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An early "third-generation" Glock 17
Type Semi-automatic pistol
Machine pistol (Glock 18)
Place of origin Austria
Service history
In service 1982–present
Used by See Users
Production history
Designer Gaston Glock
Designed 1979–1982
Manufacturer Glock Ges.m.b.H.
Produced 1982–present
No. built 5,000,000 as of 2007[1]
Variants See Variants
Barrels 1
Action Short recoil, locked breech, tilting barrel (straight blowback for Glock 25 and 28)
Muzzle velocity 375 m/s (1,230 ft/s) (Glock 17, 17C, 18, 18C)[2]
Effective firing range 50 m (55 yd) (Glock 17, 17C, 18, 18C)[3][4]
Feed system Box magazine, see Variants for capacities
Sights Fixed, adjustable and tritium-illuminated handgun night sights

The Glock pistol, sometimes referred to by the manufacturer as a Glock "Safe Action" pistol and colloquially as a Glock, is a series of polymer-framed, short recoil-operated, locked-breech semi-automatic pistols designed and produced by Glock Ges.m.b.H., located in Deutsch-Wagram, Austria. It entered Austrian military and police service by 1982 after it was the top performer on an exhaustive series of reliability and safety tests.[5]

Despite initial resistance from the market to accept a perceived "plastic gun" due to unfounded durability and reliability concerns and fears that its use of a polymer frame might circumvent metal detectors in airports, Glock pistols have become the company's most profitable line of products, commanding 65% of the market share of handguns for United States law enforcement agencies,[6] as well as supplying numerous national armed forces, security agencies, and police forces in at least 48 countries.[7] Glocks are also popular firearms among civilians for recreational and competition shooting, home and self-defense, and concealed carry or open carry.[8]


The company's founder, engineer Gaston Glock, had no experience with firearms design or manufacture at the time their first pistol, the Glock 17, was being prototyped. Glock did, however, have extensive experience in advanced synthetic polymers, knowledge of which was instrumental in the company's design of the first commercially successful line of pistols with a polymer frame.[9] Glock introduced ferritic nitrocarburizing into the firearms industry as an anticorrosion surface treatment for metal gun parts.[10]


A "first-generation" Glock 17 with the slide locked back displaying its vertical barrel tilt
A "second-generation" Glock 17, identified by the checkering on the front and rear straps of the pistol grip and trigger guard
An early "third-generation" Glock 19, identified by the addition of thumb rests, an accessory rail, finger grooves on the front strap of the pistol grip, and a single cross pin above the trigger: The frame has an indentation moulded for the third cross pin, introduced in later "third-generation" models, although the pin is not fitted.
A "third-generation" Glock 17C, identified by the addition of an extra cross pin above the trigger and a reshaped extractor that serves as a loaded chamber indicator
A "fourth-generation" Glock 17, identified by an enlarged magazine release catch, modified rough texture frame grip checkering, interchangeable backstraps, and a "Gen4" rollmark on the slide

In 1980, the Austrian military announced that it would seek tenders for a new, modern duty pistol to replace their World War II-era Walther P38 handguns.[11] The Austrian Ministry of Defence formulated a list of 17 criteria for the new generation service pistol:[5]

  • The design was to be self loading.
  • The pistol was to fire the NATO-standard 9×19 mm Parabellum round.
  • The magazines were not to require any means of assistance for loading.
  • The magazines were to have a minimum capacity of eight rounds.
  • It was to be possible to accomplish all actions one-handed which are necessary to prepare the pistol for firing and any actions required after firing. This should be possible with either hand.
  • The pistol was to be absolutely secure against accidental discharge from shock, strike, and drop from a height of 2 m onto a steel plate.
  • Disassembly of the main parts for maintenance and reassembling was to be possible without the use of any tools.
  • Maintenance and cleaning of the pistol was to be accomplished without the use of tools.
  • The pistol's construction was not to exceed 58 individual parts (equivalent of a P38).
  • Gauges, measurement tools, and precise testing devices were not to be necessary for the long-term maintenance of the pistol.
  • The manufacturer was to be required to provide the ministry of defence with a complete set of engineering drawings and exploded views. These were to be supplied with all the relevant details for the production of the pistol.
  • All components were to be fully interchangeable between pistols.
  • No more than 20 malfunctions were to be permitted during the first 10,000 rounds fired, not even minor jams that could be cleared without the use of any tools.
  • After firing 15,000-rounds of standard ammunition, the pistol was to be inspected for wear. The pistol was to then be used to fire an overpressure test cartridge generating 5,000 bar (500 MPa; 73,000 psi). (The normal maximum operating pressure Pmax for the 9mm NATO is rated at 2,520 bar (252 MPa; 36,500 psi).)[12] The critical components were to continue to function properly and be up to specifications, otherwise the pistol was to be disqualified.
  • When handled properly, under no circumstances was the user to be endangered by case ejection.
  • The muzzle energy was to be at least 441.5 J when firing a 9×19 mm S-round/P-08 by Hirtenberger AG.
  • Pistols scoring less than 70% of the total available points were not to be considered for military use.

Glock became aware of the Austrian Army's planned procurement, and in 1982 assembled a team of Europe's leading handgun experts from military, police, and civilian sport-shooting circles to define the most desirable characteristics in a combat pistol.[5] Within three months, Glock developed a working prototype that combined proven mechanisms and traits from previous pistol designs.[13] In addition the plan was to make extensive use of synthetic materials and modern manufacturing technologies, to make it a very cost-effective candidate.

Several samples of the 9×19mm Glock 17 (so named because it was the 17th patent procured by the company[14]) were submitted for assessment trials in early 1982, and after passing all of the exhaustive endurance and abuse tests, the Glock emerged as the winner.[15][16][17]

The handgun was adopted into service with the Austrian military and police forces in 1982 as the P80 (Pistole 80),[18] with an initial order for 25,000 guns.[13] The Glock 17 outperformed eight different pistols from five other established manufacturers (Heckler & Koch of Germany offered their P7M8, P7M13, and P9S, SIG Sauer of Switzerland bid with their P220 and P226 models, Beretta of Italy submitted their model 92SB-F, FN Herstal proposed an updated variant of the Browning Hi-Power, and the home-grown Steyr Mannlicher entered the competition with the GB).[19]

The results of the Austrian trials sparked a wave of interest in Western Europe and overseas, particularly in the United States, where a similar effort to select a service-wide replacement for the M1911 had been going on since the late 1970s (known as the Joint Service Small Arms Program). In late 1983, the United States Department of Defense inquired about the Glock pistol and received four samples of the Glock 17 for unofficial evaluation.[20] Glock was then invited to participate in the XM9 Personal Defense Pistol Trials, but declined because the DOD specifications would require extensive retooling of production equipment and providing 35 test samples in an unrealistic time frame.[20]

Shortly thereafter, the Glock 17 was accepted into service with the Norwegian and Swedish armed forces, surpassing all prior NATO durability standards.[20] As a result, the Glock 17 became a standard NATO-classified sidearm and was granted a NATO stock number (1005-25-133-6775).[20]

By 1992, some 350,000 pistols had been sold in more than 45 countries, including 250,000 in the United States alone.[18]

Starting in 2013 the British Army is replacing the Browning Hi-Power pistol with the Glock 17 Gen 4, due to concerns about weight and the external safety of the Hi-Power.[21]

Product evolution[edit]

Glock has updated its basic design several times throughout its production history. Commentators had long separated the large changes into generations. Glock eventually accepted this nomenclature with their "Gen4" models.

Second-generation models[edit]

A mid-life upgrade to the Glock pistols involved the addition of checkering on the front strap and serrations to the back strap. These versions, introduced in 1988, were informally referred to as "second-generation" models. To meet American ATF regulations, a steel plate with a stamped serial number was embedded into the receiver in front of the trigger guard.

In 1991, an integrated recoil spring assembly replaced the original two-piece recoil spring and tube design. The magazine was slightly modified, changing the floorplate and fitting the follower spring with a resistance insert at its base.

Third-generation models[edit]

In 1998, the frame was further modified with an accessory rail (called the "Universal Glock rail") to allow the mounting of laser sights, tactical lights, and other accessories. Thumb rests on both sides of the frame and finger grooves on the front strap were added. Glock pistols with these upgrades are informally referred to as (early) "third-generation" models. Later third-generation models additionally featured a modified extractor that serves as a loaded chamber indicator, and the locking block was enlarged, along with the addition of an extra cross pin to aid the distribution of bolt thrust forces exerted by the locking block. This cross pin is known as the locking block pin and is located above the trigger pin.[22]

The polymer frames of third-generation models can be black, flat dark earth, or olive drab. Besides that, non-firing dummy pistols ("P" models) and non-firing dummy pistols with resetting triggers ("R" models) have a bright red frame and Simunition-adapted practice pistols ("T" models) – a bright blue frame for easy identification.[23]

In 2009, the Glock 22 RTF2 (Rough Textured Frame 2) (chambered in .40 S&W) was introduced. This pistol featured a new checkering texture around the grip and new scalloped (fish gill-shaped) serrations at the rear of the sides of the slide.[24][25] Many of the existing models became available in the RTF2 version, including the 31, 32, 23, 21, 19. Some of those did not have the fish gills.

Fourth-generation models[edit]

Comparison of "third-" (left) and "fourth-generation" (right) Glock 19 grip frames
Glock 17 Gen4 as issued by the British Armed Forces under the L131A1 General Service Pistol designation

At the 2010 SHOT Show, Glock presented the "fourth generation", now dubbed "Gen4" by Glock itself. Updates centered on ergonomics and the recoil spring assembly. Some parts of fourth-generation Glock pistols cannot be interchanged with those of the previous generations. The initial two fourth-generation models announced were the full-sized Glock 17 and Glock 22, chambered for the 9×19 mm Parabellum and .40 S&W cartridges, respectively. The pistols were displayed with a modified rough-textured frame, grip checkering, and interchangeable backstraps of different sizes. "Gen4" is rollmarked on the slide next to the model number to identify the fourth-generation pistols.

The basic grip size of the fourth-generation Glock pistols is slightly smaller compared to the previous design. A punch is provided to remove the standard trigger housing pin and replace it with the longer cross pin needed to mount the medium or large backstrap that will increase the trigger distance by 2 mm (0.079 in) or 4 mm (0.16 in). With the medium backstrap installed, the grip size is identical to the third-generation pistols. The magazine release catches are enlarged and reversible for left-handed use. To use the exchangeable magazine release feature, fourth-generation Glock magazines have a notch cut on both sides of the magazine body. Earlier versions of the magazines will not lock into the Gen4 pistols if the user has moved the magazine release button to be operated by a left-handed user. Gen4 magazines will work in older models.[26][27][non-primary source needed]

Mechanically, fourth-generation Glock pistols are fitted with a dual recoil spring assembly to help reduce perceived recoil and increase service life expectancy. Earlier subcompact Glock models such as the Glock 26 and Glock 30 have already used a dual recoil spring assembly which was carried over to the fourth-generation versions of those models. The slide and barrel shelf have been resized, and the front portion of the polymer frame has been widened and internally enlarged, to accommodate the dual recoil spring assembly. The trigger mechanism housing has also been modified to fit into the smaller-sized grip space.[28][29][30][31][32]

The introduction of fourth-generation Glock pistols continued in July 2010 when the Glock 19 and Glock 23, the reduced size "compact" versions of the Glock 17 and Glock 22, became available for retail.[33] In late 2010, Glock continued the introduction of fourth-generation models with the Glock 26 and Glock 27 "subcompact" variants.

In January 2013, more fourth-generation Glock pistols were introduced commercially during the annual SHOT Show, including the Glock 20 Generation 4 along with other fourth-generation Glock models.

2011 recoil spring assembly exchange program[edit]

In September 2011, Glock announced a recoil spring exchange program in which the manufacturer voluntarily offers to exchange the recoil spring assemblies of its fourth-generation pistols (with the exception of the "subcompact" Glock 26 and Glock 27 models) sold before 22 July 2011 at no cost "to ensure our products perform up to GLOCK’s stringent standards", according to the company.[34]

M series[edit]

On 29 June 2016 the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) awarded a contract to Glock to provide new 9×19mm Parabellum chambered duty pistols.[35] The solicitation specifications deviated from the specifications of Glock fourth-generation models.[36]

In August 2016 the Indianapolis Metro Police Department (IMPD) started training with a batch of Glock 17M pistols. The most obvious difference with the Glock third and fourth-generation models on published images is the omission of finger grooves on the grip.[37] The IMPD issued a Glock 17M voluntary recall following failures encountered while dry firing the pistols during training. According to Major Riddle with the IMPD; "Glock is working to correct the problem and we hope to begin issuing the new [17Ms] as soon as December".[38][39]

Fifth-generation models[edit]

In August 2017, Glock presented the "fifth generation" or "Gen5". The revisions centered on ergonomics and improving reliability. Many parts of fifth-generation Glock pistols cannot be interchanged with those of the previous generations. The two fifth-generation models announced were the Glock 17 and Glock 19, chambered for the 9×19 mm Parabellum. Some conspicuous changes on the fifth-generation models are: ambidextrous slide stop levers, nDLC (Diamond-Like Carbon) surface finish for barrel and slide, a barrel featuring a revised style of polygonal rifling (called the “Glock Marksman Barrel” by Glock), a deeper recessed barrel crown, omission of the finger grooves on the grip, a flared magazine well, and a reintroduction of a (half moon shaped) cutout on the bottom front of the grip. The locking block pin located above the trigger pin that was introduced in the third-generation is omitted. Many internal parts were less conspicuously revised.[40][41][42][43][44] "Gen 5" is rollmarked on the slide next to the model number to identify the fifth-generation pistols. The magazines were also revised for the fifth-generation models. The redesigned magazine floor plates feature a frontward protruding lip to offer grip for manual assisted extraction and the magazine follower became orange colored for easier visual identification.

Design details[edit]

Operating mechanism[edit]

The Glock 17 is a 9 mm short recoil–operated, locked-breech semi-automatic pistol that uses a modified Browning cam-lock system adapted from the Hi-Power pistol.[45] The firearm's locking mechanism uses a linkless, vertically tilting barrel with a rectangular breech that locks into the ejection port cut-out in the slide. During the recoil stroke, the barrel moves rearward initially locked together with the slide about 3 mm (0.12 in) until the bullet leaves the barrel and chamber pressure drops to a safe level. A ramped lug extension at the base of the barrel then interacts with a tapered locking block integrated into the frame, forcing the barrel down and unlocking it from the slide. This camming action terminates the barrel's movement while the slide continues back under recoil, extracting and ejecting the spent cartridge casing. The slide's uninterrupted rearward movement and counter-recoil cycle are characteristic of the Browning system.[46]


A subcompact Glock 30 field stripped to its main parts with a .45 ACP round

The slide features a spring-loaded claw extractor, and the stamped sheet metal ejector is pinned to the trigger mechanism housing.[47] Pistols after 2002 have a reshaped extractor that serves as a loaded chamber indicator. When a cartridge is present in the chamber, a tactile metal edge protrudes slightly out immediately behind the ejection port on the right side of the slide.[48] The striker firing mechanism has a spring-loaded firing pin that is cocked in two stages that the firing pin spring powers. The factory-standard firing pin spring is rated at 24 N (5.4 lbf), but by using a modified firing pin spring, it can be increased to 28 N (6.3 lbf) or to 31 N (7.0 lbf).[27] When the pistol is charged, the firing pin is in the half-cock position. As the trigger is pulled, the firing pin is then fully cocked. At the end of its travel, the trigger bar is tilted downward by the connector, releasing the firing pin to fire the cartridge. The connector resets the trigger bar so that the firing pin will be captured in half-cock at the end of the firing cycle. This is known as a preset trigger mechanism, referred to as the "Safe Action" trigger by the manufacturer. The connector ensures the pistol can only fire semiautomatically.

The factory-standard, two-stage trigger has a trigger travel of 12.5 mm (0.49 in) and is rated at 25 N (5.6 lbf), but by using a modified connector, it can be increased to 35 N (7.9 lbf) or lowered to 20 N (4.5 lbf). In response to a request made by American law enforcement agencies for a two-stage trigger with increased trigger pull, Glock introduced the NY1 (New York) trigger module, which features a flat spring in a plastic housing that replaces the trigger bar's standard coil spring. This trigger modification is available in two versions: NY1 and NY2 that are rated at 25 N (5.6 lbf) to 40 N (9.0 lbf) and 32 N (7.2 lbf) to 50 N (11.2 lbf), respectively, which require about 20 N (4.5 lbf) to 30 N (6.7 lbf) of force to disengage the safeties and another 10 N (2.2 lbf) to 20 N (4.5 lbf) in the second stage to fire a shot.

The Glock's frame, magazine body, and several other components are made from a high-strength nylon-based polymer invented by Gaston Glock, called Polymer 2.[49] This plastic was specially formulated to provide increased durability and is more resilient than carbon steel and most steel alloys. Polymer 2 is resistant to shock, caustic liquids, and temperature extremes where traditional steel/alloy frames would warp and become brittle.[49] The injection-molded frame contains four hardened steel guide rails for the slide: two at the rear of the frame, and the remaining pair above and in front of the trigger guard. The trigger guard itself is squared off at the front and checkered. The grip has an angle of 109° and a nonslip, stippled surface on the sides and both the front and rear straps.[50] The frame houses the locking block, which is an investment casting that engages a 45° camming surface on the barrel's lower camming lug. It is retained in the frame by a steel axis pin that holds the trigger and slide catch. The trigger housing is held to the frame by means of a polymer pin. A spring-loaded sheet-metal pressing serves as the slide catch, which is secured from unintentional manipulation by a raised guard molded into the frame.

The Glock pistol has a relatively low slide profile, which holds the barrel axis close to the shooter's hand and makes the pistol more comfortable to fire by reducing muzzle rise and allows for faster aim recovery in rapid firing sequences. The rectangular slide is milled from a single block of ordnance-grade steel using CNC machinery.[51] The barrel and slide undergo two hardening processes prior to treatment with a proprietary nitriding process called Tenifer. The Tenifer treatment is applied in a 500 °C (932 °F) nitrate bath.[49] The Tenifer finish is between 0.04 and 0.05 mm (0.0016 and 0.0020 in) in thickness, and is characterized by extreme resistance to wear and corrosion; it penetrates the metal, and treated parts have similar properties even below the surface to a certain depth.[52]

The Tenifer process produces a matte gray-colored, nonglare surface with a 64 Rockwell C hardness rating and a 99% resistance to salt water corrosion (which meets or exceeds stainless steel specifications),[51] making the Glock particularly suitable for individuals carrying the pistol concealed as the highly chloride-resistant finish allows the pistol to better endure the effects of perspiration.[52] Glock steel parts using the Tenifer treatment are more corrosion resistant than analogous gun parts having other finishes or treatments, including Teflon, bluing, hard chrome plating, or phosphates.[52] During 2010 Glock switched from the salt bath nitriding Tenifer process to a not exactly disclosed gas nitriding process. After applying the nitriding process, a black Parkerized decorative surface finish is applied. The underlying nitriding treatment will remain, protecting these parts even if the decorative surface finish were to wear off.[10]

A current production Glock 17 consists of 34 parts.[27] For maintenance, the pistol disassembles into five main groups: the barrel, slide, frame, magazine, and recoil-spring assembly. The firearm is designed for the NATO-standard 9×19mm Parabellum pistol cartridge, but can use high-power (increased pressure) +P and +P+ ammunition with either full-metal-jacket or jacketed hollow-point projectiles.


Standard sighting arrangement of a "first-generation" Glock 17
Glock 9×19mm Parabellum 17-round magazine. The numbered witness holes at the back portion visually indicate how many cartridges are contained in the magazine.

The hammer-forged barrel has a female type polygonal rifling with a right-hand twist. The stabilization of the round is not by conventional rifling, using lands and grooves, but rather through a polygonal profile consisting of a series of six or eight interconnected noncircular segments (only the .45 ACP and .45 GAP have octagonal polygonal rifling). Each depressed segment within the interior of the barrel is the equivalent of a groove in a conventional barrel. Thus, the interior of the barrel consists of smooth arcs of steel rather than sharply defined slots.

The method by which Glock barrels are rifled is somewhat unusual; instead of using a traditional broaching machine to cut the rifling into the bore, the Glock process involves beating a slowly rotating mandrel through the bore to obtain the hexagonal or octagonal shape.[53] As a result, the barrel's thickness in the area of each groove is not compromised as with conventional square-cut barrels. This has the advantage of providing a better gas seal behind the projectile as the bore has a slightly smaller diameter, which translates into more efficient use of the combustion gases trapped behind the bullet,[53] slightly greater (consistency in) muzzle velocities, and increased accuracy and ease of maintenance.[54]


Glock pistols are designed with three independent safety mechanisms to prevent accidental discharge. The system, designated "Safe Action" by Glock, consists of an external integrated trigger safety and two automatic internal safeties: a firing pin safety, and a drop safety.[55] The external safety is a small inner lever contained in the trigger. Pressing the lever activates the trigger bar and sheet metal connector. The firing pin safety is a solid hardened steel pin that, in the secured state, blocks the firing pin channel (disabling the firing pin in its longitudinal axis). It is pushed upward to release the firing pin for firing only when the trigger is actuated and the safety is pushed up through the backward movement of the trigger bar. The drop safety guides the trigger bar in a ramp that is released only when direct rearward pressure is applied to the trigger. The three safety mechanisms are automatically disengaged one after the other when the trigger is squeezed, and are automatically reactivated when the trigger is released.[18][56] This passive safety system omits the manipulation of traditional on-off levers, hammers, or other external safeties as found in many other handgun designs. The ability to fire immediately, without worrying about an external safety, is one feature Glock has stressed as an advantage when selling its guns, especially to police departments.[57]

In 2003, Glock announced the Internal Locking System (ILS) safety feature. The ILS is a manually activated lock located in the back of the pistol's grip. It is cylindrical in design and, according to Glock, each key is unique. When activated, the lock causes a tab to protrude from the rear of the grip, giving both a visual and tactile indication as to whether the lock is engaged or not. When activated, the ILS renders the Glock unfireable, as well as making it impossible to disassemble. When disengaged, the ILS adds no further safety mechanisms to the Glock pistol. The ILS is available as an option on most Glock pistols. Glock pistols cannot be retrofitted to accommodate the ILS. The lock must be factory built in Austria and shipped as a special order.


The Glock 17 feeds from staggered-column or double stack magazines that have a 17-round capacity (which can be extended to 19 with an optional floor plate) or optional 33-round high-capacity magazines.[58] For jurisdictions which restrict magazine capacity to 10 rounds, Glock offers single-stack, 10-round magazines. The magazines are made of steel and are overmolded with plastic. A steel spring drives a plastic follower. After the last cartridge has been fired, the slide remains open on the slide stop. The slide stop release lever is located on the left side of the frame directly beneath the slide and can be manipulated by the thumb of the right-handed shooter.

Glock magazines are interchangeable between models of the same caliber, meaning that a compact or subcompact pistol will accept magazines designed for the larger pistols chambered for the same round. However, magazines designed for compact and subcompact models will not function in larger pistols because they are not tall enough to reach the slide and magazine release. For example, the subcompact Glock 26 will accept magazines from both the full-size Glock 17 and the compact Glock 19, but the Glock 17 will not accept magazines from the smaller Glock 19 or the Glock 26. The magazines for the Glock 36, the Glock 42, and the Glock 43 are all unique; they cannot use magazines intended for another model, nor can their magazines be used in other models.


The Glock 17 has a fixed polymer combat-type sighting arrangement that consists of a ramped front sight and a notched rear sight with white contrast elements painted on for increased acquisition speed – a white dot on the front post and a rectangular border on the rear notch. The rear sight can be adjusted for windage (on certain models due to the windage sights not coming as factory default), as it has a degree of lateral movement in the dovetail it is mounted in. Three other factory rear sight configurations are available in addition to the standard 6.5 mm (0.26 in) height sight: a lower impact 6.1 mm (0.24 in) sight, and two higher impact versions – 6.9 mm (0.27 in) and 7.3 mm (0.29 in).[59]


Glock 34 with a GTL 22 attachment featuring a dimmable xenon white light and a red laser
A military diver displaying a Glock 17 fitted with maritime spring cups
Polymer holster for Glock pistols

The Glock pistol accessories available from the factory include several devices for tactical illumination, such as a series of front rail-mounted "Glock tactical lights" featuring a white tactical light and an optional visible laser sight. An alternate version of the tactical light using an invisible infrared light and laser sight is available, designed to be used with an infrared night vision device. Another lighting accessory is an adapter to mount a flashlight onto the bottom of a magazine.

Polymer holsters in various configurations and matching magazine pouches are available. In addition, Glock produces optional triggers, recoil springs, slide stops, magazine release levers, and maritime spring cups. Maritime spring cups are designed to allow the pistol to be fired immediately after being submerged in water. They feature additional openings that allow liquids to flow and escape around them, offering enhanced reliability when water has penetrated into the firing pin assembly channel.

Magazine floor plates (or +2 baseplates), which expand the capacity of the standard magazines by two rounds are available for models chambered for the 9×19mm Parabellum, .45 ACP, .40 S&W, .357 SIG, and .380 ACP cartridges. In addition to the standard nonadjustable polymer sight line, three alternative sight lines are offered by Glock. These consist of steel, adjustable, and self-illuminating tritium night rear sights and factory steel and self-illuminating tritium contrast pointer steel front sights.


Following the introduction of the Glock 17, numerous variants and versions have been offered. Variants that differ in caliber, frame, and slide length are identified by different model numbers with the exception of the Glock 17L. Other changes not dealing with frame and slide length are identified with suffixes, such as "C", which denotes compensated models.[60][non-primary source needed][61] Minor options such as frame color, sights, and included accessories are identified by a separate model code on the box and do not appear anywhere on the firearm.

Glock pistols are made in five form factors, all modeled after the original full-sized Glock 17. "Standard" models are designed as full-sized duty firearms with a large magazine capacity. "Compact" models are slightly smaller with reduced magazine capacity and lighter weight, while maintaining a usable grip length. "Subcompact" models are designed for easier carry, and being lighter and shorter, are intended to be used with two fingers on the grip below the trigger guard, and lack an accessory rail like the larger, after generation two, Glock models. The .45 ACP and 10mm Auto models have bigger, wider slides and are slightly larger than the smaller-chambered pistols and are available in the subcompact models Glock 29 (10mm) and Glock 30 (.45 ACP). Glock produces three models of single-stack "Slimline" subcompact pistols, the Glock 36 in .45 ACP, the Glock 42 in .380 ACP, and the Glock 43 in 9 x19 mm. "Competition" versions have longer barrels and slides, adjustable sights, an extended slide and magazine release.

Beginning in 2007, Glock introduced several "Short Frame" models designated by the suffix "SF". The short frame was originally designed to compete in the now cancelled U.S. military Joint Combat Pistol trials for a new .45 ACP pistol to replace the M9 pistol. Glock's entry featured an optional ambidextrous magazine release and MIL-STD-1913 rail along with a reduction in the size of the backstrap. The Glock 21SF is currently available in three versions: one with a Picatinny rail and ambidextrous magazine release and two with a Universal Glock rail available with or without the ambidextrous magazine release. Current 10 mm and .45 ACP Glock magazines are manufactured with ambidextrous magazine release cutouts. As of January 2009, the Glock 20, 21, 29, and 30 were offered in short-framed variations. These models incorporate a 2.5 mm (0.098 in) reduction in trigger reach, and full-sized models feature a 4 mm (0.16 in) reduction in heel depth, which corresponds to an overall reduction in length for those models.[62][63][64]

9×19mm Parabellum[edit]

  • The Glock 17 is the original 9×19mm Parabellum model, with a standard magazine capacity of 17 rounds, introduced in 1982. Several modified versions of the Glock 17 have been introduced:
    • The Glock 17L, introduced in 1988, incorporates a longer slide and extended barrel. Initially, the Glock 17L had three holes in the top of the barrel and a corresponding slot in the slide; however, later production pistols lack the holes in the barrel. The Glock 17L is manufactured in limited quantities.
    • The Glock 17C, introduced in 1996, incorporates slots cut in the barrel and slide to compensate for muzzle rise and recoil. Many other Glock pistols now come with this option, all with a "C" suffix on the slide.
    • The Glock 17MB is a version with ambidextrous magazine catch. This model, along with the other MB variants, was discontinued upon the introduction of the fourth-generation models, which have a reversible magazine catch.
    • The Glock 17M, introduced in 2016, was created in response to an FBI solicitation for a new 9mm pistol. Differences from the Generation 4 model include removal of the finger grooves, ambidextrous slide lock, rounded slide nose profile, flared magwell with new magazine baseplates, and a tougher finish on metal components. The Glock 17M also abandons the polygonal rifling of previous models for conventional rifling.[65] As of 2017, the Federal Bureau of Investigation. the South Carolina Highway Patrol and the Canadian Ontario Provincial Police [66] have adopted the pistol as standard.
The Glock 18, chambered in 9×19mm Parabellum, fitted with a detachable shoulder stock being fired in fully automatic mode
  • The Glock 18 is a selective-fire variant of the Glock 17, developed at the request of the Austrian counter-terrorist unit EKO Cobra, and as a way to internally test Glock components under high strain conditions.[67] Originally produced in 1986, this machine pistol–class firearm has a lever-type fire-control selector switch, installed on the serrated portion of the rear left side of the slide. With the selector lever in the bottom position, the pistol fires fully automatically, and with the selector lever in the top position, the pistol fires semiautomatically. The firearm is typically used with an extended 33-round-capacity magazine, although other magazines from the Glock 17 can be used, with available capacities of 10, 17, or 19 rounds. Unlike all its other pistols, Glock is highly secretive about Glock 18 models, not including them on its official websites or its public catalogues,[68] and because of the pistol's nature, it is only offered to military, law enforcement and government organizations,[68] and its production details are highly classified. Early Glock 18 models were ported to reduce muzzle rise during automatic fire. A very early design introduced a longer ported barrel which was soon discarded as it would not fit in a holster. Another compensated variant was produced, known as the Glock 18C. It has a keyhole opening cut into the forward portion of the slide, similar to the opening on the Glock long-slide models, although the Glock 18 has a standard-length slide. The keyhole opening provides an area to allow the four, progressively larger (from back to front) compensator cuts machined into the barrel to vent the propellant gases upwards, affording more control over the rapid-firing machine pistol.
    • The compensator cuts start about halfway back on the top of the barrel. The two rear cuts are narrower than the two front cuts. The slide is hollowed, or dished-out, in a rectangular pattern between the rear of the ejection port and the rear sight. The rate of fire in fully automatic mode is around 1,100–1,200 rounds per minute. Most of the other characteristics are equivalent to the Glock 17, although the slide, frame, and certain fire-control parts of the Glock 18 are not interchangeable with other Glock models.[69][70]
The compact Glock 19 in 9×19mm Parabellum
  • The Glock 19 is effectively a reduced-size Glock 17, called the "Compact" by the manufacturer. It was first produced in 1988, primarily for military and law enforcement. The Glock 19's barrel and pistol grip are shorter by about 12 mm (0.5 in) than the Glock 17, and it uses a magazine with a standard capacity of 15 rounds. The pistol is compatible with factory magazines from the Glock 17 and Glock 18, giving the Glock 19 available capacities of: 17 rounds (standard magazine with +2 extension), 10, 17, and 19 (standard Glock 17 magazine with +2), and the 31 (standard Glock 18 magazine with +2 removed) and 33 rounds of the Glock 18. To preserve the operational reliability of the short recoil system, the mass of the slide remains the same as in the Glock 17 from which it is derived. With the exception of the slide, frame, barrel, locking block, recoil spring, guide rod, and slide lock spring, all of the other components are interchangeable between the models 17 and 19.
The subcompact Glock 26 with tritium night sights in 9×19mm Parabellum
  • The Glock 26 is a 9×19mm "subcompact" variant designed for concealed carry and was introduced in 1995, mainly for the civilian market. It features a smaller frame compared to the Glock 19, with a pistol grip that supports only two fingers, a shorter barrel and slide, and a double-stack magazine with a standard capacity of 10 rounds. A factory magazine with a +2 extension gives a capacity of 12 rounds. In addition, factory magazines from the Glock 17, Glock 18, and Glock 19, with capacities of 15, 17, 19, 31 and 33 rounds, will function in the Glock 26. More than simply a "shortened" Glock 19, design of the subcompact Glock 26 required extensive rework of the frame, locking block, and spring assembly that features a dual recoil spring.
  • The Glock 34 is a competition version of the Glock 17. It is similar to its predecessor, the Glock 17L, but with a slightly shorter slide and barrel, to meet the maximum size requirements for many sanctioned action pistol sporting events. It was developed and produced in 1998, and compared to the Glock 17, features a 21 mm (0.8 in) longer barrel and slide. It has an extended magazine release, extended slide stop lever, 20 N (4.5 lbf) trigger pull, and an adjustable rear sight. The sides at the front of the slide are slanted instead of squared. Further, the top of the slide and parts of its inside are milled out, creating a conspicuous hole at the top designed to reduce front-end muzzle weight to better balance the pistol and reduce the overall weight of the slide.[71]
  • The Glock 43 is a "slimline" version of the subcompact Glock 26 that features an ultracompact slide and frame. The Glock 43 is the first Glock pistol to be manufactured with a single-stack 9×19mm Parabellum magazine, having a standard capacity of six rounds and being unique to the model. Unlike other subcompact Glock pistols, the Glock 43 cannot use factory magazines from its larger relatives due to its single-stack magazine design. It also does not allow the removal of the backplate grip as is possible on the 4th gen Glocks.
  • The Glock 46 is a "compact" version of the Glock 19. The Glock 46 has a rotating barrel breech lock system.[72]

10mm Auto[edit]

The subcompact third-generation Glock 29 in 10mm Auto
  • The Glock 20, introduced in 1991, was developed for the then-growing law enforcement and security forces market for the 10mm Auto. The pistol handles both full-power and reduced "FBI" loads that have reduced muzzle velocity. Due to the longer cartridge and higher pressures, the pistol is slightly larger than the Glock 17, having a roughly 2.5 mm (0.1 in) greater width and 7 mm (0.3 in) greater length. Though many small parts interchange with the Glock 17, with a close to 50% parts commonality, the major assemblies are scaled-up and do not interchange. The standard magazine capacity of the Glock 20 is 15 rounds. In 2009, Glock announced they would offer a 152 mm (6.0 in) barrel as a drop-in option.[73]
    • The Glock 20SF is a version of the Glock 20 that uses the Short Frame (SF) which is based on the standard G20 frame (same width), but reduces the trigger reach from the back of the grip by 2.5 mm (0.098 in) and the heel of the pistol is shortened by 4 mm (0.16 in) so the trigger can be reached and operated better by users with relatively small hands.
  • The Glock 29 is a 10mm Auto equivalent of the subcompact Glock 26 introduced in 1997 along with the Glock 30 (.45 ACP). The pistol features a 96 mm (3.8 in) barrel and a standard magazine capacity of 10 rounds. Like other subcompact Glock pistols, the Glock 29 functions with the factory magazines from its related full-size model, giving an optional capacity of 15 rounds.
    • The Glock 29SF version of the Glock 29 uses the SF which is based on the standard G29 frame (same width), but reduces the trigger reach from the back of the grip by 2.5 mm (0.098 in).
  • The Glock 40, introduced in 2015, is a 10mm Auto equivalent of the long-slide Glock 17L. The Glock 40 is only made with the "Gen4" frame and "MOS" (Modular Optic System) configuration.[74]

.45 ACP[edit]

The slim-frame Glock 36 in .45 ACP

Glock pistols chambered for the .45 ACP (and the .45 GAP) feature octagonal polygonal rifling rather than the hexagonal shaped bores used for models in most other chamberings.[75] Octagonal rifling provides a better gas seal in relatively large diameter rifled bores, since an octagon resembles a circle more closely than a hexagon.[54]

  • The Glock 21 is a .45 ACP version of the Glock 20 designed primarily for the American market.[76] Compared to the Glock 20 chambered in 10mm Auto, the slide of the Glock 21 is lighter to compensate for the lower-energy .45 ACP cartridge. The standard Glock 21 magazine is of the single-position-feed, staggered-column type with a capacity of 13 rounds.
    • The Glock 21SF is a version of the Glock 21 that uses a Short Frame lower which is based on the standard G21 frame (same width), but reduces trigger reach from the back of the grip by 2.5 mm (0.098 in), and the heel of the pistol is shortened by 4 mm (0.16 in) so the trigger can be reached and operated better by users with smaller hands.
  • The Glock 30 is a .45 ACP version of the subcompact Glock 29, with a standard magazine capacity of 10 rounds. The factory magazine from the Glock 21, with a capacity of 13 rounds, will function in the Glock 30.
    • The Glock 30SF is a version of the Glock 30 that uses a Short Frame lower which is based on the standard G30 frame (same width), but reduces trigger reach from the back of the grip by 2.5 mm (0.098 in). The G30SF accepts the same double-stack .45ACP magazines as the G30 and G21.[77]
    • The Glock 30S is a version of the Glock 30 that features a thin slide (same slide as the G36), a Short Frame lower, and a double stack magazine.[78] Like the G30, G30S magazines holds 10 rounds.[79]
  • The Glock 36 is a "slimline" version of the subcompact Glock 30 that features an ultracompact slide and frame and is chambered for the .45 ACP cartridge. The Glock 36 is the first Glock pistol to be manufactured with a single-stack magazine, having a standard capacity of six rounds and being unique to the model. The Glock 36 cannot use factory magazines from its larger relatives due to its single-stack magazine design.
  • The Glock 41 is a competition version of the Glock 21, much like what the G34 is in relation to the G17; it features a 5.3-inch barrel and an elongated slide. The Glock 41 is only made with the "Gen4" frame.[80]

.40 S&W[edit]

Glock 22 OD in .40 S&W with olive drab frame
The competition-oriented Glock 35 in .40 S&W
  • The Glock 22 is a .40 S&W version of the full-sized Glock 17 introduced in 1990. The pistol uses a modified slide, frame, and barrel to account for the differences in size and power of the .40 S&W cartridge. The standard magazine capacity is 15 rounds. The Glock Model 22 is favored and used by several police agencies around the world, including the Baltimore Police Department, Los Angeles Police Department, Miami Police Department, Maryland State Police, Kansas City Police Department, Missouri State Highway Patrol, Alaska State Troopers in the United States, and the NSW Police Force and Queensland Police Service in Australia - among others.
  • The Glock 23 is a .40 S&W version of the compact Glock 19. It is dimensionally identical to the Glock 19, but is slightly heavier and uses a modified slide, frame, .40 S&W barrel, and a standard magazine capacity of 13 rounds. The factory 15-round magazine from the larger Glock 22 will function in the Glock 23.
  • The Glock 24 is a .40 S&W long-slide variant of the Glock 22, similar in concept to the Glock 17L. Additionally, a compensated, ported-barrel version designated the 24C was also produced. The Glock 24 was introduced in 1994 and officially dropped from the company's regular product lineup upon the release of the Glock 34 and 35.[81]
  • The Glock 27 is a .40 S&W version of the subcompact Glock 26, with a standard magazine capacity of 9 rounds. The factory magazines from the larger Glock 22 and 23 will function in the Glock 27, increasing capacity to 13 or 15 rounds. Spacers are available that fit on these larger-capacity magazines themselves; they have the effect of "extending" the magazine well of the pistol, thereby improving the ergonomic feel of the pistol when the longer magazines are inserted.
  • The Glock 35 is a .40 S&W version of the competition Glock 34. The Glock Model 35 is the current service pistol for the Kentucky State Police.[citation needed]

As is typical of pistols chambered in .40 S&W, each of the standard Glock models (22, 23, and 27) may be easily converted to the corresponding .357 SIG chambering (Glock 31, 32, and 33, respectively) simply by replacing the barrel. No other parts need to be replaced, as the .40 S&W magazines will feed the .357 SIG rounds.

.380 ACP[edit]

The first two .380 ACP models are primarily intended for markets which prohibit civilian ownership of firearms chambered in military calibers such as 9×19mm Parabellum.[82]

Due to the relatively low bolt thrust of the .380 ACP cartridge, the locked-breech design of the Glock 19 and Glock 26 was minimally modified for the Glock 25 and Glock 28 to implement unlocked breech operation. It operates via straight blowback of the slide. This required modification of the locking surfaces on the barrel, as well as a redesign of the former locking block. Unusual for a blowback design, the barrel is not fixed to the frame. It moves rearward in recoil until it is tilted below the slide, similar to the standard locked-breech system. The reduced size and mass of the Glock 42 required return to the Glock-standard locked-breech design.

  • The Glock 25, introduced in 1995, is a blowback derivative of the compact (102 mm (4.0 in) barrel) Glock 19. The magazine capacity is 15 rounds. Standard fixed sight elevation is 6.9 mm, unlike the 6.5 mm elevation used for the 9×19mm models.[83]
  • The Glock 28, introduced in 1997, is a blowback derivative of the subcompact (87 mm (3.4 in) barrel) Glock 26. The standard magazine capacity is 10 rounds, but the 15-round Glock 25 magazine will function in the Glock 28. Standard fixed-sight elevation is 6.9 mm, unlike the 6.5 mm elevation used for the 9×19mm Parabellum models.
  • The Glock 42, introduced in 2014, is an all-new locked-breech "slimline" (83 mm (3.3 in) barrel) design. The single-stack magazine is unique to this model, with a capacity of six rounds. It is Glock's smallest model ever made and is manufactured in the USA, which unlike the Glock 25 and 28, allows domestic sales in that market.

.357 SIG[edit]

The subcompact Glock 33 in .357 SIG
  • The Glock 31 is a .357 SIG variant of the full-sized Glock 22. The standard magazine capacity of the Glock 31 is 15 rounds.
  • The Glock 32 is a .357 SIG variant of the compact Glock 23. The standard magazine capacity of the Glock 32 is 13 rounds.
  • The Glock 33 is a .357 SIG variant of the subcompact Glock 27. The standard magazine capacity of the Glock 33 is 9 rounds.

As is typical of pistols chambered in .357 SIG, each of the standard Glock models (31, 32, and 33) may be easily converted to the corresponding .40 S&W chambering (Glock 22, 23, and 27, respectively) simply by replacing the barrel. No other parts need to be replaced, as the .357 SIG magazines will feed the .40 S&W round.

.45 GAP[edit]

Glock pistols chambered for the .45 GAP (and the .45 ACP) feature octagonal polygonal rifling rather than the hexagonal shaped bores used for models in most other chamberings.[75] Octagonal rifling provides a better gas seal in relatively large diameter rifled bores, since an octagon resembles a circle more closely than a hexagon.[54]

  • The Glock 37 is a .45 GAP version of the Glock 17. It uses a wider, beveled slide, larger barrel, and different magazine, but is otherwise similar to the Glock 17. The Glock 37 first appeared in 2003. It was designed to offer ballistic performance comparable with the .45 ACP in the frame size of the Glock 17. The concern with the size of the Glock 20/21 has been addressed by the Glock 36, 21SF, and 30SF, all of which featured reduced-size frames. The standard magazine capacity of the Glock 37 is 10 rounds.
  • The Glock 38 is a .45 GAP version of the compact Glock 19.[84] The standard magazine capacity of the Glock 38 is 8 rounds.
  • The Glock 39 is a .45 GAP version of the subcompact Glock 26. The standard magazine capacity of the Glock 39 is 6 rounds.

Model comparison chart[edit]

Model number Cartridge Total length Barrel length Magazine capacity[85] Weight
(mm) (in) (mm) (in) Standard Optional (g) (oz)
17, 17C, 17 MOS 9×19mm 186 7.32 114 4.49 17 10, 33 625 22 Standard
17L 225 8.69 153 6.02 670 23.6 Long slide
18, 18C 185 7.28 114 4.49 33 10, 17 620 21.9 Standard
19, 19C, 19 MOS 174 6.85 102 4.01 15 10, 15, 17, 33 595 21 Compact
20, 20C, 20SF 10 mm Auto 193 7.60 117 4.61 10 785 27.7 Standard
21, 21C, 21SF .45 ACP 13 10 835 29.84
22, 22C .40 S&W 202* 204 7.95* 8.03 114 4.49 15 10, 22 725 25.59
23, 23C 185* 187 7.28* 7.36 102 4.01 13 10, 15, 22 670 23.65 Compact
24, 24C 225 8.86 153 6.02 15 10, 17, 22, 24 757 26.7 Long slide
25 .380 ACP 174 6.85 102 4.01 17 570 20.1 Compact
26 9×19mm 160 6.30 88 3.46 10 15, 17, 33 560 19.8 Subcompact
27 .40 S&W 9 11, 13, 15, 17, 22, 24 560 19.8
28 .380 ACP 10 12, 15, 17 529 18.7
29, 29SF 10 mm Auto 172 6.77 96 3.78 15 700 24.7
30, 30S, 30SF .45 ACP 9, 13 680 24
31, 31C .357 SIG 186 7.32 114 4.49 15 10, 17 660 23.3 Standard
32, 32C 174 6.85 102 4.01 13 10, 15, 17 610 21.5 Compact
33 160 6.30 88 3.46 9 10, 11, 13, 15, 17 560 19.8 Subcompact
34, 34 MOS 9×19mm 207 8.15 135 5.31 17 10, 33 650 22.9 Competition
35, 35 MOS .40 S&W 15 10, 17, 22, 24 695 24.5
36 .45 ACP 172 6.77 96 3.78 6 570 20.1 Slimline
37 .45 GAP 186 7.32 116 4.56 10 11 735 25.9 Standard
38 174 6.85 102 4.01 8 9, 10, 11 685 24.2 Compact
39 160 6.30 88 3.46 6 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 548 19.3 Subcompact
40, 40 MOS 10 mm Auto 241 9.49 153 6.02 15 10 798 28.15 Long slide
41, 41 MOS .45 ACP 222 8.74 135 5.3 13 775 27 Competition
42 .380 ACP 151 5.94 83 3.27 6 380 13.4 Slimline
43 9×19mm 159 6.26 86 3.39 509 17.95
  • Glock pistols marked by "*" indicate that a "Gen4" model is available. The Glock 40 and Glock 41 are only made in the "Gen4" frame.
  • Glock pistols marked by "^" indicate that an "MOS" (Modular Optic System) model is available. The Glock 40 is only made in the "MOS" configuration.
  • Glock pistols designated by "C" after the model number are equipped with ported barrels and slides to compensate for muzzle rise.
  • Glock 18/18C pistols are 9×19mm Parabellum select-fire machine pistols and not available to the general public in most countries.
  • Glock pistols designated "SF" are "short-framed". They have 2.5 mm (0.098 in) shorter trigger reach from the back of the grip and the heel of the pistol is shortened by 4 mm (0.16 in) for the full-sized framed Glock 20 and 21. The reduction in the heel of the Glock 29 and 30 is not as pronounced.
  • Glock 25 or 28 pistols are not available to the general public in the United States, because a small pistol chambered for the .380 ACP cartridge does not meet the "sporting purposes" criteria for importation of pistols under the Gun Control Act of 1968, according to the BATFE's point system.[86] The Glock 42, however, is not subject to those regulations because it is produced in the United States rather than imported, allowing it to be sold on the civilian market.

Regional variants[edit]

Mexico forces Glock model 25 SDN pistol.
  • The Glock Mariner and Glock Tactical are versions of various Glock pistols sold in the Philippines with an adjustable rear sight, extended slide stop, maritime spring cups, and an engraved slide with the words 'MARINER' or 'TACTICAL'.[87]
  • The Glock 17A is a variant produced with a 120 mm (4.7 in) extended barrel that protrudes from the slide visibly. It is intended for the Australian market to conform to local laws regarding barrel length created after the Monash University shooting and are supplied with 10-round magazines.[88][89]
  • The Glock 17S is a variant with an external, frame-mounted, manual safety. Small numbers of this variant were made for the Tasmanian, Israeli, Pakistani, and perhaps several South American security forces.[90] They are stamped "17", not "17S". They resemble, but are distinguishable from, standard Glock 17 pistols that have been fitted with the after-market Cominolli safety.[91] An additional safety variant Glock 17 that was tested by the British Military included a frame safety similar to that found on the British service rifle, the SA-80.[92]
  • The Glock 17Pro version is produced exclusively for the Finnish market.[87] It has these alterations from the standard Glock 17: factory tritium night sights, an extended, threaded barrel, marine spring cups, modified magazine release, extended slide stop lever (factory standard in newer models), extended +2 magazine baseplates, 15.5 N (3.5 lbf) connector, and factory Glock pouch.[87]
  • The Glock 17DK is a version for Denmark, where handguns must, by law, be at least 210 mm (8.3 in) long. The Glock 17DK has a 122.5 mm (4.8 in) barrel, making the pistol 210 mm (8.3 in) long overall.
  • The Glock 17 SNF is a version of the Glock 17 used by Servicio Nacional de Fronteras in Panama with SNF – Dios y Patria engraved on the slide.[87]
  • The Glock 25 SDN (SDN – Secretaría de la Defensa Nacional) is a version of the Glock 25 for civilian and Mexican law enforcement use with S. D. N. MEXICO DF printed in white letters on the right side of the slide. The pistol is chambered for .380 ACP (9mm Kurz, 9mm Short, 9×17mm or 9mm Browning) and is distributed by the Weapon and Ammunition Commercialization Directive (Dirección de Comercialización de Armas y Municiones or DCAM) of SDN[87]

Training variants[edit]

  • The Glock 17T training pistol fires paint or rubber bullets. The two versions are easily recognizable from their bright blue frames: the Glock 17T 9 mm FX, which fires Simunition FX cartridges and the Glock 17T 7.8×21 AC, which fires cartridges with paint and rubber bullets powered by replaceable pressurized air cartridges.
  • The Glock 17P, 22P, and Glock 17R are all training pistols for practicing hand-to-hand combat, loading and unloading of the pistol. These Glocks are identical to a standard Glock 17/22 except for their red frame; some models have an inert barrel (without a chamber, thus preventing the accidental chambering of a live cartridge) and no firing pin hole in the breech face (preventing someone from using a live barrel with the training slide). The difference between models is that to perform a 'reset' of the trigger, a cycling of the slide has to be performed on the 17P/22P, but not on the 17R.

Production in other countries[edit]

Iraqi police firing 9 mm Glock handguns at a firing range

Aside from the original Austrian company, Glock pistols are manufactured by the Glock Inc. subsidiary division located in the United States. Those batches are nearly the same or identical compared to the Austrian-made ones, but they are marked as "USA", instead of "AUSTRIA", on the slide; and they have seven-digit serial numbers, instead of the Austrians' six. Glock 17 pistols are being assembled locally at army workshops of Uruguay to fulfill the needs of the national military services and law enforcement organizations.[93][94] These pistols were assembled initially with original Glock parts and later with locally manufactured parts.[93]

The 205th Armory in Taiwan produces a copy of the Glock 19, named as the T97. The Taiwan-made Glocks were made to replace the Smith & Wesson Model 5906 used by the Taiwan police, but it ultimately did not enter service. Turkish company Akdal Arms produces a pistol named the Ghost TR01, which is heavily influenced by Glock pistols in its design.[95] Russian firms such as Skat,[96] ORSIS[97] and Izhmash [98] assembles three models of Glock pistols locally: the Glock 17, 34, and 35. There are three sidearms made by Iranian DIO's Shahid Kaveh Industry Complex which they call Ra'ad (has a safety selector, possibly an unlicensed copy of Glock 17), Glock 19 and Kaveh-17 (probably an improved Ra'ad, a variant of Glock 17S), which all of them are unlicensed clones of Glock pistols.[99] It is not known if they could make their way to Iranian Military and replace the Browning Hi-Power, 1911 and SIG P226 pistols and they were possibly some prototypes and have never gone on mass production.[100]


Country Organization Model
 Albania RENEA Special Forces[citation needed]

Albanian State Police

National Guard[citation needed]

Durres Port Authority[citation needed]

 Argentina Argentine Army 17
 Australia Australian Federal Police[101] 17, 19, 26
Corrective Services NSW,[citation needed] New South Wales Police Force,[102][103] Queensland Police Service,[103] Western Australia Police,[103] and Northern Territory Police[103][104] 22, 23, 27
Tasmania Police and the Australian Border Force[105] 17
 Austria Austrian Armed Forces[106][107][108] 17 (as Pistole 80)
Austrian Federal Police[citation needed] 17, 19
 Azerbaijan 160 Glock pistols purchased in 2013. Used by Azerbaijani Special Military Services[109] 19
 Bangladesh Numerous law enforcement agencies and Bangladesh Army[110] 17, 22, 23
 Belarus "Almaz" antiterrorist group[111] 17
 Belgium Federal and local police forces[112] 17, 19, 26
 Brazil Federal Police Department - Departamento de Polícia Federal (DPF)[113] 17, 19, 26
Brazilian Special Operations Brigade - Brigada de Operações Especiais (BOE)[citation needed] 17, 19
Institutional Security Cabinet - Gabinete de Segurança Institucional da Presidência da República (GSI/PR)[citation needed] 17
Special Police Operations Commando - Batalhão de Operações Policiais Especiais (BOPE/RJ)[citation needed] 17
Coordination of Special Assets - Coordenadoria de Recursos Especiais (CORE/RJ)[citation needed] 22
 Canada BC Conservation Officer,[114] Calgary, Edmonton, Ontario Provincial Police, Ottawa, Saskatoon, Metro Vancouver Transit Police, Montreal Police Service, Toronto Police Service and the Sûreté du Québec[107]
 China Various police SWAT units.[115][116] 17, 26
 Colombia "Gaula EJC" Army antiextortion and antikidnapping group[111] 17
 Denmark Slædepatruljen Sirius special forces[117] 20, 26
 Czech Republic Nonstandard sidearm issued to personnel on international deployments[118] 17
601st Special Forces Group[119] 17
 Ecuador National Police[107] 17
Various special police units such as the GOE and GIR[107]
 Fiji Tactical Response Unit[120]
 Finland Border Guard[121]
Defence Forces[121] 17 (as 9.00 PIST 2008)
Department of Corrections (Vankeinhoitolaitos)[121]
Primary service firearm of the police[122]
 Estonia Police service pistol.[123]
 France Certain naval and airborne units of the French Armed Forces:[108][124] French Army Special Forces Brigade, Commandos Marine (France), Research sections of Gendarmerie Nationale, National Gendarmerie Intervention Group, Recherche Assistance Intervention Dissuasion, Groupes d'Intervention de la Police Nationale, Service de Protection des Hautes Personnalités, Brigade de recherche et d'intervention, Groupe de sécurité de la présidence de la République 17, 19, 26, 34
 Georgia Mainly used by GSOF and some MIA units.[107][108] 17, 21, 26
 Germany GSG 9 of the German Federal Police (although they mostly carry Heckler & Koch USP),[107] German commando frogmen of the Bundeswehr under the designation P9[125] 17
 Greece EKAM[126] 21
 Greenland Siriuspatruljen[127] 20
 Hong Kong Hong Kong Police Force (including special units such as SDU, CTRU, ASU and SBDIV),[107] ICAC and Hong Kong Customs 17, 19
 Iceland Iceland Crisis Response Unit (ICRU)[128][129][130]
Icelandic National Police[128][129][130]
 India Maharashtra Force One[131][132] 17, 19
National Security Guards, MARCOS and Para Commandos[107][133] 17, 26
Special Protection Group (replaced with FN Five-seven in 2008)[134] 17
Mizoram Police 19
 Iraq Iraqi security forces (largest Glock user, purchased 125,163 pistols)[135][136] 19
 Israel Israeli Defense Forces, Israel Police, Shin Bet[108] 17, 19
 Jordan Royal Guard[107]
 Kosovo Kosovo Police, Kosovo Security Force[137][138] 17
 Latvia Latvian Military[108][139] 17
 Lithuania Lithuanian Armed Forces[108][140] 17
Lithuanian Police[141] 17, 19, 26
 Luxembourg Luxembourg Army[142] 17
Unité Spéciale de la Police of the Grand Ducal Police[143][144] 17, 26
 Malaysia Malaysian Armed Forces[145] 17, 19, 34
Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency[146] 19
RELA Corps[citation needed] 19, 26
Royal Malaysia Police[145] 17, 18, 19, 26, 34
Royal Malaysian Custom[147]
 Myanmar Myanmar Police Force Special Operations Task Force[citation needed] 19
 Mexico Mexican navy[107]
 Monaco Compagnie des Carabiniers du Prince[148][149] 17
 Montenegro Military of Montenegro[150] 17
 Netherlands Dutch police (about 250 Glock 17 pistols in use as a stopgap measure by the Arrestatieteam (Dutch SWAT))[151][152][153] 17
Military of the Netherlands[108][154][155]
The Royal Marechaussee Brigade Speciale Beveiligingsopdrachten (Special Protection Assignments Brigade) persoonsbeveiliging (PB), observatie team (OT) and sky marshals sections also use the Glock 26[156]
17, 18, 26
 New Zealand New Zealand Police[157] (an "unarmed service", but are trained to use firearms) 17
New Zealand Defence Force[158] 17
 Niger In use with Police and Garde Présidentielle[159] 17
 Norway Norwegian Armed Forces[107][108] 17 (as P-80, P-80NM1, and P-80NM2)
 Pakistan Special Services Group [160] 17, 19
 Philippines National Bureau of Investigation[107]
National Intelligence Coordinating Agency[107]
Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency[107]
Philippine National Police[107] 17 Gen 4
Presidential Security Group[107] 17
Philippine Marine Corps Marine Special Operations Group (MARSOG)[161] 21
 Poland Border Guard[162] 19
Military Gendarmerie[108] 17
Polish police[163] 19
 Portugal Portuguese Marine Corps[108][164] 17
Public Security Police[164] 19
Republican National Guard[164] 19
 Romania Romanian Armed Forces[108] 17, 17L
 Russia Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD), special forces[165][166] 17, 19
Federal Security Service (FSB)[167] 17
 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian Army[citation needed] 17
General Security[citation needed] 19
 Serbia Police of Serbia [168][169] 17, 19, 21, 35
 Singapore Singapore Prison Service[170] 19
Special Task Squadron (STS) of the Police Coast Guard[171] 19
 Solomon Islands Royal Solomon Islands Police Force[citation needed] 17
 Spain Unidad Especial de Intervención (UEI) group of the Spanish Civil Guard[172] 17
 Sweden Swedish Armed Forces[108][173][174] 17 (as Pistol 88), 19 (as Pistol 88B)
  Switzerland Police (Gendarmerie) Cantonal of Geneva[175] 19
Swiss Armed Forces: Swiss Grenadiers, ARD 10, FSK-17[176] 17, 26
 Taiwan Various criminal investigation bureau outside major cities[177] 19
 Thailand National police (2,238 pistols)[107] 19
 Turkey Gendarmerie Special Public Security Command[citation needed] 19
Police Special Operation Department[citation needed] 19
National Intelligence Organization[citation needed]
 United Kingdom British Armed Forces[178] 17 (as L131A1),[179] 17T (as L132A1)
Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI)[180] 17
Scottish Police Specialist Firearms Units[181] 17
Specialist Firearms Command of the London Metropolitan Police Service[182] 17, 26[183][184]
 United States Alabama Law Enforcement Agency[citation needed] 22, 23
Alaska State Troopers[185] 20, 22
Atlanta Police Department[186][non-primary source needed] 22
Anchorage Police Department[187] 21
Baltimore City Police Department[188] 22
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives[189] 22, 27
California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation[citation needed] 22, 35
District of Columbia Protective Services Police Department[citation needed] 17, 19, 26
Drug Enforcement Administration[190] 19, 22, 23, 27
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Criminal Investigation Division[citation needed] 19, 26
Federal Bureau of Investigation[191] 17, 19, 21, 22, 23, 26, 27
Florida Highway Patrol[192] 37
Fort Worth Police Department[citation needed] 17
Greenville County Sheriff's Office[citation needed] 21
Homeland Security Investigations[193] 17, 19, 26
Honolulu Police Department[citation needed] 17
Houston Police Department[citation needed] "19", "17", 21, 22, 23, 30, "43"
Internal Revenue Service – Criminal Investigation[194] 22, 23
Jacksonville Sheriff's Office[195] 17
Kentucky State Police SRT[196] 35, 27
Leon County Sheriffs Office, Florida[197] 21SF
Los Angeles Police Department[198] 17, 22
Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command[199] 19
Michigan State Police[200] 17, 26
United States Navy SEALs[201] 19
New York City Police Department[202] 19, 17, 26(off-duty)
New York State Police[187] 37, 39
Pennsylvania Board of Probation & Parole[187] 21, 30
Pennsylvania Game Commission[187] 31
Rio Rancho Police Department New Mexico[citation needed] 21
South Carolina Highway Patrol[citation needed] 17M
United States Marshals Service[203] 17, 19, 22, 23
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign Police Department[citation needed] 22
Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Corrections[204] 19
U.S. Probation and Pretrial Services System[citation needed] 22, 23
Utah Highway Patrol[citation needed] 17, 22
Virginia Beach Police Department[205] 17
Winchester Police Department, Kentucky[citation needed] 22
Springfield Police Department, Illinois[citation needed] 19, 33
 Uruguay Uruguayan National Army[206] 17
 Venezuela Venezuelan Armed Forces[107][108] 17
 Yemen Military of Yemen[207] 19

See also[edit]


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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]