. GII is co-published by WIPO, Cornell University and INSEAD
The Global Innovation Index 2015
The following is a list of the top 30 countries ranked in the 2015 Global Innovation Index.
The Global Innovation Index 2014
An Advisory Board was set up in 2011. In 2014, it included fourteen experts from international organizations, academic institutions and public offices: Khalid S. Al-Sultan, Rector of King Fahad University for Petroleum & Minerals of Saudi Arabia; Daniele Archibugi, Technology Director at the Italian National Research Council (CNR) and Professor of Innovation at the University of London; Robert D. Atkinson, President of The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF) of the United States of America; Robert Bell, Program Director at the National Science Foundation (NSF) of the United States of America; Irina Bokova, Director General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); Dongmin Chen, Professor/Dean of the School of Innovation and Entrepreneurship and Director of the Office of Business Development for Science and Technology of Peking University, China; Leonid Gokhberg, Vice-rector of the Higher School of Economics of Russia and Director of the Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge; Rolf-Dieter Heuer, Director General of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN); Dr. R.A. Mashelkar, CSIR Bhatnagar Fellow & President, Global Research Alliance, National Chemical Laboratory; Diego Molano Vega, Minister of Information Technologies and Communications of Colombia; Sibusiso Sibisi, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa; Lynn St Amour, President and CEO of the Internet Society; Robert Steele, Secretary-General (CEO) of the International Organization for Standardization; and Hamadoun Touré, Secretary-General of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
Statistical audit by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission
Chapter 1 of the publication presents the underlying conceptual framework of the publication and the ranking results, with special attention to the income group and regional classifications.
- The Global Innovation Index is the simple average of the Input and Output Sub-Indices.
- The Innovation Efficiency Ratio is the ratio of the Output Sub-Index over the Input Sub-Index.
- The Innovation Input Sub-Index is the simple average of the first five pillar scores.
- The Innovation Output Sub-Index is the simple average of the last two pillar scores.
- Human capital and research,
- Market sophistication,
- Business sophistication,
- Knowledge and technology outputs, and
- Creative outputs.
Each pillar is divided into three sub-pillars, each sub-pillar includes 3 to 6 indicators, for a total of 84 (60 hard data, 19 indices and 5 survey metrics). Detailed data tables can be found here (how to read).
- Colored cells correspond to quintiles: 1st green (up to 25), 2nd blue (26 to 50), 3rd yellow (51 to 80), 4th orange (81 to 110), and 5th red (111 to 142).
- Economies are grouped on the basis of the United Nations Classification for regions: EUR = Europe; NAC = Northern America; LCN = Latin America and the Caribbean; CSA = Central and Southern Asia; SEAO = South East Asia and Oceania; NAWA = Northern Africa and Western Asia; SSF = Sub-Saharan Africa
- World Bank income group classification: HI High-income; UM Upper-middle income; LM Lower-middle Income; and LI Low-income countries/economies.
- "The Global Innovation Index 2014".
- Saisana, Michaela and Dionisis Th. Philippas (2013). Joint Research Centre Statistical Audit of the 2013 Global Innovation Index, Annex 3 to Chapter 1, The Global Innovation Index 2013 (PDF). Ispra, Italy: INSEAD, Cornell University, WIPO. pp. 55–67. ISBN 978-2-9522210-2-3.
-  The Global Innovation Index website