Gluteus medius muscle

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Gluteus medius
Gluteus medius muscle08.png
Position of gluteus medius muscle (shown in red). Posterior view.
Posterior Hip Muscles 3.PNG
The gluteus medius and nearby muscles.
Details
Origin Gluteal surface of ilium, under gluteus maximus
Insertion Greater trochanter of the femur
Artery superior gluteal artery
Nerve superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1 nerve roots)
Actions abduction of the hip; preventing adduction of the hip. Medial rotation of thigh.
Antagonist adductors
Identifiers
Latin musculus glutaeus medius
TA A04.7.02.007
FMA 22315
Anatomical terms of muscle

The gluteus medius one of the three gluteal muscles, is a broad, thick, radiating muscle, situated on the outer surface of the pelvis.

Its posterior third is covered by the gluteus maximus, its anterior two-thirds by the gluteal aponeurosis, which separates it from the superficial fascia and integument.

Structure[edit]

The gluteus medius muscle starts, or "originates," on the outer surface of the ilium between the iliac crest and the posterior gluteal line above, and the anterior gluteal line below; the gluteus medius also originates from the gluteal aponeurosis that covers its outer surface.

The fibers of the muscle converge into a strong flattened tendon that inserts on the lateral surface of the greater trochanter. More specifically, the muscle's tendon inserts into an oblique ridge that runs downward and forward on the lateral surface of the greater trochanter.

Relations[edit]

A bursa separates the tendon of the muscle from the surface of the trochanter over which it glides.

Variations[edit]

The posterior border may be more or less closely united to the piriformis, or some of the fibers end on its tendon.

The posterior fibres of gluteus medius contract to produce hip extension, lateral rotation and abduction. During gait, the posterior fibres help to decelerate internal rotation of the femur at the end of swing phase.

Function[edit]

• The anterior part acting alone helps to flex and internally rotate the hip.

• The posterior part acting alone helps to extend and externally rotate the hip.

• The anterior and posterior parts working together abduct the hip and stabilizes the pelvis in the coronal plane.[1]

Clinical significance[edit]

Dysfunction of the gluteus medius or the superior gluteal nerve can potentially be indicated by a positive Trendelenburg's sign.

Additional images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ Schünke, M., Schulte, E., Schumacher, U., Ross, L. M., & Lamperti, E. D. (2006). Thieme atlas of anatomy. Stuttgart: Thieme. page 424

External links[edit]