Glossary of artificial intelligence

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This glossary of artificial intelligence terms is about artificial intelligence, its sub-disciplines, and related fields.

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  • Heuristic – is a technique designed for solving a problem more quickly when classic methods are too slow, or for finding an approximate solution when classic methods fail to find any exact solution. This is achieved by trading optimality, completeness, accuracy, or precision for speed. In a way, it can be considered a shortcut. A heuristic function, also called simply a heuristic, is a function that ranks alternatives in search algorithms at each branching step based on available information to decide which branch to follow. For example, it may approximate the exact solution.[177]
  • Hidden layer – an internal layer of neurons in an artificial neural network, not dedicated to input or output
  • Hidden unit – an neuron in a hidden layer in an artificial neural network
  • Hyper-heuristic – is a heuristic search method that seeks to automate, often by the incorporation of machine learning techniques, the process of selecting, combining, generating or adapting several simpler heuristics (or components of such heuristics) to efficiently solve computational search problems. One of the motivations for studying hyper-heuristics is to build systems which can handle classes of problems rather than solving just one problem.[178][179][180]

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References and notes[edit]

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