Gloria Ray Karlmark

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Gloria Cecelia Ray Karlmark (born September 26, 1942) is one of the Little Rock Nine.[1] She was 15 when she attempted to enter Little Rock Central High School.[1] In 1965, she graduated from the Illinois Institute of Technology in 1965 with a bachelor's degree in Chemistry and Mathematics.[2] During her career, Karlmark served as a documentation expert for a Dutch company and editor of a European computer magazine.[1] She was also awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.[3] She now resides in Sweden and the Netherlands.[4]


  1. ^ a b c "Gloria Cecelia Ray Karlmark (1942–)", Encyclopedia of Arkansas .
  2. ^ Little Rock nine, USA: NPS .
  3. ^ "Gloria Ray Karlmark". 30 August 2007. Archived from the original on 2009-03-25. Retrieved 2009-03-25. .
  4. ^ "Religion", NWA News  Missing or empty |title= (help).