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For the suburb of Sydney in Australia, see Glossodia, New South Wales.
Waxlip closeup.jpg
waxlip orchid (Glossodia major)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Diurideae
Subtribe: Caladeniinae
Genus: Glossodia

Glossodia is a genus of mostly purple orchids from Australia. In spring vast numbers of Glossodia major flower on uncleared land.

There are only two recognised species:[2]


Glossodia are difficult to maintain in cultivation. Growing from seed in vitro has yielded very poor results, and plants taken from the wild usually last only a few years. This may be due to the plants' complete reliance on a symbiotic fungus for nutrition. These orchids form no roots and obtain nutrients from mycorrhizal fungi. A reasonably successful solution to this has been to grow new plants in the same pot each year. This usually requires hand pollination, but it can result in a better yield.


  1. ^ "Glossodia". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  2. ^ "Genus Glossodia". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney Australia. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  • Brown, R. (1810) Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae 325.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2001) Orchidoideae (Part 1). Genera Orchidacearum 2: 107 ff. Oxford University Press.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Glossodia at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Glossodia at Wikispecies