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The Glossophytes are a clade of land plants comprising the glossopterids and their descendants. This includes the Gnetales and angiosperms, as well as Bennettitales.[1]

Their monophyly is rather well supported by molecular methods, although their internal relationships are somewhat more shaky.[1]

The clade had diverged by the Permian, when glossopterids appear in the fossil record.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Doyle, J.A. (1996). "Seed Plant Phylogeny and the Relationships of Gnetales". International Journal of Plant Sciences. 157 (6): 3–39. JSTOR 2475206. doi:10.1086/297401.