Glyceric acid

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Glyceric acid[1]
Glyceric acid.png
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
2,3-Dihydroxypropanoic acid
Other names
Glyceric acid
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.006.795 Edit this at Wikidata
UNII
  • InChI=1S/C3H6O4/c4-1-2(5)3(6)7/h2,4-5H,1H2,(H,6,7) ☒N
    Key: RBNPOMFGQQGHHO-UHFFFAOYSA-N ☒N
  • InChI=1/C3H6O4/c4-1-2(5)3(6)7/h2,4-5H,1H2,(H,6,7)
    Key: RBNPOMFGQQGHHO-UHFFFAOYAE
  • C(C(C(=O)O)O)O
Properties
C3H6O4
Molar mass 106.08 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Glyceric acid is a natural three-carbon sugar acid obtained from the oxidation of glycerol.

CH2OH-CHOH-CH2OH+O2→CH2OH-CHOH-COOH+H2O

Salts and esters of glyceric acid are known as glycerates.

Biochemistry[edit]

Several phosphate derivatives of glyceric acid, including 2-phosphoglyceric acid, 3-phosphoglyceric acid, 2,3-bisphosphoglyceric acid, and 1,3-bisphosphoglyceric acid, are important biochemical intermediates in glycolysis. [2]

3-phosphoglyceric acid is an important molecule for the biosynthesis of the amino acid serine, which in turn can be used in the synthesis of glycine and cysteine.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Merck Index, 11th Edition, 4378.
  2. ^ Reece, Jane B. (2009). Biology (8th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Pearson. pp. 168–169. ISBN 978-0-8053-6844-4.

2. J.Berg,J.L.Tymoczko,L.Stryer. Biochemistry,7th edition.