Gloucestershire (UK Parliament constituency)

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Gloucestershire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1290–1832
Number of members two

The constituency of Gloucestershire was a UK Parliamentary constituency. After it was abolished under the 1832 Electoral Reform Act, two new constituencies, West Gloucestershire and East Gloucestershire, were created.

Gloucestershire was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Knights of the Shire.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency consisted of the historic county of Gloucestershire, excluding the part of the city of Bristol in the geographical county. Bristol had the status of a county of itself after 1373. Although Gloucestershire contained a number of other parliamentary boroughs, each of which elected two MPs in its own right for part of the period when Gloucestershire was a constituency, these were not excluded from the county constituency. Owning property within such boroughs could confer a vote at the county election. This was not the case, though, for Bristol.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Roman numerals are used to differentiate MPs with the same name, who are not holders of a title with different succession numbers. It is not suggested that the people involved would have used Roman numerals in this way.

1290-1339[edit]

Constituency created (1290)

1340–1385[edit]

1386-1421[edit]

(Source: Roskell, 1992)[2]

Election First Member Second Member
1386 Sir Thomas FitzNichol William Hervy
1388(Feb) Sir John Berkeley William Hayberer
1388(Sept) Sir John Berkeley Sir Laurence Sebrooke
1390(Jan) Sir John Cheyne Sir Laurence Sebrooke
1390(Nov) Sir Gilbert Denys Thomas Berkeley
1391 Sir Maurice Berkeley Robert Whittington
1393 Sir John Cheyne Sir Thomas FitzNichol
1394 Sir John Cheyne Sir Henry de la River
1395 Sir Thomas FitzNichol Sir Gilbert Denys
1397(Jan) Sir Thomas Butler Sir John Berkeley
1397(Sept) Hugh Mortimer John Browning
1399 Sir John Cheyne Sir Thomas FitzNichol
1401 John Browning Sir Thomas FitzNichol
1402 Sir Maurice Russell Sir Thomas FitzNichol
1404(Jan) Sir Maurice Russell Robert Whittington
1404(Oct) Richard Mawarden James Clifford
1406 Sir Thomas FitzNichol Robert Whittington
1407 Sir Thomas FitzNichol Thomas Mille
1410 Sir John Drayton unknown
1411 Thomas Mille Robert Whittington
1413(Feb) unknown unknown
1413(May) Sir Thomas FitzNichol Sir John Pauncefoot
1414(April) Robert Whittington John Greville
1414(Nov) Sir Thomas FitzNichol John Browning
1415 Sir Thomas FitzNichol Robert Poyntz
1416(Mar) unknown unknown
1416(Oct) unknown unknown
1417 Robert Poyntz Robert Greyndore
1419 John Greville William Tracy
1420 Robert Greyndore Guy Whittington
1421(May) John Greville Guy Whittington
1421(Dec) (Sir) John Blaket Sir John Pauncefoot

1422-1508[edit]

Parliament First Member Second Member
1422 (Oct) John Grevell Robert Stranshawe [1]
1423 (Oct) John Grevell Robert Stranshawe [1]
1425 (Apr) Sir Maurice Berkeley John Grevell [1]
1426 (Jan) Robert Stranshawe Robert Greyndore [1]
1427 (Sep) John Grevell Guy Whittington [1]
1429 (July) John Langley ?
1430 (Dec) Nicholas Poyntz Giles Brugges or Bridges [1]
1432 (Apr) John Langley Guy Whittington [1]
1433 (Jun) Robert Greyndore Robert Stranshawe [1]
1435 (Jul) John Langley Thomas Mill [1]
1436 (Dec) John Langley John Cassy [1]
1442 (Jan) William Tracy John Langley [1]
1447 (Jan) Thomas Pauncefoot John Cassy [1]
1449 (Jan) Thomas Mill Thomas Pauncefoot [1]
1449 (Oct) William Gyfford Thomas Derehurst [1]
1450 (Oct) John Barre John Kemmyse [1]
1455 (Jun) Giles Brugges or Bridges William Whittington [1]
1460 (Sep) Thomas Yonge Thomas Bridges [1]
1467 (May) Maurice Berkeley Thomas Herbert senior[1]
1472 (Aug) Sir Richard Beauchamp Thomas Lymryk [1]
1476 John Twynyho[3]
1478 (Jan) Thomas Cokesey John Twynyho [1]
1491 (Sep) Sir Edmond Montfort Thomas Morton [1]

1509-1558[edit]

(Source: Bindoff (1982))[4]

Parliament of 1510-23 No names known No names known
Parliament of 1529 Sir William Kingston Sir John Brydges
Parliament of 1536 Not known Not known
Parliament of 1539 Sir William Kingston Anthony Kingston
Parliament of 1542 ?Sir Anthony Kingston Not known
Parliament of 1545 Sir Anthony Kingston Nicholas Arnold
Parliament of 1547 Sir Anthony Kingston Sir Nicholas Poyntz
Parliament of 1553(Mar) Sir Anthony Kingston Sir Nicholas Arnold
Parliament of 1553(Oct) Sir Edmund Brydges Sir Anthony Hungerford
Parliament of 1554(Apr) Sir Giles Poole Nicholas Wykes
Parliament of 1554(Nov) Arthur Porter William Rede
Parliament of 1555 Sir Anthony Kingston Sir Nicholas Arnold
Parliament of 1558 Sir Henry Jerningham Sir Walter Denys

1559-1639[edit]

Parliament First Member Second Member
1563 (Jan) Nicholas Welshe or Walsh Richard Denys [1]
1571 (Apr) Sir Giles Poole Sir Nicholas Poyntz [1]
1572 (Apr) Hon. Giles Bridges Sir Nicholas Arnold [1]
1576 Thomas Chester
1581 Sir Thomas Porter
1584 (Nov) Sir John Darcy Hon. William Bruges or Bridges [1]
1586 (Oct) Hon. William Bridges Sir William Wynter [1]
1588 (Dec) Sir Thomas Throckmorton Edward Wynter [1]
1593 (Jan) Sir Henry Poole Sir John Pointz [1]
1597 (Sep) Sir John Tracy Sir John Hungerford [1]
1601 (Sep) Sir Edward Wynter John Throckmorton[1]
1604 (Mar) Hon. Sir Thomas Berkeley Sir Richard Berkeley, died in office
and replaced 30 May 1604 by
John Throckmorton [1]
1614 (Mar) Sir William Cooke Richard Berkeley [1]
1620 (Dec) Sir Robert Tracy Maurice Berkeley [1]
1624 (Feb) Sir Thomas Estcourt, died in office
and replaced 20 Oct 1624 by
Sir Maurice Berkeley
John Dutton [1]
1625(May) Sir Maurice Berkeley John Dutton [1]
1626 (Jan) Sir Robert Tracy Sir Robert Pointz [1]
1628 (Mar) Sir Robert Pointz Nathaniel Stephens [1]
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

1640-1832[edit]

Election First member First party Second member Second party
1640, April Sir Robert Tracy Royalist Sir Robert Cooke Parliamentarian
1640, November Nathaniel Stephens Parliamentarian John Dutton 1 Royalist
c. 1644 Sir John Seymour 2 Parliamentarian
Gloucestershire's representation was increased to 3 nominated MPs in Barebones Parliament
1653 John Crofts; William Neast; Robert Holmes
Gloucestershire's representation was increased to 5 elected MPs in the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1654 George Berkeley; Matthew Hale; John Howe; Christopher Guise; Sylvanus Wood
1656 George Berkeley; John Howe; John Crofts; Baynham Throckmorton; William Neast
Gloucestershire's representation was decreased to 2 MPs in the Third Parliament of the Protectorate and thereafter
1659, January John Grobham Howe I John Stephens
1659, May unknown unknown
1660, April 18 Edward Stephens Matthew Hale
1661, April 17 John Grobham Howe I Sir Baynham Throckmorton, 2nd Bt 3
1664, December 21 Sir Baynham Throckmorton, 3rd Bt
1679, February 26 Sir John Guise, 2nd Bt Sir Ralph Dutton, Bt
1685, March 18 Marquess of Worcester Sir Robert Atkyns
1689, January 18 Sir John Guise, 2nd Bt Whig Sir Ralph Dutton, Bt Whig
1695, December 11 Thomas Stephens I Whig
1698, August 3 John Grobham Howe II Tory Sir Richard Cocks, Bt Whig
1701, December 3 Maynard Colchester Whig
1702, August 6 John Grobham Howe II Tory
1705, May 16 Sir John Guise, 3rd Bt Whig
1708, May 12 Matthew Ducie Moreton Whig
1710, October 25 John Symes Berkeley Tory
1713, September 23 Thomas Stephens II Whig
1715, February 9 Matthew Ducie Moreton Whig
1720, March 30 Hon. Henry Berkeley
1720, June 22 Edmund Bray
1722, March 28 Kinard de la Bere
1727, September 6 Sir John Dutton, Bt
1734, May 8 Thomas Chester Benjamin Bathurst
1741, May 12 Norborne Berkeley
1763, April 27 Thomas Tracy
1763, November 23 Edward Southwell
1770, August 6 Sir William Guise, Bt
1776, May 6 William Bromley-Chester Tory 4
1781, January 24 James Dutton
1783, April 28 Hon. George Cranfield Berkeley Whig 5
1784, April 12 Thomas Master Tory 5
1796, June 2 Marquess of Worcester Tory
1803, November 14 Lord Edward Somerset Tory
1810, May 18 Viscount Dursley
1811, February 7 Sir Berkeley Guise, Bt Whig
1831, May 10 Hon. Henry George Francis Moreton Whig
Constituency abolished (1832)

Notes:-

  • 1 Dutton was disabled from sitting for adhering to the King and joining the King's Oxford Parliament, c. 1644.
  • 2 Seymour was excluded from Parliament by the Army, c. 1648.
  • 3 Father of the Baynham Throckmorton elected in 1656 and 1664.
  • 4 Stooks Smith classifies Bromley-Chester as Tory in the 1776 by-election, but gives no label in subsequent elections.
  • 5 Stooks Smith classifies Berkeley as Whig in the 1776 by-election (which he lost), but gives no label in subsequent elections before the general election of 1790. Both Berkeley and Master are classified by party from 1790.

Elections[edit]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv "The parliamentary history of the county of Gloucester". Internet Archive. Retrieved 2011-03-24. 
  2. ^ Roskell, J.S. (ed.), The History of Parliament; The House of Commons 1386-1421, 4 vols., Stroud, 1992. Vol.1, p.398
  3. ^ Holt, Anne D., & Wedgwood, Josiah Clement, History of Parliament: Biographies of the Members of the Commons House, 1439–1509, Vol. 1, London: HMSO, 1936-1938, p.886-7, biography of John Twynyho
  4. ^ Bindoff S.T. (ed.) The History of Parliament: The House of Commons 1509-1558, London, 1982, pp.91-92