This enzyme belongs to the family of ligases, to be specific those forming carbon-oxygen bonds in aminoacyl-tRNA and related compounds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-glutamine:tRNAGln ligase (AMP-forming). Other names in common use include glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase, glutaminyl-transfer RNA synthetase, glutaminyl-transfer ribonucleate synthetase, glutamine-tRNA synthetase, glutamine translase, glutamate-tRNA ligase, glutaminyl ribonucleic acid, and GlnRS. This enzyme participates in glutamate metabolism and aminoacyl-trna biosynthesis.
Ravel JM, Wang S, Heinemeyer C, Shive W (1965). "Glutamyl and glutaminyl ribonucleic acid synthetases of Escherichia coli W. Separation, properties, and stimulation of adenosine triphosphate-pyrophosphate exchange by acceptor ribonucleic acid". J. Biol. Chem. 240: 432–438. PMID14253448.