Gloria al Bravo Pueblo

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"Gloria al Bravo Pueblo"
English: "Glory to the Brave People"

National anthem of  Venezuela
Also known asLa Marsellesa Venezolana (English: Venezuelan Marseillaise)
LyricsVicente Salias, 1810
MusicJuan José Landaeta (Attributed)
Adopted1881
Audio sample
Gloria al Bravo Pueblo

"Gloria al Bravo Pueblo" (“Glory to the Brave People”) is the national anthem of Venezuela. Its lyrics were written by physician and journalist Vicente Salias in 1810, set to music later composed by musician Juan José Landaeta. Owing to musical similarities with the French national anthem, beginning in 1840 “Gloria al Bravo Pueblo” was known as “La Marsellesa Venezolana” (“The Venezuelan Marseillaise”). It was declared Venezuela’s national anthem by decree of President Antonio Guzmán Blanco on May 25, 1881.

Recent investigations have suggested that the real author of the anthem was Andrés Bello, and not Salias, to whom it was originally credited, and the music was composed by another musician called Lino Gallardo.[citation needed] However, this theory has yet to be proven, and lacks any real recognition among the general Venezuelan population, historians, or otherwise.

History[edit]

The Patriotic Society was formed in Caracas as a result of The Revolution of April 19, 1810, One of its meetings, Existed by the Success of Its Patriotic Song, Caraqueños, Otra Época Inicia. Composed by Cayetano Carreño and Lyrics by Andrés Bello, suggested that the proposal for the Society was also launch a Patriotic March that stimulated the mood for the undecided.

It was thus that one of the members of the Patriotic Society, Poet Vicente Salias, improvised there the first verses of the National Anthem.

Lyrics[edit]

Spanish

— Coro —
Gloria al bravo pueblo
que el yugo lanzó,
la Ley respetando
la virtud y honor.
(repetir todos)
 
— I —
¡Abajo cadenas! (2x)
Gritaba el señor; (2x)
y el pobre en su choza
libertad pidió.
A este santo nombre
tembló de pavor
el vil egoísmo
que otra vez triunfó.
(repetir últimas cuatro líneas )
(repetir dos ultimas lineas )
 
(Coro)
— II —
Gritemos con brío (2x)
¡Muera la opresión! (2x)
Compatriotas fieles,
la fuerza es la unión;
y desde el empíreo,
el Supremo Autor
un sublime aliento
al pueblo infundió.
(repetir últimas cuatro líneas)
(repetir dos ultimas lineas)
 
(Coro)
— III —
Unida con lazos (2x)
que el cielo formó, (2x)
la América toda
existe en nación;
y si el despotismo
levanta la voz
seguid el ejemplo
que Caracas dio.
(repetir últimas cuatro líneas)
(repetir dos ultimas lineas)
(Coro)

English

— Chorus —
Glory to the brave people
who shook off the yoke,
The law respecting,
virtue and honour.
(repeat all)
 
— I —
“Down with chains!” (2x)
The man yelled; (2x)
And the poor man in his hovel
For Freedom implored.
Upon this holy name
Trembled in great dread
The vile selfishness
That had once prevailed.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
 
(Chorus)
— II —
Let’s scream out aloud: (2x)
"Death to oppression!" (2x)
Oh, loyal countrymen:
Strength is in unity;
And from the Empyrean
The Supreme Author
A sublime spirit
To the people blew.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
 
(Chorus)
— III —
United by bonds (2x)
That Heaven has formed, (2x)
The entire America
Exists as a Nation;
And if ever despotism
Raises again its voice,
Then follow the example
That Caracas gave.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
(Chorus)

Usage[edit]

The Venezuelan national anthem is played every day on all radio stations, national and regional television networks broadcast at 12:00 am, and at 6:00 am (sometimes on 12:00 pm during National Holidays) (either the full version or the chorus, first stanza and chorus). On radio broadcasts in some of the Regional Radio stations, the state anthem is played after the national anthem, which is also the case in state TV stations.[citation needed]

In most occasions, only the chorus, first stanza and the chorus are played or even the chorus itself. Sometimes the chorus is played twice in the beginning, and once in the rest of the anthem. In formal events (if the anthem will be played by either a military band, concert band or orchestra) the format is: Chorus (2x), First verse and Chorus (2x), with the optional introduction. If played in full the chorus is sung twice, with or without the introductory notes.

References and notes[edit]

[1]

External links[edit]