Glossary of ancient Egypt artifacts
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Glossary of ancient Egyptian artifacts and materials
- Amulet An amulet is an object that is typically worn on one's person, that some people believe has the magical or miraculous power to protect its holder.
- Ankh symbol of life held by ra
- Benben stone—(also known as a pyramidion) the top stone of the Egyptian pyramid
- Canopic jar—Vessel containing internal body organs removed during mummifiication
- Canopic chest—The common chest contained the four Canopic jars
- Cartonnage—Papyrus or linen soaked in plaster, shaped around a body and used for mummy masks and coffins
- Cenotaph—an empty tomb or a monument erected in honour of a person or group of people whose remains are elsewhere
- Crook—Symbol of pharaonic power. Symbol of the god Osiris
- Faience—Glasswork articles, amulets, etc.
- False door—an artistic representation of a door, a common architectural element in the tombs
- Flail—Symbol of pharaonic power. Symbol of the god Osiris
- Flint knife— prestige funerary good, from the Naqada period until the end of the Early Dynastic Period
- Funerary cone—small cones made from clay that were placed over the entrance of the chapel of a tomb, used almost exclusively in the Theban necropolis (Mesopotamia had clay nails)
- Headrest—Found in tombs, etc. Typically personal, or a memorial headrest
- Imiut fetish—A religious object used in funerary rites; a stuffed, headless animal skin, often of a feline or bull, tied by the tail to a pole, terminating in a lotus bud and inserted into a stand
- Microlith—Ancient Egyptian stone flakes
- Menat—An amulet worn round the neck. Also a musical instrument, a metal rattle (see also: sistrum)
- Menhed—A scribe's pallet
- Mummy—Body after mummification
- Naos—Religious shrine; portable shrine for carrying a god
- Ostracon—Pottery sherd, limestone Sherd, used as writing material
- Cosmetic palette—Slab of stone, sometimes decorated, used for preparing cosmetics. See: Narmer Palette; and: Category:Archaeological palettes.
- Papyrus—Material made from papyrus reeds, used as writing and painting material
- Pectoral (Ancient Egypt)—many forms. (Up to 13 additional Gardiner-unlisted determinative hieroglyphs for the "pectoral"; See Gardiner's sign list.)
- Saqqara Bird—Wooden bird model
- Sarcophagus—a funeral receptacle for a corpse, most commonly carved in stone
- Scarab: amulet or seal in the form of an abstract dung beetle
- Senet—A board game
- Shabti—Figurines placed in the tomb as substitutes for the tomb owner in the next world
- Pyramid— A monumental structure with a square or triangular base and sloping sides that meet in a point at the top, especially one built of stone as a royal tomb in ancient Egypt
- Statuary—Pharaonic and non-pharaonic. (Range of sizes.)
- Amulets—numerous, (and predynastic).
- Boundary Stele—Placed at boundaries.
- Memorial Stele—Pharaonic or non-pharaonic.
- Monumental Stele—Offered to gods, special individuals.
- Votive Stele—private, dedication.
- Victory Stele—Pharaonic.
- Talatat—limestone wall blocks, at times painted.
- Ushabti— shabtis from the 21st Dynasty and later.
- Reeves, Nicholas. Ancient Egypt, The Great Discoveries, a Year-by-Year Chronicle,
- Nicholas Reeves, (Thames and Hudson Ltd. London), c.2000. Glossary: p. 242
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