Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health was a program of the United Nations (UN) directed at improving women's and children's health in the developing world.

The program was announced by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in September 2010. At the time of the announcement, the program was valued at $US40 billion over a five-year period, funded by state and private donors,[1] with the UN hoping for more pledges to follow.[2] The objective of the program was to save the lives of 16 million people during the period of the program.[3] As the Millennium Development Goals 4, 5 and 6 were showing the slowest rate of progression, this program was also instituted to gain momentum in achieving them.[4] The implementation of the program was led by the World Health Organization, reporting to the UN.[1]

The aid-based program was accompanied by pledges from some developing nations (including Tanzania and Rwanda) to increase their own domestic spending on health care.[5] According to the UN, around $8.6 million of the program's funding came from what it described as "low-income countries".[2]

International aid group Oxfam expressed doubts about the program, including the extent to which its funding was genuinely new.[1]

Progress: 2010-2015[edit]

The Global Strategy managed to improve the coordination of global efforts towards the improvement of women’s and children’s health as well as enhancing strategies to tackle this. It gave rise to the “Every Woman Every Child” movement, which assisted in the mobilisation of stakeholders.[4] Despite not reaching targets, reductions in both child and maternal mortality were noted; of 49% and 45% respectively from 1990 to 2013.[6] 2.4 million maternal and child deaths were prevented.[4]  Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, oral rehydration therapy and exclusive breastfeeding coverage showed the most significant improvement, however, progress in vaccination and pneumonia was still lagging.[4]

The United Nations also reported increased collaboration with the private sector, with an increase in donor funding of US$19.8 billion noted from September 2010 to May 2014.[4]

Post-2015[edit]

The Global Health Strategy for Women, Children and Adolescents 2016-2030 was launched in September 2015, building on experience gained from 2010-2015, with the inclusion of adolescents as an additional target group.[6] It is aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and has 3 main objectives; namely for women, adolescents and children to "survive", "thrive" and "transform".[7] It is an evidence-based, multi-sectoral approach and emphasises the need to address equity, with interventions applied across the life-course.[8]

Although high returns on investment are projected,[8] a monitoring report done in May 2018 shows that expected targets may not be achieved in time.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Snow, Anita (22 September 2010). "UN promotes health campaign for women, children". Associated Press. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
  2. ^ a b Worsnip, Patrick (22 September 2010). "U.N. chief to launch women, children health drive". Reuters. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
  3. ^ "UN launches $40bn woman and child health plan". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. 22 September 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Saving Lives Protecting Futures: Progress Report on the Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health 2010-2015" (PDF). Resource Centre. Retrieved 2018-11-01.
  5. ^ Boseley, Sarah; Curtis, Polly (22 September 2010). "Millennium development goals: governments pledge £25.5bn to eradicate world poverty". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
  6. ^ a b Temmerman, Marleen; Khosla, Rajat; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Bustreo, Flavia (2015-09-14). "Towards a new Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Health". BMJ. 351: h4414. doi:10.1136/bmj.h4414. ISSN 1756-1833. PMID 26371228.
  7. ^ Kuruvilla, Shyama; Bustreo, Flavia; Kuo, Taona; Mishra, CK; Taylor, Katie; Fogstad, Helga; Gupta, Geeta Rao; Gilmore, Kate; Temmerman, Marleen (2016-05-01). "TheGlobal strategy for women's, children's and adolescents' health (2016–2030): a roadmap based on evidence and country experience". Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 94 (5): 398–400. doi:10.2471/blt.16.170431. ISSN 0042-9686. PMC 4850541. PMID 27147772.
  8. ^ a b "The Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Health (2016-2030)" (PDF). World Health Organization. Retrieved 2018-11-01.
  9. ^ "Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Health (2016 -2030): 2018 Monitoring Report". World Health Organization. Retrieved 2018-11-02.