Gloire-class cruiser

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Armoured cruiser Gloire.png
Gloire in 1913
Class overview
Name: Gloire
Operators:  French Navy
Preceded by: Dupleix class
Succeeded by: Léon Gambetta class
In commission: 1904–1933
Completed: 5
Lost: 1
Scrapped: 4
General characteristics
Type: Armored cruiser
Displacement: 9,534 metric tons (9,383 long tons)
Length: 139.8 m (458 ft 8 in)
Beam: 20.2 m (66 ft 3 in)
Draft: 7.7 m (25 ft)
Installed power:
Propulsion: 3 Shafts, 3 vertical triple-expansion steam engines
Speed: 21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph)
Range: 12,000 nautical miles (22,000 km; 14,000 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)
Complement: 612
Armament:
Armor:

The Gloire-class cruisers were a group of five armored cruisers built for the French Navy during the first decade of the 20th century.

Design and description[edit]

Right elevation and deck plan as depicted in Brassey's Naval Annual 1912

The Gloire-class ships were designed as enlarged and improved versions of the Gueydon-class armored cruisers by the naval architect Emile Bertin. Their crew numbered 612 officers and enlisted men.[1] The ships measured 139.8 meters (458 ft 8 in) overall, with a beam of 20.2 meters (66 ft 3 in) and a draft of 7.7 meters (25 ft 3 in)[2] Designed to displace 9,856 metric tons (9,700 long tons), they actually displaced 9,458 to 10,212 metric tons (9,309 to 10,051 long tons).[3]

The ships had three vertical triple-expansion steam engines, each driving one propeller shaft. The engines were rated at a total of 20,500 indicated horsepower (15,300 kW), using steam provided by 24 Belleville water-tube boilers, except for Condé and Gloire, which had 28 Niclausse boilers. They had a designed speed of 21.5 knots (39.8 km/h; 24.7 mph).[2] They carried up to 1,590 long tons (1,620 t) of coal[1] and could steam for 12,000 nautical miles (22,000 km; 14,000 mi) at a speed of 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph).[2]

The main armament of the Gloire-class cruisers consisted of two 194 mm (7.6 in) guns mounted in single-gun turrets fore and aft. Their intermediate armament was eight 164 mm (6.5 in) guns. Four of these were in single gun turrets on the sides of the ship and the other four were in casemates. For anti-torpedo boat defense, they carried six 100 mm (3.9 in) guns in casemates and eighteen 47 mm (1.9 in) Hotchkiss guns. They were also armed with five 450-millimeter (17.7 in) torpedo tubes; two of these were submerged and the others were above water.[1]

The waterline armored belt of the Gloire-class ships was 170 millimeters (6.7 in) thick amidships and tapered to 106 millimeters (4.2 in) towards the bow and stern. Above the main belt was a thinner strake of armor, 127 millimeters (5 in) thick that also tapered to 106 mm at the ends of the ship.[4] The conning tower had armored sides 150 millimeters (5.9 in) thick. The main gun turrets were protected by 173 millimeters (6.8 in)[2] of armor and the intermediate turrets by 120 millimeters (4.7 in). The flat part of the lower armored deck was 45 millimeters (1.8 in), but increased to 64 millimeters (2.5 in) as it sloped down to the sides of the ship.[4]

Ships[edit]

  • Gloire, launched 27 June 1900. Decommissioned in 1922 and subsequently broken up.[5]
  • Marseillaise, launched 14 July 1900. Decommissioned in 1929 and subsequently broken up.[5]
  • Sully, launched June 1901. Wrecked in Halong Bay, Tonkin, French Indochina, 30 September 1905.[5]
  • Condé, launched 12 March 1902. Decommissioned in 1933 and used as a target.[5]
  • Amiral Aube, launched 9 May 1902. Decommissioned in 1922 and subsequently broken up.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c French Armored Cruiser Sully, pp. 324, 326
  2. ^ a b c d Silverstone, p. 80
  3. ^ Chesneau & Kolesnik, p. 305
  4. ^ a b French Armored Cruiser Sully, p. 326
  5. ^ a b c d e "Gloire Class". worldnavalships.com. Retrieved 12 June 2010. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • "French Armored Cruiser Sully". Warship International. Toledo, Ohio: Naval Records Club. V (4): 324–26. 1968. ISSN 0043-0374. 
  • Chesneau, Roger & Kolesnik, Eugene M., eds. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. Greenwich: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4. 
  • Silverstone, Paul H. (1984). Directory of the World's Capital Ships. New York: Hippocrene Books. ISBN 0-88254-979-0. 
  • Sondhaus, Lawrence (2014). The Great War at Sea: A Naval History of the First World War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-03690-1. 

External links[edit]