Global Vipassana Pagoda

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Coordinates: 19°13′41″N 72°48′21.79″E / 19.22806°N 72.8060528°E / 19.22806; 72.8060528

Global Vipassana Pagoda
Global Vipassana Pagoda in 2012
General information
TypeMeditation Dome Hall
Architectural styleBurmese
LocationGorai Village, Borivali West, Mumbai
Construction started2000
Opened8 February 2009
Technical details
Structural systemStone dome, with self-supporting interlocking stones
Design and construction
  • Archirect. Pervez Dumasia
  • Consulting Engineer: N.R.Varma, Sompura
  • Consultant: Chandubhai Sompura
Structural engineerNandadeep Building Center (NPPCPL) Aurangabad M.S.

The Global Vipassana Pagoda is a Meditation dome hall with a capacity to seat around 8,000 Vipassana meditators (the largest such meditation hall in the world) near Gorai, north-west of Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. The pagoda was inaugurated by Pratibha Patil, then President of India, on 8 February 2009.[1] It is built on donated land on a peninsula between Gorai creek and the Arabian Sea. The pagoda is to serve as a monument of peace and harmony. The Global Vipassana Pagoda has been built out of gratitude to Sayagyi U Ba Khin (1899 - 1971), Vipassana teacher and the first Accountant-General of Independent Burma, who was instrumental in Vipassana returning to India, the country of its origin.[2][3]

Built entirely through voluntary donations, the purpose of the Global Vipassana Pagoda is to: 1) share information about Vipassana, and 2) spread information on Gotama the Buddha and his teachings. Vipassanā is the practical quintessence of the universal, non-sectarian teachings of the Buddha.[4]

Its traditional Burmese design is an expression of gratitude towards the country of Myanmar for preserving the practice of Vipassana. The shape of the pagoda is a copy of the Shwedagon Pagoda (Golden Pagoda) in Yangon, Myanmar. It was built combining ancient Indian and modern technology to enable it to last for a thousand years.[5][6]


The center of the Global Vipassana Pagoda contains the world's largest stone dome built without any supporting pillars. The height of the dome is approximately 29 meters, while the height of the building is 99.06 meters, which is twice the size of the previously largest hollow stone monument in the world, the Gol Gumbaz Dome in Bijapur, India. The external diameter of the largest section of the dome is 97.46 m and the shorter sections are 94.82m. The internal diameter is 85.15 m.[7] The inside of the pagoda is hollow and serves as a very large meditation hall with an area covering more than 6000 m2 (65,000 ft2). The massive inner dome seats over 8000 people enabling them to practice the non-sectarian Vipassana meditation as taught by S. N. Goenka and now being practiced in over 100 countries. An inaugural one-day meditation course was held at the pagoda on 21 December 2008, with Goenka in attendance as the teacher.

Ten-day vipassana meditation courses are held free of charge at the Dhamma Pattana meditation center that is part of the Global Vipassana Pagoda complex.[8]

Construction history[edit]


Global Vipassana Pagoda under construction

Planning for the construction of the Global Vipassana Pagoda began in 1997, while actual building work started in 2000. The pagoda consists of three sub-domes. The first and largest dome was completed in October 2006 when bone relics of Gotama Buddha were enshrined in the central locking stone of the dome on 29 October 2006, making it the world's largest structure containing relics of the Buddha. The relics were originally found in the stupa at Bhattiprolu, Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, South India.[9] They have been donated by the Mahabodhi Society of India and the prime minister of Sri Lanka to be kept at the Global Vipassana Pagoda.[10][11] The second and third domes sit atop the first dome. Construction of the third dome was structurally completed on 21 November 2008.

The Global Vipassana Pagoda complex is an evolving construction. A museum depicts the historical life and non-sectarian teaching of Gotama the Buddha. The Global Vipassana Pagoda's educational displays communicate the Buddha's teaching of the universal practice of Vipassana as a path towards real happiness.

The Global Vipassana Pagoda complex consists of the following structures:

  • Pagoda dome containing relics of the Buddha. The pillar-less structure of the massive Pagoda dome encompasses a meditation hall to seat around 8,000 Vipassana meditators - the largest such meditation hall in the world.
  • Vipassana meditation centre Dhamma Pattana
  • Museum depicting the historical life of the Buddha
  • Two smaller pagodas on the north and south side
  • Library and study rooms
  • Circumambulation path around the dome
  • Administration building
  • Underground parkade
  • Vipassana Research Institute office and facility for Pali study program
  • Dhammalaya Guest House for Vipassana meditators

The south pagoda contains 108 meditation cells for use by Vipassana students taking a meditation course at the adjoining meditation centre.

Construction materials[edit]

The foundation of the dome consists of basalt, while the dome itself is made from sandstone brought from Rajasthan. The individual blocks of sandstone weigh 600–700 kg each and are kept in place due to the unique design of the bricks. Each of the bricks interlock with the ones adjacent to it and lime mortar is used to fill in any remaining gaps. The circumambulation path is laid in marble.

The pinnacle of the pagoda is adorned with a large crystal. The spire is covered in real gold, while the rest of the pagoda is covered in gold paint. The spire is topped with a special ornamental umbrella piece donated by the Burmese. The main doors to the pagoda are wooden and hand-carved in Myanmar (Burma).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Global Vipassana Pagoda inaugurated in Mumbai". DNA. 8 February 2009. Retrieved 8 February 2009.
  2. ^ "The Global Pagoda: Lighting a Beacon to the World | Vipassana Research Institute".
  3. ^ Stuart, Daniel M. (2020), S.N. Goenka: Emissary of Insight, Shambhala Publications, ISBN 9781611808186. See pages 140–143 and 251–260 in particular.
  4. ^ "Vipassana Research Institute". Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
  5. ^ "Global Stone Technology Forum". Retrieved 19 May 2009.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Global Vipassana Pagoda inaugurated in Mumbai". DNA. 8 February 2009. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  7. ^ "Salient Features – Global Pagoda website". Archived from the original on 13 February 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2009.
  8. ^ "Dhamma Pattana Vipassana Centre website". Retrieved 8 February 2009.
  9. ^ Concept and Planning of Global Vipassana Pagoda | Global Vipassana Pagoda. Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
  10. ^ Goenka, S.N. (2007). For The Benefit Of Many. Vipassana Research Institute. ISBN 81-7414-230-4
  11. ^ Goenka, S.N. (2006). Vipassana: The Practical Path to Unity in Diversity. Global Vipassana Foundation.

External links[edit]