Glutathione dehydrogenase (ascorbate)

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glutathione dehydrogenase (ascorbate)
5evo.jpg
Dehydroascorbate reductase, Pennisetum americanum
Identifiers
EC number1.8.5.1
CAS number9026-38-4
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a glutathione dehydrogenase (ascorbate) (EC 1.8.5.1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

2 glutathione + dehydroascorbate glutathione disulfide + ascorbate

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are glutathione and dehydroascorbate, whereas its two products are glutathione disulfide and ascorbate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on a sulfur group of donors with a quinone or similar compound as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is glutathione:dehydroascorbate oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include dehydroascorbic reductase, dehydroascorbic acid reductase, glutathione dehydroascorbate reductase, DHA reductase, dehydroascorbate reductase, GDOR, and glutathione:dehydroascorbic acid oxidoreductase. This enzyme participates in 3 metabolic pathways: ascorbate and aldarate metabolism, glutamate metabolism, and glutathione metabolism.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, two structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 2HZE and 2HZF.

References[edit]

  • Crook EM (March 1941). "The system dehydroascorbic acid-glutathione". The Biochemical Journal. 35 (3): 226–36. doi:10.1042/bj0350226. PMC 1265488. PMID 16747320.