Global basic income
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Global basic income or world basic income is the concept of giving everyone in the world a guaranteed minimum sum of money on a regular basis. The proposal usually suggests that the basic income be unconditional. Global basic income is part of the wider discussion on basic income, which typically implemented or proposed at the national level. Pilot schemes are also run at city/region levels.
While a national basic income has been discussed for much of the 20th century, the idea of a global basic income is much younger.
Interest in the idea was raised by the Dutch artist Pieter Kooistra's in the 1970s, he developed the "Uno" plan. From the 1980s, more people[who?] have started to think seriously about the proposals. Different suggestions on design and financing have been presented, among them monetary reform and "cap and dividend". The Global Basic Income Foundation, founded in 2000, brings together research and debate on the idea.
In 2016, the World Basic Income organisation was founded in the UK. It carried out research on the feasibility of a global basic income, building on the ideas from the previous decades. Its primary aim is to promote the idea of distributing $10/month to all the world's population thereby eradicating extreme poverty. It is focused on researching revenue streams emanating from the commons, such as taxes and fees on air, land and sea, as well as noting other potential revenue streams in a redistribution context.
The World Basic Income organisation held its first conference in February 2017 including speakers from the Global Income Foundation, BIEN, Share the World's Resources, CapGlobalCarbon, Hillel Steiner, Jonathan Bartley, John Merry, Manchester Migrant Solidarity, Max Harris and Belgian NGO "Eight".
Pieter Kooistra (1922-1998) was a Dutch artist, sculptor and graphic artist who was driven by the vision of making art accessible to all. He also used his creativity to various ideas and projects in the social and economic sphere. In the 1970s, when the images of famine in India spread across the world, he began to develop the idea of a global basic income.
Myron Frankman believes that global problems such as global poverty, needs global solutions. Based on this, he advocates a global federal system of active civic engagement from the local to the global scales, a world currency, global taxation, and global public finance.
According to Okanouchi a global basic income would mean:
- The abolition of wage slavery (or the proletariat as a social class).
- Elimination of the economic basis for patriarchy as well as nationalism.
- Elimination of the economic rationale for pollution.
- Elimination of financially constrained democratic inaction.
The movement for global basic income should therefore, according to Okanouchi, expect criticism from the capitalist class, patriarchal men, bureaucrats and politicians who in various ways are saving on today's systems.
- Pieter Kooistra, Het Ideale Eigenbelang - Een UNO Marshall Plan voor alle your period, Uitgeverij Kok Agora, Kampen, 1993, ISBN 978-90-391-0574-0. 201
- Frankman, Myron J., "Funding a Planet-Wide Citizen's Income: Trial Calculations," presented at USBIG Conference in New York City, March 8, 2002.
- Frankman, Myron J., World Democratic Federalism: Peace and Justice Invisible, Palgrave-Macmillan: London.
- Frankman, Myron J., "Ample Room at the Top: Financing a Planet-Wide Basic Income," presented at the BIEN Conference in Barcelona 2004
- Frankman, Myron J., "A Planet-Wide Citizen's Income: An Espousal,"
- Heeskens, René, Heskeens 2008 "Earth Dividend and Global Basic Income: A Promising Partnership," '(2008)
- Raventos, Daniel (2007). Basic Income , the material conditions of freedon (PDF). Editorial Ariel Barcelona. p. 156. ISBN 9780745326306.
- Planet -Wide Citizen's Income: Espousal and Estimates Published in June 2005)
- / paper_160_en.pdf Towards Abolition of Wage-Slavery; Perspective to a Non-Violent World Revolution for Guaranteed Global Basic Income Society, Launching from Elimination of Hunger and Poverty (accessed 5 February 2013)