Glogonj

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Glogonj

Глогоњ
Village
Coat of arms of Glogonj
Coat of arms
Glogonj is located in Serbia
Glogonj
Glogonj
Location of Glogonj within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°59′N 20°32′E / 44.983°N 20.533°E / 44.983; 20.533Coordinates: 44°59′N 20°32′E / 44.983°N 20.533°E / 44.983; 20.533
CountrySerbia
ProvinceVojvodina
DistrictSouth Banat
Population
 (2011)
 • Glogonj3,012
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)+381(0)13
Car platesPA

Glogonj (Serbian Cyrillic: Глогоњ About this soundlisten ) is a village in Serbia. It is situated in the Pančevo municipality, in the South Banat District, Vojvodina province. The village has a Serb ethnic majority and its population numbering 3,012 people (2011 census). The place name means location of crataegus.

History[edit]

Topographic history[edit]

On 1 October 1944, about 2.500 prisoners from Bor had to take rest nearby floodplains on the route between Sefkerin and Opovo. Members of paramilitary Deutsche Mannschaft killed there 22 of them by hitting because they tried to get river water for drinking despite the command to walk on. An interviewed eyewitness indirectly named this event only. He did not mention the real place of action, moved the event to Hungary, gave a later date, but described this event with the word watermelons in his synopsis.[1][2]

On 30 October 1944, 101 Germans were killed by shooting near the floodplains next to the road to Opovo by Special commands of Yugoslav Partisans. The number had a symbolic meaning. 100 persons were representative for national socialist German minority of Danube Swabians, 1 for an escaped First-rate official (Ortsgruppenleiter; jurisdiction area: Glogon, Sefkerin and Opovo). A contemporary witness of Danube Swabian publication in Germany called that area airfield, and paraphrased the Germans way to heaven, mentioned nothing about the prisoners from Bor, but included them into the number of victims. According to that report, the parson of Glogonj was also shot and killed in the village. However, an old man was tortured and publicly hanged to the tower of Saint Anne Church on 5 October 1944 (also included as victim of 30 October in German publication). On the same day, four German women were found dead near the banks of the Tamiš River, repeatedly raped by First-rate members of the Soviet Red Army at the municipal office during the night from 4 to 5 October 1944.[3][4][5][6][7]

Historical Population[edit]

Notable Citizens[edit]

  • Franz Lischitz (Serbian: Франц Лишиц), member (horse keeper) of the SS Freiwilligen Gebirgsjäger Division Prinz Eugen]], strictly refused his first participation in a reprisal against civilians (including children and adolescents) in the area around Sarajevo. He was executioned by shooting because of his command denial on 29 September 1943. Lischitz was selected for the German firing squad to finally prove his courage instead of just keeping horses and taking care of the food. The skinny and short man was treated like a laughing stock by his officer (Zugführer Johannes Dietrich) and some camerades again and again, and his childless wife has been depreciated and devalued by some German villagers since this event. Two of his best friends from Jabuka had also refused the command that day, one of whom was the brother of his wife.[14][15]

Articles[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Randolph L. Braham, The Politics of Genocide. The Holocaust in Hungary. Volume 1, Columbia University Press, New York City 1981, p. 335-359. Interview for his research with Josef Žsivaj (pseudonym of Iosif Clivaj) (born in Pančevo; temporary guardian at Svilara in Pančevo), brother of the second husband Heinrich Čivaj (Henric Clivaj, member of regional Deutsche Mannschaft, Einsatzstaffel Pantschowa) of Theresia Richardt (7th November 1909, Jabuka, Serbia – 27th July 1993, Vienna, Austria).
  2. ^ Ljubiša Ivanovski, Jabuka kroz vekove, Qubesoft, Pančevo 2011, p. 41.
  3. ^ Glogon Cousins, website of Ronald Gross, archived by Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Franz Lang, Mit uns in Glogonj, Karlsruhe 1990, self-publication.
  5. ^ Donauschwäbische Kulturstiftung (Danube Swabian Culture Foundation), Leidensweg der Deutschen im kommunistischen Jugoslawien. Volume 2: Erlebnisberichte über die Verbrechen an den Deutschen durch das Tito-Regime in der Zeit von 1944-1948, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-926276-17-7, p. 175-176.
  6. ^ Donauschwäbische Kulturstiftung, Leidensweg der Deutschen im kommunistischen Jugoslawien. Volume 4: Menschenverluste-Namen und Zahlen zu Verbrechen an den Deutschen durch das Tito-Regime in der Zeit von 1944-1948. Munich 1994,ISBN 3-926276-22-3, p. 142-143.
  7. ^ Command of Franz Böhme: 1/100 or 1:50
  8. ^ Johann Svoboda, Die Theresianische Militär-Akademie zu Wiener-Neustadt und ihre Zöglinge von der Gründung der Anstalt bis auf unsere Tage. Volume 2, k. u. k. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1894, p. 90, 735 and 792 (Google Books; German), retrieved on 2017-12-18.
  9. ^ Officieller General-Catalog der Weltausstellung, Wien 1873, p. 169 on Google Books.
  10. ^ Article on Lajos Szekrényi in Karl-May-Wiki (German), retrieved on 2017-12-18.
  11. ^ Bundesleitung des Schwäbisch-Deutschen Kulturbundes, Die Arbeit des Kulturbundes 1938: Liste aller regionalen Ortsgruppen als Beilage (Enclosing list of all new regional local groups), Tätigkeitsbericht vom 20 November 1937 - 1 December 1938, Druckerei- und Verlags-A.G., Neusatz 1938.
  12. ^ Franz Lang jun., Mit uns in Glogonj! 1767-1945, Karlsruhe 1990.
  13. ^ Ortssippenbuch Glogau-Glogon, Schriftenreihe zur donauschwäbischen Herkunftsforschung (Nazism and race, Ariernachweis), edited by Michael and Elfriede Adelhardt, Karlsruhe 2007.
  14. ^ Theresia Lischitz (Maiden name: Richardt),7 November 1909, Jabuka – 27 July 1993, Vienna)), Mill Alley, Glogonj.
  15. ^ Enclosing map of former families and households in: Franz Lang, Mit uns in Glogonj! 1767-1945, Karlsruhe 1990

Weblinks[edit]

  • Glogonj on the Official Website by the municipality of Pančevo (Serbian)