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Gloppen kommune
Views of Gloppen
Views of Gloppen
Official logo of Gloppen kommune
Sogn og Fjordane within
Gloppen within Sogn og Fjordane
Gloppen within Sogn og Fjordane
Coordinates: 61°44′38″N 06°10′14″E / 61.74389°N 6.17056°E / 61.74389; 6.17056Coordinates: 61°44′38″N 06°10′14″E / 61.74389°N 6.17056°E / 61.74389; 6.17056
CountySogn og Fjordane
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreSandane
 • Mayor (2015)Leidulf Gloppestad (Sp)
 • Total1,030.50 km2 (397.88 sq mi)
 • Land963.51 km2 (372.01 sq mi)
 • Water66.99 km2 (25.86 sq mi)  6.5%
Area rank105 in Norway
 • Total5,836
 • Rank180 in Norway
 • Density6.1/km2 (16/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Demonym(s)Gloppar [1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1445
Official language formNynorsk [2]

Gloppen is a municipality in the county of Sogn og Fjordane, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Nordfjord. Gloppen is generally subdivided into three areas: Hyen in the west, Gloppen in the center, and Breim in the east.

Each of the areas have their own main service centres. Sandane, the administrative centre of the municipality, is the largest with about 2,500 inhabitants. Sandane, Vereide, and Sørstranda are centered on the Gloppefjorden in Gloppen in the central part of the municipality. The villages of Byrkjelo, Re, Kandal, and Egge are centered on the lake Breimsvatnet in the Breim area in the east. The villages of Straume, Eimhjellen, and Solheim are located around the Hyefjorden in Hyen in the west. The whole municipality sits on the southern side of the large Nordfjorden.

The European route E39 highway runs through the municipality before crossing the Nordfjorden on a car ferry. The Sandane Airport, Anda is located along the E39 highway, just north of Vereide.

The 1,031-square-kilometre (398 sq mi) municipality is the 105th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Gloppen is the 180th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 5,836. The municipality's population density is 6.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (16/sq mi) and its population has increased by 2.9% over the last decade.[3][4]

General information[edit]

Gloppen was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). The original municipality was identical to the Gloppen parish (prestegjeld) including the sub-parishes (sokn) of Gimmestad, Breim, and Vereide. On 1 January 1886, the sub-parish of Breim (population: 1,823) was separated from Gloppen to form its own municipality. This left Gloppen with 2,970 residents.[5]

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the municipality of Breim (population: 1,731) was merged back into the municipality of Gloppen. After the merger, the population of Gloppen was 5,702. On 1 January 1965, the Hoplandsgrenda area (population: 42) of Gloppen municipality (on the northern shore of the Nordfjorden) was transferred to neighboring Stryn Municipality. On 1 January 1992, the Lote area of Gloppen (also on the north side of the Nordfjorden) was transferred to Eid Municipality. This left all of Gloppen located south of the Nordfjorden.[5]


The name (Old Norse: Gloppi) was originally the name of a fjord (now Gloppefjorden). The name is probably derived from the word gloppa which means "narrow opening".[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The municipal coat of arms was granted on 19 December 1986. It shows a silver-colored fjord horse on a blue background. This was chosen since these horses are bred in the area.[7]


The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Gloppen. It is part of the Nordfjord prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Gloppen
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Breim Breim Church Re 1886
Gimmestad Gimmestad Church Sørstranda 1910
Old Gimmestad Church Sørstranda 1690
Hyen Hyen Church Straume 1876
Vereide Sandane Church Sandane 1997
Vereide Church Vereide 12th century


Myklebustdalen valley east of Byrkjelo
Karnilshaugen from Gloppefjorden

All municipalities in Norway, including Gloppen, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[8] The municipality falls under the Sogn og Fjordane District Court and the Gulating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Gloppen is made up of 27 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Gloppen Kommunestyre 2020–2024 [9]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)13
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Social Democrats (Samfunnsdemokratane)1
Total number of members:27
Gloppen Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet Dei Grøne)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)7
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)11
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Social Democrats (Samfunnsdemokratane)2
Total number of members:27
Gloppen Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Social Democrats (Samfunnsdemokratane)4
Total number of members:27


The mayor (ordførar) of a municipality in Norway is a representative of the majority party of the municipal council who is elected to lead the council. Leidulf Gloppestad of the Centre Party (Senterpartiet) was elected mayor for the 2015–2019 term.


The municipality is located southern shores of the Nordfjorden. To the north is the municipality of Eid, to the east is Stryn, to the south is Naustdal and Jølster, and to the west is Flora and Bremanger. There are two fjords that branch off the main fjord into Gloppen: Hyefjorden and Gloppefjorden.

Gloppen has a natural landscape with virtually unspoiled nature ranging from sea level up to high-alpine mountains of some 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) height. Snønipa is the highest mountain in the municipality and is located at the Myklebustbreen glacier. The lakes Breimsvatn and Emhjellevatnet are, respectively, the first and second largest lakes in Gloppen. There are also some large glaciers such as Ålfotbreen, Gjegnalundsbreen, and Myklebustbreen. The river Gloppeelva runs from the lake Breimsvatnet to the Gloppefjorden.


The dominant trades and industries in Gloppen are agriculture and farming. The municipal centre Sandane is also home to a college of secondary education and a branch of Sogn og Fjordane University College which specialized in music therapy (this school closed in 2005). The Firda Upper Secondary School is located in Sandane.



Gloppen is the site of Karnils tumulus burial mound (Norwegian: Karnilshaugen) from the Old Norse word haugr meaning mound or barrow. Karnilshaugen or Tinghaugen på Hauge is located on the Hauge farm west of Sandane. Karnilshaugen is probably one of the ten largest mounds in Nordfjord. The burial mound was built on top of Tinghaug, the site of a Thing (assembly). Tinghaug was a place of public gathering, for cultural events and religious actions.[12][13]


  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian).
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-11-06.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-11-06.
  5. ^ a b Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 455.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
  8. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  9. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Vestland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  10. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Sogn og Fjordane". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  12. ^ Informasjonstavle i Karnilstunet, ved Karnilshaugen (Satt opp av «Stiftelsen Karnilstunet». 2001)
  13. ^ Karnilshaugen på gården Hauge i Sandane, Gloppen, Norge (Solverv)

Other sources[edit]

External links[edit]