Glycosmis

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Glycosmis
Glycosmis pentaphylla 07.JPG
Glycosmis pentaphylla
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Clauseneae
Genus: Glycosmis
Corrêa
Species

see text

Glycosmis pentaphylla by Francisco Manuel Blanco

Glycosmis is a genus of flowering plants in the citrus family, Rutaceae.[1] It is in the subfamily Aurantioideae, which also includes genus Citrus. It is a genus of the subtribe Clauseninae, which are known technically as the remote citroid fruit trees.[2][3]

The distribution of the genus includes Southeast Asia and Australia.[2]

Description[edit]

Plants of the genus are shrubs and small trees. New growth is coated densely in rusty hairs. The leaves are simple blades or are divided into narrow leaflets, sometimes pinnately. The small flowers have five white petals and are borne in compound inflorescences. The fruit is a juicy or dry berry. Some species can be variable in appearance.[2]

Diversity[edit]

The genus Glycosmis is not well understood and many named species have not been adequately described.[2] Today there are about 35[3] to 50 species[4][5] included in the genus.

Species include:[1][3][5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Glycosmis. The Plant List. Accessed 30 July 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d Swingle, W. T., rev. P. C. Reece. Chapter 3: The Botany of Citrus and its Wild Relatives. In: The Citrus Industry vol. 1. Webber, H. J. (ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press. 1967.
  3. ^ a b c Citrus Variety Collection. College of Natural and Agricultural Sciences. University of California, Riverside.
  4. ^ Glycosmis. FloraBase. Western Australian Herbarium.
  5. ^ a b Glycosmis. Flora of China.
  6. ^ GRIN Species Records of Glycosmis. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).