Glycine reductase

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
glycine reductase
Identifiers
EC number 1.21.4.2
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a glycine reductase (EC 1.21.4.2) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

acetyl phosphate + NH3 + thioredoxin disulfide + H2O glycine + phosphate + thioredoxin

The 4 substrates of this enzyme are acetyl phosphate, NH3, thioredoxin disulfide, and H2O, whereas its 3 products are glycine, phosphate, and thioredoxin.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, to be specific, those acting on X-H and Y-H to form an X-Y bond with a disulfide as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is acetyl-phosphate ammonia:thioredoxin disulfide oxidoreductase (glycine-forming).

References[edit]

  • Andreesen JR; Sonntag, D; Grimm, R; Pich, A; Eckerskorn, C; Söhling, B; Andreesen, JR (1999). "Substrate-specific selenoprotein B of glycine reductase from Eubacterium acidaminophilum. Biochemical and molecular analysis". Eur. J. Biochem. 260 (1): 38–49. doi:10.1046/j.1432-1327.1999.00107.x. PMID 10091582. 
  • Bednarski B, Andreesen JR, Pich A (2001). "In vitro processing of the proproteins GrdE of protein B of glycine reductase and PrdA of D-proline reductase from Clostridium sticklandii: formation of a pyruvoyl group from a cysteine residue". Eur. J. Biochem. 268 (12): 3538–44. doi:10.1046/j.1432-1327.2001.02257.x. PMID 11422384.