Gloydius saxatilis

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Gloydius saxatilis
Gloydius Saxatilis.jpg
Juvenile Sobaeksan National Park, S. Korea
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Gloydius
Species: G. saxatilis
Binomial name
Gloydius saxatilis
(Emelianov, 1937)
  • Trigonocephalus intermedius Strauch, 1868 (part)
  • Trigonocephalus intermedius – Strauch, 1873 (part)
  • Ancistrodon intermedius
    Boulenger, 1896 (part)
  • Agkistrodon blomhoffii intermedius
    Stejneger, 1907 (part)
  • Ancistrodon halys intermedius
    Nikolsky, 1916 (part)
  • Agkistrodon halys intermedius
    – Stejneger, 1925 (part)
  • Ancistrodon halys intermedius
    – Emelianov, 1929 (part)
  • Agkistrodon halys intermedius Maki, 1931 (part)
  • Ancistrodon halys stejnegeri Rendahl, 1933 (part)
  • Agkistrodon halys
    Pope, 1935 (part)
  • Agkistrodon halys
    Okada, 1935 (part)
  • Ancistrodon saxatilis Emelianov, 1937
  • Agkistrodon saxatilis
    Gloyd, 1972
  • Agkistrodon shedoaensis continentalis Zhao, 1980
  • Gloydius saxatilis
    Hoge & Romano-Hoge, 1981
  • Agkistrodon intermedius saxatilis
    – Gloyd & Conant, 1982
  • Agkistrodon saxatilis
    – Zhao & Adler, 1993
  • Gloydius saxatilis – McDiarmid, Campbell & Touré, 1999[2]
Common names: Amur viper,[3] rock mamushi.[4]

Gloydius saxatilis is a venomous pitviper species endemic to Russia, China and the Korean Peninsula. No subspecies are currently recognized.[5]


It has a thicker body than other vipers. The top of the head has an inverted V-shaped marking, and lacks the white line markings of other vipers.


They can be found in the mountains, often near streams and in forests.


The specific name, saxatilis, means "found among rocks".

Geographic range[edit]

Found in Russia (eastern Siberia), northeastern China and North and South Korea.[1] Chernov (1934) proposed that the type locality be restricted to the "Suchan River (in Primorskiy Kray)".[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Guo, P. (2010). "Gloydius saxatilis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  2. ^ a b McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  3. ^ Mehrtens JM. 1987. Living Snakes of the World in Color. New York: Sterling Publishers. 480 pp. ISBN 0-8069-6460-X.
  4. ^ Gloyd HK, Conant R. 1990. Snakes of the Agkistrodon Complex: A Monographic Review. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. 614 pp. 52 plates. LCCN 89-50342. ISBN 0-916984-20-6.
  5. ^ "Gloydius saxatilis". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 20 May 2007. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Soo In Kim, Keun Sik Kim, Hong Sung Kim, Doo Sik Kim, Yangsoo Jang, Kwang Hoe Chung, Yong Serk Park. 2003. Inhibitory Effect of the Salmosin Gene Transferred by Cationic Liposomes on the Progression of B16BL6 Tumors. American Association for Cancer Research 63, 6458-6462. HTML version at American Association for Cancer Research. Accessed 20 May 2007.
  • Yoon-Jung Jang, Ok-Hee Jeon, Doo-Sik Kim. 2007. Saxatilin, a Snake Venom Disintegrin, Regulates Platelet Activation Associated with Human Vascular Endothelial Cell Migration and Invasion. Journal of Vascular Research, Vol. 44, No. 2. HTML and PDF versions at Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers. Accessed 20 May 2007.

External links[edit]