Glossy-mantled manucode

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Glossy-mantled manucode
Manucodia ater.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Paradisaeidae
Genus: Manucodia
Species: M. ater
Binomial name
Manucodia ater
(Lesson, 1830)
Synonyms
  • Manucodia atra Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993)

The glossy-mantled manucode (Manucodia ater) is a species of bird-of-paradise.

The glossy-mantled manucode was the first bird of paradise encountered by the French naturalist René-Primevère Lesson, the first westerner to see live wild birds of paradise.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Manucodia ater ater (mainland New Guinea)
  • Manucodia ater subalter (West Papuan Islands, Aru Is, and SE peninsula of New Guinea)
  • Manucodia ater alter (Tagula Island in Louisiade Archipelago)

[2]

Distribution[edit]

It is widely distributed throughout the lowlands of New Guinea and nearby islands. Widespread and common throughout its large range, the glossy-mantled manucode is evaluated as least concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix II of CITES. San Diego Zoo has the only captive individual of this species outside of New Guinea.

Habitat[edit]

The glossy-mantled manucode live in lowland rainforest, riverine and monsoon forests, forest edge, swamp-forest and woodlands.[2]

Description[edit]

Manucodia ater. Museum specimen

The glossy-mantled manucode is medium-sized, around 42 cm long, glossed green, blue and purple black with a red iris, black bill, long graduated tail and somewhat elongated upper breast and neck feathers. Both sexes are similar. The female is a slightly smaller than the male. In appearance, the glossy-mantled manucode resembles and is difficult to distinguished from its nearest relatives, the crinkle-collared and jobi manucodes.

Biology[edit]

These birds have diurnal habits. They tend to move alone or in pairs, rarely in small groups: They spend most of their time looking for food among the branches of trees, ready to hide themselves in the thick vegetation when disturbed. They are not particularly timid, but it is easier to hear their calls or flights rather than observe them directly. The diet consists mainly of fruits, figs and arthropods.[2]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Beehler, B. M. (1989), « The birds of paradise », Scientific American, vol.261, p. 116-123.
  • Clench, Mary H. 1978. Trachael Elongation in Birds-of-Paradise. Condor 80 (4): 423-430.
  • Frith, C. B. & Frith, D. W. (2009), « Family Paradisaeidae (Birds of Paradise) », In del Hoyo, J. Elliott, A. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows, vol.14, p. 404-459. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • Frith, C. B.; Beehler, B. M. 1998. The birds of paradise. Oxford University Press, Inc., New York.
  • Gilliard, E. T. (1969), Birds of paradise and Bowerbirds, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, New York.
  • Ottaviani, M. (2012), Les Oiseaux de Paradis – Histoire Naturelle et photographies, 320 pages. Editions Prin, France.
  • Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

References[edit]

External links[edit]