Gloria al Bravo Pueblo
|English: "Glory to the Brave People"|
National anthem of Venezuela
|Also known as||La Marsellesa Venezolana (English: Venezuelan Marseillaise)|
|Lyrics||Vicente Salias, 1810|
|Music||Juan José Landaeta (Attributed)|
Gloria al Bravo Pueblo
"Gloria al Bravo Pueblo" (“Glory to the Brave People”) is the national anthem of Venezuela. Its lyrics were written by physician and journalist Vicente Salias in 1810, set to music later composed by musician Juan José Landaeta. Owing to musical similarities with the French national anthem, beginning in 1840 “Gloria al Bravo Pueblo” was known as “La Marsellesa Venezolana” (“The Venezuelan Marseillaise”). It was declared Venezuela’s national anthem by decree of President Antonio Guzmán Blanco on May 25, 1881.
Recent investigations have suggested that the real author of the anthem was Andrés Bello, and not Salias, to whom it was originally credited, and the music was composed by another musician called Lino Gallardo. However, this theory has yet to be proven, and lacks any real recognition among the general Venezuelan population, historians, or otherwise.
The Patriotic Society was formed in Caracas as a result of The Revolution of April 19, 1810, One of its meetings, Existed by the Success of Its Patriotic Song, Caraqueños, Otra Época Inicia. Composed by Cayetano Carreño and Lyrics by Andrés Bello, suggested that the proposal for the Society was also launch a Patriotic March that stimulated the mood for the undecided.
It was thus that one of the members of the Patriotic Society, Poet Vicente Salias, improvised there the first verses of the National Anthem.
The Venezuelan national anthem is played every day on all radio stations, national and regional television networks broadcast at 12:00 am, and at 6:00 am (sometimes on 12:00 pm during National Holidays) (either the full version or the chorus, first stanza and chorus). On radio broadcasts in some of the Regional Radio stations, the state anthem is played after the national anthem, which is also the case in state TV stations.
In most occasions, only the chorus, first stanza and the chorus are played or even the chorus itself. Sometimes the chorus is played twice in the beginning, and once in the rest of the anthem. In formal events (if the anthem will be played by either a military band, concert band or orchestra) the format is: Chorus (2x), First verse and Chorus (2x), with the optional introduction. If played in full the chorus is sung twice, with or without the introductory notes.
References and notes
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National anthem of Venezuela.|
- (in Spanish) Efemérides Venezolanas, for detailed information.
- (in Spanish) Gloria al Bravo Pueblo (1810)
- Venezuela: Gloria al Bravo Pueblo - Audio of the national anthem of Venezuela, with information and lyrics
- Gloria al Bravo Pueblo (short version 1987) - Orquesta Sinfónica Simón Bolivar
- Gloria al Bravo Pueblo - Presidential Honor Guard Band
- Gloria al Bravo Pueblo (ceremony version) by Orquesta Sinfónica Simón Bolivar
- Gloria al Bravo Pueblo by Orquesta Sinfónica Simón Bolivar