Global Justice or Global Revenge?
Global Justice or Global Revenge? International Criminal Justice at the Crossroads (2003) is a book by Austrian philosopher Hans Köchler, who was appointed by the United Nations as observer of the Lockerbie bombing trial in the Netherlands (2000-2002). Turkish and Indian editions of the book were published in 2005, an Arabic edition was published in 2011.
The book deals with the evolving concept of universal jurisdiction, the doctrine of humanitarian intervention, legal questions of international terrorism, and whether international criminal justice can at all be practiced in the absence of a global balance of power. The book analyzes the various international criminal courts since Nuremberg and provides a critical assessment of the prospects of the International Criminal Court. It challenges the assumption of established legal theory in which the normative framework of criminal justice can be abstracted from actual power relations and offers elements of a new doctrine on the "dialectical relationship" between power and law.
The gradual assertion of the International Criminal Court's authority will be the test case for the separation of powers, which is the indispensable requirement of the rule of law, whether at the national or international level. Only a fully independent international court will guarantee that a system of global justice, associated with universal jurisdiction, will not turn into a system of global revenge where political interests, not the principles of impartiality and fairness, determine the practice of international criminal law.
I. The Developing Idea and Practice of International Criminal Justice in the Context of State Sovereignty and Individual Responsibility
- 1. Preliminary remarks
- 2. The rationale of universal jurisdiction
- 3. The dilemma of international criminal justice in the framework of state-centered international law: The question of enforcement
- 4. Efforts towards international criminal justice since the 19th century
- 5. The primary avenues of international criminal justice: A critical appraisal
- 6. Problems of the application of universal jurisdiction by the ICC under the conditions of a unipolar world order
II. Humanitarian Intervention in the Context of Modern Power Politics
- 1. The concept of humanitarian intervention and its historical background
- 2. The development of international law and the prohibition of the use of force in the 20th century
- 3. The revival of interventionism in the new imperial order of the 21st century
- 4. The doctrine of humanitarian intervention and the de facto reintroduction of the jus ad bellum
- 5. The renaissance of power politics in humanitarian clothes – The end of international law?
III. The United Nations, the International Rule of Law and Terrorism
- 1. The United Nations Organization in the global power constellation
- 2. Obstacles to the enforcement of the international rule of law in a unipolar power structure
- 3. The dilemma faced by the United Nations in the fight against terrorism
- 4. The history of United Nations codification efforts and measures against terrorism
- 5. The way out of the dilemma: Comprehensive definition of terrorism by means of integration into existing instruments of international humanitarian law and international criminal law
- 6. The conditions for a consistent anti-terrorist policy of the United Nations
- 1. Memorandum on the indictments by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (1999)
- 2. International criminal justice and power politics: The Lockerbie case (UN observer reports)
- 3. The Baku Declaration on Global Dialogue and Peaceful Co-Existence Among Nations and the Threats Posed by International Terrorism (2001)
Publishers' web sites
- Frontline. India's National Magazine
- Cumhuriyet, Turkey (Turkish)
- The Hindu
- A vade mecum in international criminal justice (published by the International Progress Organization, of which the author of this book is president)
- Hans Köchler, Law and Politics in the Global Order: Problems and Pitfalls of Universal Jurisdiction. Lecture, New Delhi, December 2005
- Hans Köchler, "Universal Jurisdiction and International Power Politics: Ideal versus Real", in: Yeditepe'de Felsefe / Philosophy at Yeditepe, Vol. 1, No. 5 (August 2006), pp. 1–16.
- Hans Köchler, Can the Exercise of Universal Jurisdiction be Regionalized? (2006)