Gloucester (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Gloucester in Gloucestershire.
Location of Gloucestershire within England.
|Electorate||80,788 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Richard Graham (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||South West England|
Gloucester // (listen) is a constituency[n 1] centred on the cathedral city and county town of the same name, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament[n 2] by Richard Graham of the Conservative Party.
- 1 History
- 2 Profile
- 3 Boundaries
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 5.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 5.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 5.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 5.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 5.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 5.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 5.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 5.8 Election in the 1940s
- 5.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 5.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 5.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 5.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 5.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 5.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 5.15 Elections in the 1870s
- 5.16 Elections in the 1860s
- 5.17 Elections in the 1850s
- 5.18 Elections in the 1840s
- 5.19 Elections in the 1830s
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 Sources
- 9 External links
A borough of Gloucester was established by 1295 that returned two burgesses as Members of Parliament to the House of Commons. Its population meant this was a situation not leading to an outright rotten borough identified for abolition under the Reform Act 1832 however on more fair (far more equal representation) national changes in 1885, representation was reduced to one member under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.
Since 1979 Gloucester has been a bellwether constituency by passing between representatives of the two largest parties in the same way as the government. After nearly three decades as a Conservative seat, it was held by Labour from 1997 to 2010 before returning to a Conservative on a swing of 8.9%.
1918–1950: The County Borough of Gloucester.
1950–1955: The County Borough of Gloucester, and in the Rural District of Gloucester the civil parishes of Barnwood, Brockworth, Hempsted, Hucclecote, and Wotton Vill.
1955–1974: The County Borough of Gloucester, and in the Rural District of Gloucester the civil parishes of Barnwood, Brockworth, Hempsted, and Hucclecote.
1974–1983: The County Borough of Gloucester.
1983–1997: The City of Gloucester, and the District of Stroud wards of Quedgeley and Hardwicke, and Upton St Leonards.
1997–2010: The City of Gloucester.
2010–present: The City of Gloucester wards of Abbey, Barnwood, Barton and Tredworth, Elmbridge, Grange, Hucclecote, Kingsholm and Wotton, Matson and Robinswood, Moreland, Podsmead, Quedgeley Fieldcourt, Quedgeley Severn Vale, Tuffley, and Westgate.
Members of Parliament
In 1881, Robinson's willingness to stand down faced with a popular petition and the unwillingness of the Conservatives to make allegations nor investigate matters further led to suspicions of collusion between the parties and a Royal Commission was set up to examine electoral practices. The Royal Commission concluded that Gloucester was among the most corrupt of the seven towns investigated and that bribery was endemic in all elections in the city. The Commission concluded that half of the electorate had taken bribes in 1880 and blamed local politicians for most of the corruption. Despite these findings and virtually halving the electorate eligible to vote Robinson was reelected for Gloucester in 1885 when representation had been reduced to one member under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.
MPs since 1885
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Jeremy Hilton||2,716||5.0||−0.4|
|Monster Raving Loony||George Ridgeon||210||0.4||−0.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Jeremy Hilton||2,828||5.4||−13.9|
|Monster Raving Loony||George Ridgeon||277||0.5||-|
|Liberal Democrat||Jeremy Hilton||9,767||19.2||+5.6|
|English Democrat||Alan Platt||564||1.1||-|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+8.9|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Jeremy Hilton||7,825||15.1||+0.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Tim Bullamore||6,875||14.3||+3.8|
|Socialist Alliance||Stewart Smyth||272||0.6||-|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Munisamy||6,069||10.5||-7.2|
|UKIP||A. L. Harris||455||0.8||-|
|Natural Law||Moira Hamilton||281||0.5||-|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+11.5|
|Labour||Kevin E. Stephens||23,801||36.8||+7.2|
|Liberal Democrat||John M. Sewell||10,978||17.0||−3.7|
Elections in the 1980s
|Labour||C. W. V. Hinds||14,698||26.2||−9.8|
|Social Democratic||M. Golder||13,499||24.0||+9.7|
Elections in the 1970s
|Labour||M. D. Golder||18,747||36.3||−2.6|
|Liberal||D. G. Halford||7,213||14.0||−1.0|
|National Front||R. Morgan||527||1.0||-|
|Liberal||D. G. Halford||7,357||15.0||−4.6|
|Labour||A. E. Pegler||18,215||35.2||−9.6|
|Powell Conservative||B. Gordon-Storkey||366||0.7||-|
|Liberal||James P. Heppell||3,935||8.5||−6.7|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+7.2|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Christopher J. J. Balfour||15,678||36.3||+0.3|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||H. D. Keith Scott||16,679||38.4||+9.8|
|Liberal||Patrick Herbert Lort-Phillips||7,336||16.9||−3.2|
|Conservative||F. J. V. H. Dashwood||10,521||28.6||−20.5|
|Liberal||Patrick Herbert Lort-Phillips||7,393||20.1||-|
|Liberal||Gordon E Payne||3,292||7.6||−7.6|
|Conservative and National Liberal||Anthony Kershaw||15,708||37.1||N/A|
|Liberal||Harold Arthur Guy||6,444||15.2||N/A|
Election in the 1940s
|Liberal||Harold Arthur Guy||5,338||17.9||-|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+13.0|
Elections in the 1930s
Elections in the 1920s
|Liberal||Thomas Worrall Casey||6,589||23.4||+7.2|
|Labour||M. Philips Price||8,005||36.2||+0.5|
|Labour||M. Philips Price||8,127||35.7||−0.3|
|Labour||M. Philips Price||7,871||36.0||+18.8|
Elections in the 1910s
|Liberal||Thomas Henry Mordey||5,246||31.6||N/A|
|Labour||William Levason Edwards||2,860||17.3||N/A|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Liberal||H. F. B. Lynch||3,899||50.0||+0.8|
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal Unionist||Pandeli Ralli||3,044||48.2||-5.7|
|Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist||Swing||+5.7|
Elections in the 1890s
|Liberal Unionist||Charles James Monk||3,264||53.9||+4.6|
|Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+4.6|
|Liberal Unionist||Charles James Monk||2,800||49.3||+2.0|
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative||William Killigrew Wait||1,726||43.7||+0.3|
|Liberal||Charles James Monk||2,680||27.7||+2.0|
|Conservative||William Killigrew Wait||2,304||23.8||−2.7|
|Conservative||Benjamin St John Ackers||1,898||19.6||−3.5|
|Turnout||4,840 (est)||86.7 (est)||+3.4|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.5|
- A petition was raised against the election of Robinson and Monk, leading to Robinson's election being made void. Although the petition against Monk was dismissed, the writ was suspended and Monk became the only MP for the constituency.
Elections in the 1870s
|Conservative||William Killigrew Wait||2,132||26.5||+4.4|
|Liberal||Charles James Monk||2,070||25.7||−2.2|
|Liberal||John Joseph Powell||1,990||24.7||−3.4|
|Turnout||4,029 (est)||83.3 (est)||+5.8|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+3.9|
|Conservative||William Killigrew Wait||1,850||51.1||+7.1|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+7.1|
- Caused by Price's resignation after being appointed a railway commissioner.
Elections in the 1860s
|Liberal||William Philip Price||1,933||28.1||−8.2|
|Liberal||Charles James Monk||1,922||27.9||−5.0|
|Conservative||William Nassau Lees||1,520||22.1||+6.7|
|Conservative||Edward John Brennan||1,504||21.9||+6.5|
|Turnout||3,440 (est)||77.5 (est)||−12.3|
|Liberal||William Philip Price||854||36.3||−0.7|
|Liberal||Charles James Monk||774||32.9||−2.8|
|Conservative||Adam Steinmetz Kennard||726||30.8||+3.5|
|Turnout||1,540 (est)||89.8 (est)||+9.1|
|Liberal||John Joseph Powell||Unopposed|
- Caused by Powell's appointment as Recorder of Wolverhampton.
|Liberal||John Joseph Powell||716||33.1||−2.6|
|Turnout||1,426 (est)||81.8 (est)||+1.1|
- Caused by the previous election being declared void on petition "by reason of extensive corruption".
Elections in the 1850s
|Liberal||William Philip Price||807||37.0||+3.9|
|Liberal||Charles James Monk||779||35.7||+3.0|
|Turnout||1,388 (est)||80.7 (est)||−2.8|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.2|
|Radical||William Philip Price||717||33.1||−1.9|
|Turnout||1,456 (est)||83.5 (est)||−13.3|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+1.3|
|Radical||William Philip Price||Unopposed|
- Caused by Price seeking re-election after resigning to accept a contract for supplying huts to the army in the Crimea.
|Conservative||Henry Thomas Hope||670||46.8||+14.8|
- Caused by Berkeley's appointment as a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty.
|Radical||William Philip Price||831||35.0||N/A|
|Conservative||Henry Thomas Hope||760||32.0||N/A|
|Turnout||1,569 (est)||96.8 (est)||N/A|
|Radical gain from Conservative|
Elections in the 1840s
|Conservative||Henry Thomas Hope||Unopposed|
|Conservative gain from Liberal|
- Appointment of Berkeley as a Naval Lord of the Admiralty
|Conservative||Henry Thomas Hope||646||24.5|
|Conservative||John Henry Loftus||510||19.3|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1830s
- Hope seeks re-election after election petition against him had been dismissed.
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+8.9|
- Appointment of Berkeley as a Naval Lord of the Admiralty
|Whig win (new seat)|
|Whig win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on November 6, 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 1)
- Lenthall was also elected for Oxfordshire. Cobbett's recording of William Lenthall as elected for Gloucester may be an error, as his son John sat for the city both before and after this Parliament.
- Major-General John Desborough elected but was also elected for Somerset. Chose Somerset and was replaced by James Stephens
- At the election of 1727 there was a double return, but two of the candidates returned, Matthew Ducie Moreton and Thomas Chester waived their rights and Bathurst and Selwyn were declared duly elected.
- Created a baronet, 1784
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S., ed. The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 116–119. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 183. Retrieved 5 November 2018 – via Google Books.
- Mosse, Richard Bartholomew (1838). The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. p. 213. Retrieved 5 November 2018 – via Google Books.
- Lambert, Andrew (2004). "Berkeley, Sir Maurice Frederick Fitzhardinge, first Baron Fitzhardinge (1788–1867)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
- Beeler, John (2017). "'A Whig Private Secretary is in itself fatal': Benjamin Disraeli, Lord Derby, Party Politics and Naval Administration, 1852". In Shirley, Michael H.; Larson, Todd E. A. Splendidly Victorian: Essays in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century British History in Honour of Walter L. Arnstein. Routledge. p. 159. ISBN 9781351788182. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
- The Spectator, Volume 10. F. C. Westley. 1837. p. 313. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
- Hall, Catherine; Draper, Nicholas; McClelland, Keith; Donington, Katie; Lang, Rachel (2014). "Appendix 4: MPs 1832-80 in the compensation records". Legacies of British Slave-ownership: Colonial Slavery and the Formation of Victorian Britain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 294. ISBN 978-1-107-04005-2.
- Gloucestershire Chronicle. 17 July 1852. p. 3 https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000393/18520717/051/0003. Retrieved 12 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Missing or empty
- "The Elections". London Evening Standard. 2 July 1852. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 12 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- Cheltenham Examiner. 14 July 1852. p. 3 https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0002212/18520714/027/0003. Retrieved 12 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Missing or empty
- On petition, the 1859 election was declared void, the writ was suspended, and a Royal Commission appointed to investigate. After the Commission reported, the writ was restorted and a by-election held to fill the vacant seats.
- On petition, Robinson's election was declared void, the writ was suspended and a Royal Commission appointed to investigate
- Gloucester, 1835–1985: Parliamentary representation, A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 4: The City of Gloucester (1988), pp. 205-209. Date accessed: 22 April 2009
- Stilliard, Ed (30 January 2018). "How this woman plans to become Gloucester's next MP". Gloucestershire Live. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
- Staff Reporter (24 August 2018). "Party's candidate is revealed for election". Gloucester Review. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
- "General Election 2017: Every candidate we know is standing so far in Gloucestershire". GloucestershireLive. 2 May 2017. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
- "Every candidate standing in your constituency for the General Election". GloucestershireLive. 20 May 2017. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- http://democracy.gloucester.gov.uk/committee/mgElectionAreaResults.aspx?ID=88&RPID=5473411 19 June 2015
- Wain, Julian (20 April 2010). "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). Acting Returning Officer. Gloucester City Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
- Percentage change and swing for 2010 is calculated relative to the PA (Rallings and Thrasher) 2005 notional result, not actual 2005 result "Press Association Elections". Press Association. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
- Percentage change and swing for 1997 is calculated relative to the Rallings and Thrasher 1992 notional constituency result, not actual 1992 result. See C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- Percentage change and swing for 1983 is calculated relative to the BBC/ITN 1979 notional constituency result, not actual 1979 result. See British Broadcasting Corporation; Independent Television News. The BBC/ITN Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies (Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services 1983)
- Percentage change and swing for February 1974 is calculated relative to the BBC notional 1970 constituency result, not actual 1970 result. Notional 1970 results were rounded to the nearest hundred. Constituency data for 1974-83 including 1970 notionals, retrieved 18 July 2017
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1964.
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1950.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- "Gloucester Nominations". Gloucestershire Echo. 2 Dec 1910. p. 4. Retrieved 27 November 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- "General Election". Gloucester Citizen. 25 Sep 1900. p. 3. Retrieved 27 November 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Meetings of Liberal Workers". Gloucester Journal. 6 Jul 1895. p. 8. Retrieved 27 November 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- "The General Election". Gloucester Citizen. 29 Jun 1886. p. 3. Retrieved 27 November 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 131–132. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- Williams, William Retlaw (1898). The parliamentary history of the county of Gloucester, including the cities of Bristol and Gloucester, and the boroughs of Cheltenham, Cirencester, Stroud, and Tewkesbury, from the earliest times to the present day, 1213-1898. Hereford: Jakeman and Carver. p. 220.
- Gloucester Journal. 5 December 1868. p. 4 https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000532/18681205/058/0004. Retrieved 13 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). Missing or empty
- "New elections". The Scotsman. 26 February 1862. p. 2. Retrieved 13 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- Herbert, N.M. (editor) (1988). "Gloucester, 1835–1985: Parliamentary representation". A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 4: The City of Gloucester. pp. 205–209. Retrieved 23 September 2008.
- Williams, W. R., Parliamentary History of Co. of Gloucester, Hereford, 1898
- Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) 
- D. Brunton & D. H. Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
- F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
- F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949 (Glasgow: Political Reference Publications, 1969)
- F. W. S. Craig, British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2 ed.). (Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
- Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988) 
- Lewis Namier & John Brooke, The History of Parliament: The House of Commons 1754–1790 (London: HMSO, 1964)
- J. E. Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
- J. Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 – England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
- Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847 (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig – Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)