Gloria Ray Karlmark

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Gloria Cecelia Ray Karlmark (born September 26, 1942) is one of the Little Rock Nine.[1] She was 15 when she attempted to enter Little Rock Central High School.[1] In 1965, she graduated from the Illinois Institute of Technology with a bachelor's degree in Chemistry and Mathematics.[2] During her career, Karlmark served as a documentation expert for a Dutch company and editor of a European computer magazine.[1]

In 1998, Karlmark and the other members of the Little Rock Nine were awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in recognition of "selfless heroism."[3][4]

In 1958, Karlmark and the Little Rock Nine received the Spingarn Medal by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) for outstanding achievement by an African American.

She now resides in Sweden and the Netherlands.[5]


  1. ^ a b c "Gloria Cecelia Ray Karlmark (1942–)", Encyclopedia of Arkansas .
  2. ^ Little Rock nine, USA: NPS .
  3. ^ Glassman, Matthew (2011). Congressional Gold Medals 1776-2010. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service. p. 30. 
  4. ^ "Gloria Ray Karlmark". 30 August 2007. Archived from the original on 2009-03-25. Retrieved 2009-03-25. .
  5. ^ "Religion", NWA News  Missing or empty |title= (help).