Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health
The Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health was a program of the United Nations (UN) directed at improving women's and children's health in the developing world.
The program was announced by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in September 2010. At the time of the announcement, the program was valued at $US40 billion over a five-year period, funded by state and private donors, with the UN hoping for more pledges to follow. The objective of the program was to save the lives of 16 million people during the period of the program. As the Millennium Development Goals 4, 5 and 6 were showing the slowest rate of progression, this program was also instituted to gain momentum in achieving them. The implementation of the program was led by the World Health Organization, reporting to the UN.
The aid-based program was accompanied by pledges from some developing nations (including Tanzania and Rwanda) to increase their own domestic spending on health care. According to the UN, around $8.6 million of the program's funding came from what it described as "low-income countries".
The Global Strategy managed to improve the coordination of global efforts towards the improvement of women’s and children’s health as well as enhancing strategies to tackle this. It gave rise to the “Every Woman Every Child” movement, which assisted in the mobilisation of stakeholders. Despite not reaching targets, reductions in both child and maternal mortality were noted; of 49% and 45% respectively from 1990 to 2013. 2.4 million maternal and child deaths were prevented. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, oral rehydration therapy and exclusive breastfeeding coverage showed the most significant improvement, however, progress in vaccination and pneumonia was still lagging.
The Global Health Strategy for Women, Children and Adolescents 2016-2030 was launched in September 2015, building on experience gained from 2010-2015, with the inclusion of adolescents as an additional target group. It is aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and has 3 main objectives; namely for women, adolescents and children to "survive", "thrive" and "transform". It is an evidence-based, multi-sectoral approach and emphasises the need to address equity, with interventions applied across the life-course.
- Muskoka Initiative
- Maternal health
- Global health
- Millennium Development Goals
- Child health and nutrition in Africa
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- Kuruvilla, Shyama; Bustreo, Flavia; Kuo, Taona; Mishra, CK; Taylor, Katie; Fogstad, Helga; Gupta, Geeta Rao; Gilmore, Kate; Temmerman, Marleen (2016-05-01). "TheGlobal strategy for women's, children's and adolescents' health (2016–2030): a roadmap based on evidence and country experience". Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 94 (5): 398–400. doi:10.2471/blt.16.170431. ISSN 0042-9686. PMC 4850541. PMID 27147772.
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- "Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Health (2016 -2030): 2018 Monitoring Report". World Health Organization. Retrieved 2018-11-02.