Global Network Initiative

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Global Network Initiative
TypeNon-governmental organization
PurposePreventing Internet censorship by authoritarian governments and protecting the Internet privacy rights of individuals
HeadquartersWashington, D.C., United States
Key people
  • David Kaye (academic) (Independent Chair), Agustina Del Campo (Co-Chair)
  • Jason Pielemeier, Executive Director
  • Elonnai Hickok, Managing Director
Revenue (2020)
In 2020 GNI had a total revenue of USD 1,645,249 according to the 990 form [1]

The Global Network Initiative (GNI) is a non-governmental organization with the dual goals of preventing Internet censorship by authoritarian governments and protecting the Internet privacy rights of individuals. It is sponsored by a coalition of multinational corporations, global non-profit organizations, and academic institutions. David Kaye (academic) is the Independent Chair of the Board. Mark Stephens (solicitor) was the previous Independent Chair.


On October 29, 2008, the Global Network Initiative (GNI) was founded upon its "Principles of Freedom of Expression and Privacy".[This quote needs a citation] The Initiative was launched in the 60th anniversary year of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), and is based on internationally recognized laws and standards for human rights on freedom of expression and privacy set out in the UDHR, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).[2]

GNI Principles[edit]

Global Network Initiative has developed the "Global Principles on Freedom of Expression and Privacy".

These Principles have been developed by companies, investors, civil society organizations and academics with the aim to protect and advance freedom of expression and privacy in the Information and Communications Technology industry globally. These are:

  • Privacy
  • Responsible Company Decision Making
  • Multi-Stakeholder Collaboration
  • Governance, Accountability, and Transparency


Global Network Initiative focuses on a wide range of issues. Including, network disruption, Intermediary Liability, Surveillance, Jurisdictional Assertions, and Limits.


As a human rights organization, GNI seeks to safeguard freedom of expression and personal privacy against government restrictions. The protections are facilitated by a coalition of companies, investors, civil society organizations, academics, and other stakeholders.

GNI esteems freedom of expression and privacy each as a "human right and guarantor of human dignity".[3] Participants are expected to respect and protect information available to users and users' ability to freely create and distribute information, provided that they operate outside narrowly defined circumstances necessary to adhere to international laws and standards set by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).

Participants are also expected to protect users' personal information from illegal or arbitrary interference when confronted with government demands, laws, or regulations that compromise a user's privacy. The same principle of adherence of international laws and standards applies.

Collaboration among stakeholders is key to the goals of the Global Network Initiative. The GNI's outline of principles encourages participants to explore ways to engage governments to advance their cause, individually or collectively.[4]

GNI recognizes that the actions of their corporate participants alone cannot guarantee the protection of human rights. One fundamental commitment is to promote the adoption of laws, policies, and practices that protect freedom of expression and privacy. GNI considers governments to be ultimately responsible for the fulfillment of their citizens' human rights, specifically pursuant to freedom of expression and privacy.[5]

Participants and Board of Directors[edit]


The Global Network Initiative requires participating companies to integrate their principles deeply into their decision-making and culture.[7] GNI's founding companies include Google, Yahoo (now Oath Inc.), and Microsoft. Facebook joined GNI in 2013.[8] In 2017, seven telecommunications operator and vendor companies joined GNI.[9]

The Board consists of:

ICT Companies:

Civil Society Organizations:

Academics and Academic Organizations:


GNI is funded by member contributions and through additional support from other sources, including private foundations and governments. GNI is currently implementing projects supported by:

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "Global Network Initiative, FAQ". Archived from the original on March 9, 2009. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  3. ^ "Global Network Initiative - Principles". Archived from the original on 10 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  4. ^ "Principles: Multi-stakeholder collaboration". Archived from the original on 10 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  5. ^ "FAQ: How will the Global Network Initiative accomplish its goals?". Archived from the original on 9 March 2009. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  6. ^ "Global Network Initiative - Board of Directors". Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  7. ^ "Principles: Responsible Company Decision Making". Archived from the original on 10 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  8. ^ "Facebook Joins the Global Network Initiative". Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  9. ^ "Global Network Initiative Adds Seven Companies in Milestone Expansion of Freedom of Expression and Privacy Initiative". 27 March 2017. Retrieved 22 August 2017.

External links[edit]