Gloria al Bravo Pueblo

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"Gloria al Bravo Pueblo"
English: "Glory to the Brave People"

National anthem of  Venezuela
Also known asLa Marsellesa Venezolana (English: Venezuelan Marseillaise)
LyricsVicente Salias, 1810
MusicJuan José Landaeta (Attributed)
Adopted1881
Audio sample
Gloria al Bravo Pueblo

"Gloria al Bravo Pueblo" (“Glory to the Brave People”) is the national anthem of Venezuela. Its lyrics were written by physician and journalist Vicente Salias in 1810, set to music later composed by musician Juan José Landaeta. Owing to musical similarities with the French national anthem, beginning in 1840 “Gloria al Bravo Pueblo” was known as “La Marsellesa Venezolana” (“The Venezuelan Marseillaise”). It was declared Venezuela’s national anthem by decree of President Antonio Guzmán Blanco on May 25, 1881.

Recent investigations have suggested that the real author of the anthem was Andrés Bello, and not Salias, to whom it was originally credited, and the music was composed by another musician called Lino Gallardo.[citation needed] However, this theory has yet to be proven, and lacks any real recognition among the general Venezuelan population, historians, or otherwise.

History[edit]

The Patriotic Society was formed in Caracas as a result of the Revolution of April 19, 1810, One of its meetings, Existed by the Success of Its Patriotic Song, Caraqueños, Otra Época Inicia. Composed by Cayetano Carreño and Lyrics by Andrés Bello, suggested that the proposal for the Society was also launch a Patriotic March that stimulated the mood for the undecided. On April 18, 1868, newspaper El Federalista was puhlished the official lyrics written by Salias, which commemorated the 58th Anniversary of Independence the day before in the capital, mentioned that "in the halls of the University and in the presence of large public, before the speeches, a «martial music» performed several pieces, among them the National Anthem ".

Commissioned by President Guzmán Blanco, Dr. Eduardo Calcaño, a valuable composer and musician, adequately fulfilled the task of fixing the musical text of the Anthem, which he did while preserving the martial brilliance of the melody, without attempting to alter it or give it another expression.

On May 25, 1881, the Gloria al Bravo Pueblo was definitively consecrated as the National Anthem of Venezuela, by means of a decree issued by the then President, Antonio Guzmán Blanco. After this decree and the publications of the National Anthem that were made in 1883 , a new official edition was produced in 1911 to commemorate the centenary of independence, which was entrusted to Salvador Llamozas. In 1947 the current structure of the musical and lyricial ambiance was overhauled by composer Juan Bautista Plaza.

Disputed Composition[edit]

However, this theory has not been fully proven; although the truth is that both Juan José Landaeta and Lino Gallardo belonged to the "School of Music of Caracas", the central activity of the "Archdiocesan Oratory of Caracas", founded by Pedro Palacios y Sojo.[clarification needed]

It was thus that one of the members of the Patriotic Society, poet Vicente Salias, improvised there the first verses of the National Anthem on it was originally written around 1810 as a patriotic hymn. Later official modifications have been written by Eduardo Calcaño (1881), Salvador Llamozas (1911) and Juan Bautista Plaza (1947).

Lyrical content[edit]

Spanish

— Coro —
Gloria al bravo pueblo
que el yugo lanzó,
la Ley respetando
la virtud y honor.
(repetir todos)
 
— I —
¡Abajo cadenas! (2x)
Gritaba el señor; (2x)
y el pobre en su choza
libertad pidió.
A este santo nombre
tembló de pavor
el vil egoísmo
que otra vez triunfó.
(repetir últimas cuatro líneas)
(repetir dos ultimas lineas)
 
(Coro)
— II —
Gritemos con brío (2x)
¡Muera la opresión! (2x)
Compatriotas fieles,
la fuerza es la unión;
y desde el empíreo,
el Supremo Autor
un sublime aliento
al pueblo infundió.
(repetir últimas cuatro líneas)
(repetir dos ultimas lineas)
 
(Coro)
— III —
Unida con lazos (2x)
que el cielo formó, (2x)
la América toda
existe en nación;
y si el despotismo
levanta la voz
seguid el ejemplo
que Caracas dio.
(repetir últimas cuatro líneas)
(repetir dos ultimas lineas)
(Coro)

English

— Chorus —
Glory to the brave people
who shook off the yoke,
The law respecting,
virtue and honour.
(repeat all)
 
— I —
“Down with chains!” (2x)
Shouted the Lord; (2x)
And the poor man in his hovel
For Freedom implored.
Upon this holy name
Trembled in great dread
The vile selfishness
That had once prevailed.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
 
(Chorus)
— II —
Let’s scream out aloud: (2x)
"Death to oppression!" (2x)
Oh, loyal countrymen:
Strength is unity;
And from the Empyrean
The Supreme Author
A sublime spirit
To the people blew.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
 
(Chorus)
— III —
United by bonds (2x)
That Heaven has formed, (2x)
The entire America
Exists as a Nation;
And if ever despotism
Raises again its voice,
Then follow the example
That Caracas gave.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
(Chorus)

Regulations and Usage[edit]

The Venezuelan national anthem is played every day on all radio stations, national and regional television networks. The broadcast is mandatory at 12:00 am and 6:00 am (sometimes on 12:00 pm during National Holidays) according to the law (either the full version or the chorus, first stanza and chorus).

On radio broadcasts in some of the regional radio stations, the state anthem is played after the national anthem, which is also the case for state TV stations.[citation needed]

In most occasions, only the chorus, first stanza and the chorus are played, or even the chorus itself. Sometimes the chorus is played twice in the beginning, and once in the rest of the anthem. In formal events (if the anthem will be played by either a military band, concert band or orchestra) the format is: chorus (2x), first verse and chorus (2x), with the optional introduction. If played in full the chorus is sung twice, with or without the introductory notes.

References[edit]

External links[edit]