Gloucestershire County Cricket Club
|Home ground:||Bristol County Ground|
|Capacity:||7,500 – 17,500|
at Durdham Down, Bristol
|Championship wins:||0 (unofficial Champion County 4 times)|
|One-Day Cup wins:||2015|
|Pro40/ECB 40 wins:||2000|
|FP Trophy/NatWest Trophy wins:||
|Benson & Hedges Cup wins:||
Gloucestershire County Cricket Club is one of eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales. It represents the historic county of Gloucestershire. There is uncertainty about the exact date of the club's foundation, due to a merger with another club, but 1870 is generally accepted. The club played its first major match in June of that year. It was founded by the Grace family and W. G. was its first team captain. With that association, Gloucestershire has had major status since inception: i.e., classified as an unofficial first-class team by substantial sources from 1870 to 1894; classified as an official first-class team from 1895 by Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and the County Championship clubs; classified as a List A team since the beginning of limited overs cricket in 1963; and classified as a major Twenty20 team since 2003.
The club plays its home games at its headquarters, the Bristol County Ground, in the Bishopston area of north Bristol. Each season a number of games are also played at the Cheltenham cricket festival held at the College Ground, Cheltenham. In recent years, matches have also been played at the Gloucester cricket festival at The King's School, Gloucester.
Gloucestershire CCC is best known as the county of W. G. Grace, whose father founded the club, and Wally Hammond, who scored 113 hundreds for the county. The club has had two notable periods of success: first, in the 1870s when it was unofficially acclaimed as the Champion County on at least three occasions; more recently, from 1999 to 2006 during which it won nine limited overs trophies, winning a "double double" in 1999 and 2000 (both the Benson and Hedges Cup and the C&G Trophy, in both seasons), while also winning the Sunday League in 2000.
The club's traditional badge is the coat of arms of the City of Bristol, the club's home since being founded in 1870.
- 1 Honours
- 2 Earliest cricket
- 3 Origin of club
- 4 Club history
- 5 Rivalries
- 6 Grounds
- 7 Players
- 8 International players
- 9 Club captains
- 10 Records
- 11 Shirt sponsors
- 12 References
- 13 External links
- 14 Bibliography
First XI honours
- Champion County (3) – 1874, 1876, 1877; shared (1) – 1873
- County Championship (0)
- Runners-Up (6) – 1930, 1931, 1947, 1959, 1969, 1986
- 2 Divisions since 2000 (2000–2003 D2, 2003–2005 D1, 2006– D2)
- Division 2 – 2003 – 3rd – Promoted to Division 1, 2005 – Relegated to Division 2
- Royal London One-Day Cup (1) – 2015
- Gillette/NatWest/C&G Trophy (5) – 1973, 1999, 2000, 2003, 2004,
- Semi-Finalists (6) – 1968, 1971, 1975, 1987, 1988, 2009
- Sunday/National League/Pro40 (1) – 2000
- Division Two (2) – 2002, 2006
- Twenty20 Cup
- Finalists (1) – 2007
- Semi-Finalists (1) – 2003
- Benson & Hedges Cup (3) – 1977, 1999, 2000
- Finalists (1) – 2001
- Semi-Finalists (1) – 1972
Second XI honours
- Second XI Championship (1) – 1959
Cricket probably reached Gloucestershire by the end of the 17th century. It is known that the related sport of "Stow-Ball" aka "Stob-Ball" was played in the county during the 16th century. In this game, the bat was called a "stave". See Alice B Gomme : The Traditional Games of England, Scotland and Ireland.
A game in Gloucester on 22 September 1729 is the earliest definite reference to cricket in the county. From then until the founding of the county club, very little has been found outside parish cricket.
Origin of club
In the early 1840s, Dr Henry Grace and his brother-in-law Alfred Pocock founded the Mangotsfield Cricket Club which merged in 1846 with the West Gloucestershire Cricket Club, whose name was adopted until 1867, after which it became the Gloucestershire County Cricket Club. Grace hoped that Gloucestershire would join the first-class county clubs but the situation was complicated in 1863 by the formation of a rival club called the Cheltenham and Gloucestershire Cricket Club.
Dr Grace's club played Gloucestershire's initial first-class match versus Surrey at Durdham Down in Bristol on 2, 3 & 4 June 1870. Gloucestershire joined the (unofficial) County Championship at this time but the existence of the Cheltenham club seems to have forestalled the installation of its "constitutional trappings". The Cheltenham club was wound up in March 1871 and its chief officials accepted positions in the hierarchy of Gloucestershire. So, although the exact details and dates of the county club's foundation are uncertain, it has always been assumed that the year was 1870 and the club celebrated its centenary in 1970.
The early history of Gloucestershire is dominated by the Grace family, most notably W G Grace, who was the club's original captain and held that post until his departure for London in 1899. His brother E M Grace, although still an active player, was the original club secretary. With the Grace brothers and Billy Midwinter in their team, Gloucestershire won three Champion County titles in the 1870s.
Since then Gloucestershire's fortunes have been mixed and they have never won the official County Championship. They struggled in the pre-war years of the County Championship because their best batsmen, apart from Gilbert Jessop and briefly Charlie Townsend, were very rarely available. The bowling, except when Townsend did sensational things on sticky wickets in late 1895 and late 1898, was very weak until George Dennett emerged – then it had the fault of depending far too much on him. Wally Hammond, who still holds many of the county's batting records formed part of an occasionally strong inter-war team, although the highest championship finish during this period was second in 1930 and 1931, when Charlie Parker and Tom Goddard formed a devastating spin attack.
Dominance in one-day cricket (1999–2004)
Gloucestershire established a dynasty in one-day cricket in the late 1990s and early 2000s winning several titles under the captaincy of Mark Alleyne and coaching of John Bracewell. The club operated on a small budget and was famed as a team greater than the sum of its parts boasting few international stars. Gloucestershire's overall knockout record between 1999 and 2002 was phenomenal: 28 wins and seven losses from 37 games, including 16 wins from 18 at the Bristol County Ground.
The club's incredible run of success started by defeating arch-rivals and neighbours Somerset in the 1999 NatWest Trophy final at Lords. In 2000 Gloucestershire completed a hat-trick of one-day titles, winning all the domestic limited overs tournaments, the Benson and Hedges Cup, the C&G Trophy and the Sunday League in the same season. The club maintained its success winning the C&G Trophy in 2003 and 2004, beating Worcestershire in the final on both occasions.
Recent years (2006–present)
The club's captain for the 2006 season, Jon Lewis, became the first Gloucestershire player for nearly 10 years to play for England at Test Match level, when he was picked to represent his country in the Third Test against Sri Lanka at Trent Bridge in June 2006. His figures in the first innings were 3–68, including a wicket in his very first over in Test cricket, and he was widely praised for his debut performance.
Following the retirement of several key players, such as "Jack" Russell and Mark Alleyne, Gloucestershire's fortunes declined. The club subsequently stripped back its playing budget as it looked to finance the redevelopment of the Bristol County Ground in order to maintain Category B status and secure future international games at their home ground. Performances suffered and despite reaching the final of the 2007 Twenty20 Cup, losing narrowly to Kent, the club failed to win any major trophies for a decade.
In 2013 Gloucestershire stopped using 'Gloucestershire Gladiators' as its limited-overs name.
Gloucestershire CCC won their first major silverware for 11 years in 2015, overcoming favoured Surrey to win the Royal London One-Day Cup in the final at Lords. Captain Michael Klinger, who flew back from Australia to play in the semi-final win over Yorkshire, was named the tournament's MVP scoring 531 runs at an average of over 106.
Gloucestershire contest one of English cricket's fiercest rivalries, the West Country derby against Somerset, which usually draws the biggest crowd of the season for either team. Traditionally, the boundary between the counties is drawn by the River Avon. Although Gloucestershire CCC's home ground is in Bristol, which straddles the Avon (and has been a county in its own right since 1373), many people from south Bristol favour Somerset CCC despite the fact the club plays its home games much further away in Taunton. However, in the past Somerset have played first-class matches at venues in the south of Bristol.
The club's debut home match in first-class cricket was played at Durdham Down in the Clifton district of Bristol. This was the only time the county used this venue for a match. The following year Gloucestershire began to play matches at the Clifton College Close Ground in the grounds of Clifton College in the same part of the city, and this remained a regular venue for the county until the 1930s, hosting nearly 100 first-class matches. In 1872 the county used a venue outside Bristol for the first time when they played at the College Ground in the grounds of Cheltenham College. This venue has continued to be used regularly for the county's annual "Cheltenham festival" event, which in the modern era incorporates additional charity events and off-field entertainment. In 1889 Gloucestershire began to play matches at the Bristol County Ground in Bristol, which has subsequently served as the club's main headquarters and hosted the majority of the county's matches. It was here that the club played its first List A match in 1963 against Middlesex, and its first Twenty20 match forty years later against Worcestershire. Somerset have played first-class matches at other venues in the city.
In the 1920s Gloucestershire ceased playing at the Spa Ground in Gloucester, which had been in use since 1882, and switched to the Wagon Works Ground in the city. This ground remained in use for nearly 70 years, hosting over 150 first-class matches, before its use was discontinued in 1992. In 2012 the club investigated the possibility of returning to the Wagon Works Ground and making it their permanent headquarters after being refused permission for extensive redevelopment of the County Ground in Bristol, but ultimately this did not occur. In 1993, the club moved its base in Gloucester to Archdeacon Meadow, a ground owned by The King's School. This venue was only used for first-class matches until 2008 but was used for four Twenty20 matches in 2010 and 2011, the most recent county games to take place in the city. All subsequent matches have taken place in either Bristol or Cheltenham.
- No. denotes the player's squad number, as worn on the back of their shirt.
- denotes players with international caps.
- county cap (since 2004, awarded by Gloucestershire on a player's first-class debut). denotes a player who has been awarded a
|No.||Name||Nat||Birth date||Batting Style||Bowling Style||Notes|
|2||Michael Klinger*||Australia||4 July 1980||Right-handed||—||Overseas player
|4||William Tavaré*||England||1 January 1990||Right-handed||Right-arm medium|
|9||Hamish Marshall*||New Zealand||15 February 1979||Right-handed||Right-arm medium|
|15||Chris Dent*||England||20 January 1991||Left-handed||Slow left-arm orthodox|
|28||Ian Cockbain*||England||17 February 1987||Right-handed||Right-arm medium||Acting FC captain|
|—||Brandon Gilmour||England||11 April 1996||Left-handed||Right-arm medium|
|—||George Hankins||England||4 January 1997||Right-handed||Right-arm off break|
|10||Jack Taylor*||England||12 November 1991||Right-handed||Right-arm off break|
|11||Kieran Noema-Barnett*||New Zealand||4 June 1987||Left-handed||Right-arm medium||UK passport|
|13||Benny Howell*||England||5 October 1988||Right-handed||Right-arm medium-fast|
|34||Craig Miles*||England||20 July 1994||Right-handed||Right-arm medium|
|17||Gareth Roderick*||South Africa||28 August 1991||Right-handed||Right-arm medium|
|54||Peter Handscomb*||Australia||26 April 1991||Right-handed||—||UK passport|
|—||Patrick Grieshaber*||England||24 November 1996||Right-handed||—|
|6||Tom Smith*||England||29 August 1987||Right-handed||Slow left-arm orthodox|
|14||David Payne*||England||15 February 1991||Left-handed||Left-arm fast-medium|
|16||Tom Hampton*||England||5 October 1990||Right-handed||Right-arm medium-fast|
|24||Liam Norwell*||England||27 December 1991||Right-handed||Right-arm medium|
|36||Matthew Taylor*||England||8 July 1994||Right-handed||Left-arm medium-fast|
|68||Andrew Tye||Australia||12 December 1986||Right-handed||Right-arm medium-fast||T20 Only|
|88||Miles Hammond*||England||11 January 1996||Left-handed||Right-arm off break|
|—||Chris Liddle||England||1 February 1984||Right-handed||Left-arm medium-fast|
Among the international players who have represented Gloucestershire are:
- W G Grace
- E M Grace
- Fred Grace
- Billy Midwinter
- Gilbert Jessop
- Charlie Parker
- Wally Hammond
- Tom Goddard
- Sam Cook
- Tom Graveney
- Arthur Milton
- Mike Procter
- Zaheer Abbas
- Sadiq Mohammad
- Courtney Walsh
- David Lawrence
- Jack Russell
- Javagal Srinath
- Malinga Bandara
- Marcus North
- Aaron Redmond
- Ian Butler
- Hamish Marshall
- James Franklin
- Kane Williamson
- Rob Nicol
- Muttiah Muralitharan
- Ed Cowan
- Dan Christian
Most first-class runs for Gloucestershire
Most first-class wickets for Gloucestershire
- Highest Total For – 695–9 declared v Middlesex at Archdeacon Meadow, Gloucester 2004
- Highest Total Against – 774–7 declared by the Australians at Bristol 1948
- Lowest Total For – 17 v the Australians at Cheltenham (Spa) 1896
- Lowest Total Against – 12 by Northamptonshire at Gloucester 1907
- Highest Score – 341 Craig Spearman v Middlesex at Gloucester in 2004
- Most Runs in Season – 2860 WR Hammond in 1933
- Most Runs in Career – 33664 WR Hammond 1920–1951
- Most Hundreds in Career – 113 WR Hammond 1920–1951
Best Partnership for each wicket
- 1st – 395 DM Young & RB Nicholls v Oxford University at Oxford 1962
- 2nd – 256 CTM Pugh & TW Graveney v Derbyshire at Chesterfield 1960
- 3rd – 392 APR Gidman & GH Roderick v Leicestershire at Bristol 2014
- 4th – 321 WR Hammond & WL Neale v Leicestershire at Gloucester 1937
- 5th – 261 WG Grace & WO Moberly v Yorkshire at Cheltenham 1876
- 6th – 320 GL Jessop & JH Board v Sussex at Hove 1903
- 7th – 248 WG Grace & EL Thomas v Sussex at Hove 1896
- 8th – 239 WR Hammond & AE Wilson v Lancashire at Bristol 1938
- 9th – 193 WG Grace & SAP Kitcat v Sussex at Bristol 1896
- 10th – 137 LC Norwell & CN Miles v Worcestershire at Cheltenham 2014
- Best Bowling – 10–40 EG Dennett v Essex at Bristol 1906
- Best Match Bowling – 17–56 CWL Parker v Essex at Gloucester 1925
- Wickets in Season – 222 TWJ Goddard in 1937 and 1947
- Wickets in Career – 3170 CWL Parker 1903–1935
One Day / T20 Cricket
|Season||Kit Supplier||Kit Sponsor|
- ACS (1981). A Guide to Important Cricket Matches Played in the British Isles 1709 – 1863. Nottingham: ACS.
- ACS (1982). A Guide to First-Class Cricket Matches Played in the British Isles. Nottingham: ACS.
- Birley, p. 145.
- "List A events played by Gloucestershire". CricketArchive. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
- "Twenty20 events played by Gloucestershire". CricketArchive. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
- An unofficial seasonal title sometimes proclaimed by consensus of media and historians prior to December 1889 when the official County Championship was constituted. Although there are ante-dated claims prior to 1873, when residence qualifications were introduced, it is only since that ruling that any quasi-official status can be ascribed.
- Rae, p.89.
- CricketArchive – match scorecard. Retrieved on 24 November 2008.
- Cricinfo - Reliving Gloucestershire's limited-overs glory days.
- "Swinging onto centre stage". Andrew Miller (ESPNcricinfo). 2 June 2006. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
- "Kent take Twenty20 in thrilling final". Andrew McGlashan (ESPNcricinfo). 4 August 2007. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
- "Talking Point: Should Gloucestershire County Cricket Club change their name?". Pete Orchard. Gloucestershire Echo. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- ECB - Klinger completes MVP double.
- "First-Class Matches played on Knowle Cricket Club Ground, Bristol (3)". CricketArchive. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- "First-Class Matches played on Imperial Athletic Ground, Bristol (9)". CricketArchive. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- "First-Class Matches played by Gloucestershire". CricketArchive. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- "First-Class Matches played on Durdham Down, Clifton (1)". CricketArchive. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- "Plans unveiled for 2015 Brewin Dolphin Cheltenham Cricket Festival". Bristol Post. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
- "Gloucestershire's future in doubt". ESPNcricinfo. 11 January 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
- "Scorecard - Gloucestershire CCC vs Worcestershire CCC, 21-24 July 2014". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gloucestershire County Cricket Club.|
- H S Altham, A History of Cricket, Volume 1 (to 1914), George Allen & Unwin, 1962
- Derek Birley, A Social History of English Cricket, Aurum, 1999
- Rowland Bowen, Cricket: A History of its Growth and Development, Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1970
- Simon Rae, W G Grace, Faber & Faber, 1998
- J R Webber, The Chronicle Of W.G., The Association Of Cricket Statisticians and Historians, 1998
- Roy Webber, The Playfair Book of Cricket Records, Playfair Books, 1951
- Playfair Cricket Annual – various editions
- Wisden Cricketers' Almanack – various editions