Glynis Johns

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Glynis Johns
Glynis Johns - still.jpg
Johns in 1952
Born
Glynis Margaret Payne Johns

(1923-10-05) 5 October 1923 (age 99)
CitizenshipUnited Kingdom
South Africa
Education
Occupations
  • Actress
  • dancer
  • pianist
  • singer
Years active1923–1999
Spouse(s)
(m. 1942; div. 1948)

(m. 1952; div. 1956)

Cecil Henderson
(m. 1960; div. 1962)

(m. 1964; div. 1973)
ChildrenGareth Forwood
ParentMervyn Johns (father)
Relatives
Signature
Glynis Johns Signature.png

Glynis Margaret Payne Johns (born 5 October 1923)[1] is a British former actress, dancer, musician and singer. Recognised as a film and Broadway icon, Johns has a career spanning eight decades, in which she appeared in more than 60 films and 30 plays. She is the recipient of awards and nominations in various drama award denominations, including the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures, the Academy Awards, the Golden Globe Awards, the Laurel Awards, the Tony Awards, the Drama Desk Awards, and the Laurence Olivier Awards, within which she has won two thirds of her award nominations. As one of the last surviving major stars from the Golden Age of Hollywood and classical years of British cinema, she has several longevity records to her name.

Born in Pretoria, South Africa, while her parents were on tour, Johns made several appearances on stage throughout the 1920s and into the early 1930s. Her family returned to the United Kingdom, where she was educated in London and Bristol. She was hailed for her dancing skills and typecast as a stage dancer from early adolescence, making her screen debut in 1938 with the film adaptation of Winifred Holtby's posthumous novel South Riding. She rose to prominence in the 1940s following her role as Anna in the war drama film 49th Parallel (1941), for which she won a National Board of Review Award for Best Acting, and starring roles in Miranda (1948) and Third Time Lucky (1949).

The 1951 black-and-white aviation drama film No Highway in the Sky, a joint British-American production, was Johns' first role in Hollywood cinema. She continued throughout the following decades with starring roles in the United Kingdom and abroad, including The Weak and the Wicked (1954), Mad About Men (1954), The Court Jester (1955), The Sundowners (1960), The Cabinet of Caligari (1962), The Chapman Report (1962), and Under Milk Wood (1972). Renowned for the breathy quality of her husky voice,[2] Johns sang songs written specifically for her both on screen and stage, including "Send In the Clowns", composed by Stephen Sondheim for Broadway's A Little Night Music, in which she originated the role of Desiree Armfeldt and for which she won a Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical and Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical, and "Sister Suffragette", written by the Sherman Brothers for Walt Disney's musical motion picture Mary Poppins, in which she played Winifred Banks and for which she won a Laurel Award for Best Female Supporting Performance.

In 2016, with the death of Zsa Zsa Gabor, Johns became the oldest living Batman cast member. With the death of Dame Olivia de Havilland in 2020, she became the oldest living Academy Award nominee in any acting category. Similarly, Johns is currently the oldest living Disney Legend, having been honoured in 1998.

Early life and education[edit]

There were situations that were hard for parents to turn down. It's difficult to turn down a chance to star with Laurence Olivier, to say, 'No, she has to go to school'. They had a big decision to make... I was interested in everything. I wanted to be a scientist. I would've loved to go on and on at university. But you can't do everything in life.

— Glynis Johns[3]
Los Angeles Times, 17 April 1991

Johns was born into a theatrical family. Her mother was Australian-born concert pianist Alyce Steele (born Alice Maude Steele-Wareham) who had studied in London and Vienna.[4] Originally of English descent, her family found fame as performing actors, singers and musicians, touring Australia, New Zealand and South Africa with their musical programmes;[5] her mother, Elizabeth Steele-Wareham (née Payne), was one of the first accomplished women violinists of her time.[2] Johns' father was Welsh actor Mervyn Johns, who became a star of British films during the Second World War and worked regularly at Ealing Studios. Mervyn's roots were in West Wales;[6] he was the brother of Oxford academic Howard Johns, who became the rector of Pusey and Weston-on-the-Green,[7] and an uncle of British judge John Geoffrey Jones.[8] Alyce and Mervyn met while studying in London, he at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art and she at the Royal Academy of Music. They married on 17 November 1922 in St Giles, London, and began touring with her family's theatre company.[9] While touring South Africa on 23 October 1923, their only child Glynis Margaret Payne Johns was born, named for her paternal grandmother, Margaret Anne John (née Samuel), and her maternal grandmother, Elizabeth Steele-Wareham (née Payne). She later became the fourth generation in their family to act on stage.[10]

The family returned to Britain, where Mervyn Johns continued to train with the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art and began his career in repertory theatre in 1926. At the age of 5, Glynis Johns joined the London Ballet School; by 6, she was hailed in Britain as a dancing wonder;[4] by 10, she was working as a Ballet instructor; and by 11, she had earned a degree to teach. Hoping to study with the Sadler's Wells Ballet at age 12, she was enrolled instead at Clifton High School in Bristol, balancing academia with the two hours a week she spent at the Cone School of Dancing (which later merged with the Ripman School to form Tring Park School for the Performing Arts).[11] As a dance student, Johns amassed some 25 gold medals.[12][13] Aside from her Clifton education, she also attended South Hampstead High School in London,[14] where she was two years above Dame Angela Lansbury, later an actress who became another of the last surviving stars from the Golden Age of Hollywood, predeceasing Johns in 2022.[15]

Johns was a star on stage while still in formal education, beginning as a young adolescent, though her film and television stardom was yet to come.[10]

Career[edit]

1920s[edit]

In October 1923, Johns made her theatrical debut at just three-weeks old, carried on stage by her grandmother, Elizabeth Steele-Wareham (née Payne), a violinist-impresario[2] who had inherited the production's company from her father.[16]

1930s[edit]

Blue plaque of Sir Ralph Richardson, with whom Johns frequently starred

In 1931 at the age of 8, Johns was cast as Sonia Kuman in Elmer Rice's Judgement Day at the Phoenix Theatre in London. She played alongside theatre actors Sir Lewis Casson, Ronald Adam, and George Woodbridge, who played Judge Vlora, Judge Tsankov and Judge Sturdza respectively.[17] As a child ballerina in 1935, Johns played Ursula in Buckie's Bears; this production lasted from 27 December 1935 to 11 January 1936 at the Garrick Theatre.[18] Her proficiency in dance led her to be cast in several children's plays throughout the 1930s, notably during the Christmas holidays. She was spotted by a manager and subsequently cast in her first major stage production, as Napoleon's daughter in the 1936 short play St Helena at The Old Vic; she was in productions of The Children's Hour and The Melody That Got Lost the same year. Following this, she was recast as Sonia Kuman in Elmer Rice's 1937 production of Judgement Day (this time at London's Strand Theatre), J. M. Barrie's 1937 play A Kiss for Cinderella,[10] and Esther McCracken's 1938 play Quiet Wedding, in which she played the bridesmaid Miranda Bute at Wyndham's Theatre, London.[19]

Johns made her screen debut in 1938 with Victor Saville's film adaptation of the Winifred Holtby novel South Riding, in which she played Midge Carne, the daughter of aspiring politician Robert Carne (played by Ralph Richardson).[20] She had small roles in David Evans' 1938 crime film Murder in the Family[21] and two Brian Desmond Hurst films: his 1938 black-and-white crime film Prison Without Bars[22] and 1939 thriller On the Night of the Fire (in which she was again cast alongside Ralph Richardson).[23]

1940s[edit]

Johns' stage and film work in the late 1930s laid the foundation for her film career in the 1940s. She averaged one and a half films a year throughout the decade, starting in 1940 with Under Your Hat, in which she played Winnie, a supporting character to Jack Hulbert's Jack Millett and Cicely Courtneidge's Kay Millett in this musical comedy spy film.[24] Johns' scene in the 1941 British historical drama The Prime Minister as Miss Sheridan did not make the final cut,[24] though her role in the 1941 British and Canadian war drama film 49th Parallel, in which she replaced Elisabeth Bergner as Anna, earned her a National Board of Review Award for Best Acting and international acclaim. She continued with supporting roles as Romanian resistance fighter Paula Palacek in the 1943 British spy film The Adventures of Tartu, supernatural innkeeper Gwyneth (alongside her father Mervyn Johns' Rhys) in the 1944 British drama film The Halfway House, and the fun-loving cousin of Deborah Kerr Dizzy Clayton in the 1945 British drama film Perfect Strangers, in which she was part of a very talented cast including Deborah Kerr and Roger Moore and for which Radio Times' Robyn Karney said she was "excellent"[25] In a starring role, Johns played Millie in the 1946 British comedy film This Man Is Mine and war widow Judy in the 1947 British drama film Frieda.[26] David Parkinson notes that Johns "seemed to epitomise modern British womanhood."[13] Conversely, she was cast as Mabel Chiltern in An Ideal Husband (1947), Alexander Korda's adaptation of the 1895 play by Oscar Wilde, in which Johns helps Lord Arthur Goring (Michael Wilding) prevent Laura Cheveley (Paulette Goddard) from destroying the reputation of her politician brother, Sir Robert Chilton (Hugh Williams).[13]

For her role as playful Cornish mermaid Miranda Trewella in Ken Annakin's eponymous 1948 black and white comedy film,[27] in which she causes havoc in a London household, David L. Vineyard on MysteryFile writes that "Johns is a revelation: long platinum hair, Khirghiz eyes, and that breathless voice, perfect for this sexy romp,"[28] with ScreenOnline's Matthew Coniam adding that "Miranda... is played ideally by Glynis Johns... a strikingly unusual actress facially reminiscent of Gloria Grahame, with a melodic, purring voice."[29] As Miranda, Johns wore a tail made specially by The Dunlop Rubber Company and commissioned by producer Betty Box. The cast included Griffith Jones, Googie Withers, and David Tomlinson, with whom Johns was later reunited in The Magic Box (1951) and Mary Poppins (1964). Given the weight of her tail, Tomlinson recalled his alarm at having to carry her around.[30] The following year, she had a brief cameo in Helter Skelter, a gleefully scattershot comedy in which she again played the flirtatious mermaid Miranda.[13]

Johns starred in two more films that year. She was cast in Thornton Freeland's comedy Dear Mr. Prohack, a modern version of Arnold Bennett's 1922 novel, Mr Prohack, as adapted in the play by Edward Knoblock.[31] In it, Johns plays Mimi Warburton, the private secretary and love interest of Charles Prohack, played by Sir Dirk Bogarde.[32][33] That same year, Bogarde began a relationship with Johns' ex-husband Anthony Forwood.[34] The cast included "a winning gallery of femmes fatalles." Playing a character very unlike herself, Author John Reid wrote that "Glynis Johns... is so much better at playing a scheming minx than an honest woman."[35] In Third Time Lucky (1949), she played Joan Burns, a "capable femme fatale."[13] Of this role, Flint on Letterboxd wrote that "Glynis is as winningly winsome as ever, her husky tones approximating a British Jean Arthur."[36]

On stage, Johns reprised her role as Miranda Bute in Richard Bird's play Quiet Weekend, which ran from 22 July 1941 to 29 January 1944 at Wyndham's Theatre in London.[10] During The Blitz, she was recast in Judgement Day, which she played at the Phoenix Theatre in London despite the dangers posed by German bombers. Following this, she appeared in Peter Pan at the Cambridge Theatre in 1943, I'll See You Again in 1944, and Fools Rush In in 1946.[37][10]

1950s[edit]

Johns with Danny Kaye and Cecil Parker in 1955
Johns with baby in The Court Jester (1955)

In the 1950s, Johns enjoyed more film roles than any decade preceding. Her successes in Miranda (1948), Third Time Lucky (1949) and others made her a household name, both in Britain and America; director Ken Annakin was an early admirer of Johns' work.[38]

She remained in "noir territory" with Sidney Gilliat's 1950 drama thriller film State Secret,[13] appearing alongside Douglas Fairbanks Jr. and Jack Hawkins; as Lisa Robinson, she was Fairbanks' love interest; the two cause havoc in a fictitious East-European country and ultimately flee to America to start their new life together.[39] Johns supported Richard Todd in Flesh and Blood the following year[40] and having previously declined parts in Hollywood productions, because of her loving devotion to British cinema, appeared in the Hollywood-financed No Highway in the Sky, in which an expert's misgivings about a plane's air-worthiness are ignored.[41] As unflappable stewardess Marjorie Corder, Johns appeared alongside James Stewart and Marlene Dietrich in this Henry Koster adaptation of the Nevil Shute novel No Highway.[13] Following this, she co-starred with David Niven in Appointment with Venus (1951) for director Ralph Thomas, which recreates a wartime mission to rescue a pedigree cow from the Nazi-occupied island of Amorel and in which Johns plays Channel-Islander Nicola Fallaize.[42] She was one of several names in the 1951 anthology film Encore, appearing as gambler Stella Cotman, who visits Monte Carlo alongside Terence Morgan's Syd Cotman in the segment "Gigolo and Gigolette". Now very much in demand, Johns guest starred as May Jones in John Boulting's Technicolour biographical drama film The Magic Box of the same year.[43] As May, Johns is introduced to cinema pioneer Robert Donat's William Friese-Greene by Richard Attenborough's Jack Carter.[13] In The Card (1952), a "droll" adaptation of Arnold Bennett's eponymous novel,[13] she was Alec Guinness' main love interest, dance teacher Ruth Earp, for which The New York Times' Bosley Crowther writes that "Miss Johns' self-propelling young lady is a bundle of feminine guile."[44]

Johns made her television debut in 1952 with Fletcher Markle's Emmy Award-winning series Little Women. She appeared in just one episode: season 4's Lilly, the Queen of the Movies as Lily Snape.[45] Her television credits of the 1950s include brief appearances in the Hollywood anthology series Lux Video Theatre (in the 1953 episode Two For Tea), Errol Flynn's anthology series The Errol Flynn Theatre (in the 1956 episodes The Sealed Room as Lou McNamara and The Girl in Blue Jeans as The Girl Susan Tracey),[46] CBS's anthology series Schlitz Playhouse of Stars (in the 1957 episode The Dead Are Silent),[47] and ABC's variety and drama series The Frank Sinatra Show (in the 1958 episode Face of Fear as Christopher Nolan).[48]

Johns in 1951

Johns was reunited with Richard Todd for two swashbucklers made for Walt Disney: The Sword and the Rose (1953), directed by Ken Annakin, and Rob Roy, the Highland Rogue (1953).[49] At the same time, she made Personal Affair,[50] a British drama film starring Gene Tierney and directed by Anthony Pelissier, in which Johns plays teenager Barbara Vining who pursues her Latin teacher, Leo Genn's Kay Barlow. The following year, Johns had the starring role in J. Lee Thompson's drama film The Weak and the Wicked alongside Diana Dors and Rachel Roberts, playing an upper-class prisoner, Jean Raymond, who was framed by her friend and for which Johns was widely praised.[51] Johns did another for Annakin, The Seekers (1954),[52] then co-starred with Robert Newton in The Beachcomber (1954). She played the Christian missionary in both films, appearing respectively as Marion Southey, the fiance to Jack Hawkins' Philip Wayne who seeks to establish Christianity in 19th century New Zealand, and Martha Jones, who seeks to introduce it to the Welcome Islands.[13] For both, she was paid £12,500 a picture.[53]

In 1954, Johns was one of five judges to oversee the final of the National Bathing Beauty Contest in Morecambe, England, where Pat Butler was declared the winner. Sitting beside newspaper editor Charles Eade, Johns was the youngest and only woman judge.[54]

Ralph Thomas' 1954 Technicolor comedy film Mad About Men starred Johns alongside actors Donald Sinden and Anne Crawford in this sequel to Miranda.[55] Johns starred as Jo Luton in Roy Boulting's 1955 comedy Josephine and Men, a romantic comedy film in which Jack Buchanan's Uncle Charles Luton examines his niece's relationships,[56] and supported Danny Kaye in the musical-comedy medieval romance costume drama film The Court Jester of the same year, playing Jean with "cunning precision".[57] Despite having the highest budget of any comedy made at the time, The Court Jester was badly received at the box-office. When the episode Doctor's Orders of Star Trek: Enterprise aired in 2004, Johns made a surprise guest appearance when a clip of The Court Jester was shown on screen.[13]

Annakin used Johns again in Loser Takes All (1956), in which she plays a newlywed who loses patience with her gambling husband played by Rossano Brazzi,[58][59] and she was one of the many actors who made cameos in Around the World in 80 Days (1956), appearing alongside Hermione Gingold in the closing scenes.[60] Alongside Cameron Mitchell, Johns starred in the 1957 Technicolor melodrama film All Mine to Give, based on the novel by Dale Eunson and his wife Katherine Albert.[61] Johns returned to Britain to make Another Time, Another Place (1958) with Lana Turner[62] and starred as Kitty Brady in Shake Hands with the Devil (1959), in which she was "wonderful as always".[63]

In the West End, Johns starred in two 1950 productions: Fools Rush In at the Fortune Theatre and The Way Things Go at the Phoenix Theatre.[19] She made her Broadway debut in 1952 when given the title role in five productions of the Enid Bagnold comedy Gertie.[64] Johns returned to the United States in 1956 to again play the title role, this time in a Broadway revival production of George Bernard Shaw's Major Barbara.[65]

1960s[edit]

Johns in c.1960

In 1960, Johns starred as Clarissa Hailsham-Brown in Godfrey Grayson's mystery film The Spider's Web, a screen adaptation of the eponymous 1954 play by Agatha Christie, and for which American author Matthew Bunson writes that "Despite its very modest budget, The Spider's Web was able to attract the considerable talents of Glynis Johns."[66] Johns had a supporting role in The Sundowners (1960), for which Variety wrote that "Glynis Johns is a vivacious delight",[67] with The New York Times' Bosley Crowther adding that her role as the Australian landlady Mrs. Firth (which earned her an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actress) was "played richly" and with effervescence.[68] Johns starred in the remake of The Cabinet of Caligari (1962) as the easily-offended and oft-frightened Jane Lindstrom,[69] and she was one of four stars in the 1962 Technicolor drama film The Chapman Report.[70] While filming her first scene in the Chapman Report with director George Cukor, he kicked her in the shin. Though a "subtle kick", it was described as an "unprovoked attack" and by Johns as "so unexpected that I did a terrible sort of double take." On the set, tensions were high, though she and Cukor later laughed about it and he noted she was "wonderful in the picture."[71] The following year, Johns supported Jackie Gleason in George Marshall's adaptation of the eponymous Corinne Griffith memoir Papa's Delicate Condition, a role described by Jeffrey Kauffman as "neatly understated".[72]

Mary Poppins (1964) is considered Walt Disney's crowning live-action achievement, and is the only one of his films which earned a Best Picture nomination during his lifetime.[73] In it, Johns plays Winifred Banks, the wife of George Banks, mother of Jane and Michael, and member of Emmeline Pankhurst's "Votes for Women" suffrage movement, to which she is completely dedicated.[74] When first approached by Walt Disney, Johns thought it was to play the title role of Mary Poppins (played by Dame Julie Andrews), not Mrs. Banks. To ensure she accepted, he explained the mishap over lunch and arranged for the Sherman Brothers to write her a musical number: the song "Sister Suffragette", a pro-suffrage protest song pastiche, was written in 1964 with her in mind.[75] "Johns is endearing as the mother," writes The Hollywood Reporter's James Powers in 1964, "happy as a lark at getting chained to a lamp post for the cause... she comes in strongly as a singing actor."[76]

The following year, Johns was cast in Henry Koster's DeLuxe Color familycomedy Dear Brigitte[77] as the aesthete Vina, wife of James Stewart,[78] whom she had first acted with 14 years earlier in No Highway in the Sky. She appeared in various character roles in the 1968 American comedy film Don't Just Stand There!,[79] written by Charles Williams, and the 1969 British comedy film Lock Up Your Daughters, directed by Peter Coe.[80][81]

Johns as Winifred Banks in the trailer of Mary Poppins (1964)

Johns was cast in 1961 in the ABC/Warner Bros. crime drama The Roaring 20s. She portrayed Kitty O'Moyne, an Irish immigrant who falls overboard into the harbour as she arrives in the United States.[82] In the episode A Game for Alternate Mondays of the 1962–63 television season, Johns guest-starred in the CBS anthology series The Lloyd Bridges Show, playing widow Leah Marquand, with Leslye Hunter as her daughter Isabella.[83] On 5 August 1963, Vacation Playhouse premiered on CBS with the episode Hide and Seek. The original working title for the series was The Glynis Johns Show; in it, Johns played the neophyte mystery writer and amateur sleuth Glynis Granvile.[84] In the autumn of that year, she and Keith Andes starred as a married couple in her eponymous CBS television series Glynis, in which she again played Glynis Granville and Andes a criminal defence attorney. Due to pressure from NBC's The Virginian and Bill Cullen's The Price Is Right game show on ABC, the programme was cancelled after thirteen episodes.[85] In 1965, when CBS reran the series as a summer replacement for The Lucy Show, Glynis ranked #6 in the Nielsen ratings.[86] Johns remained busy on screen, appearing as Steffi Bernard in the episode Who Killed Marty Kelso? of ABC's detective series Burke's Law opposite Gene Barry.[13] In 1967, she appeared in 4 episodes of the Batman television series as villainess Lady Penelope Peasoup, one half of the evil duo with Rudy Vallée as her brother Lord Marmaduke Ffogg.[87]

On stage, Johns played the invalided gentlewoman in Broadway's Too True to Be Good in 1963.[88] She returned to London's West End in 1966 to star alongside Keith Michell in The King's Mare at the Garrick Theatre, in which she played Anne of Cleves and Michell King Henry VIII. Commenting on the production, S. Stanley Gordon writes that "The heavens must have blessed us, for we received the wonderful news that... London theatre's favourite daughter, Glynis Johns, had agreed to come to London to star in our play." The play was written by screenwriter novelists Jean Canolle and Anita Loos.[89] From 1969 and into the 1970s, Johns turned increasingly to stage work, appearing in A Talent to Amuse (1969).[19]

1970s[edit]

In the 1970s, Johns' career focus was on the stage. Following her appearance in earlier Cowardian productions, Johns starred in two more Coward plays in the early 1970s: from 27 January 1970 to September 1970, she was in Come As You Are at London's New Theatre and Strand Theatre, and from 6 March 1972 to 12 March 1972, she was in Marquise at the Bristol Hippodrome in England.[19]

Between 1972 and 1973, Johns narrated several fairy tales and other children's classics for Caedmon Records, the record label imprints of HarperCollins Publishers. These included Peter Pan and Snow White.[90] Some were released years later.[91]

In 1973, Johns was in the original cast of A Little Night Music, written by Stephen Sondheim, which premiered at 18:30 on 25 February at the Shubert Theatre in New York. The song "Send In the Clowns" was written with her in mind.[92] Commenting on director Harold Prince in a 1973 interview, she says he "‘has eyes in the back of his head and a real driving force, a life force. And with it goes a great deal of loge. He calls us “crew” and himself “captain,” and he's heartbroken when opening night is over, simply because he doesn't want to be away from us. I think he falls in love with his company.’"[93] For her role as Desiree Armfeldt, she won a Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical and Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical.[94] Sondheim referred to her vocal qualities as a "rumpled bed";[2] as Anthony Tommasini put it in The New York Times: "Stephen Sondheim composed his most famous song, "Send In the Clowns," for an actress with virtually no voice, Glynis Johns, and few genuine singers have performed it as effectively."[95]

Following this, Johns starred in Joseph Hardy's production of Ring Round the Moon at the Center Theatre Group,[96][97] Los Angeles, from 1 April 1975 to 10 May 1975, with stage actor Michael York. From 17 March 1976, she starred in Peter Dews' production of 13 Rue de l'Amour at the Phoenix Theatre in London with film and stage actor Louis Jourdan. This production was held at the Theatre Royal in Norwich; it closed on 8 May 1976. From 1977 to March 1978, Johns starred as Alma Rattenbury in Cause Célèbre, touring Her Majesty's Theatre in London and Leicester Haymarket Theatre among other locations.[19] She was nominated for a Laurence Olivier Award for Actress of the Year in a New Play and won a Variety Club Award for Best Actress in recognition; it was described as a "riveting play", due in part to its cast: "Glynis Johns was superb as Alma Rattenbury, and Lee Montague and Bernard Archard were fantastic as the opposing barristers."[98]

Johns' film roles of the 1970s included playing Myfanwy Price in Andrew Sinclair's 1972 drama film Under Milk Wood opposite Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor,[99] Eleanor Critchit in Roy Ward Baker's 1973 anthology horror film The Vault of Horror (in the segment The Neat Job, a tale of marital discord), Swallow in the 1974 short film adaptation of Oscar Wilde's The Happy Prince[24] and Mrs. Amworth in the 1977 British-Canadian horror anthology film Three Dangerous Ladies, a reprisal of the role.[100] Of her original performance as Mrs. Amworth in the eponymous 1975 short film, Ian Holloway on Wyrd Britain writes that "the titular lady" is "played with flamboyant aplomb by the fabulous Glynis Johns."[101]

1980s[edit]

Playwright Noël Coward, in whose plays Johns frequently starred

In classical theatre in Europe, everybody plays all kinds of parts. Juliets go on to play the Nurses; they don't want to play Juliet again. I think we've got to remember to grab onto our perks, whatever is the good thing about each age. Each stage of life should be a progression.

—Glynis Johns[102]

Johns appeared in Noël Coward's comic play Hay Fever as Judith Bliss from 4 August 1981 to 10 October 1981 at the Yvonne Arnaud Theatre in Guildford and the Theatre Royal in Nottingham. This was her fourth role in a Noël Coward production.[19] From 20 November 1989 to 20 May 1990, she starred as Lady Catherine Champion-Cheney in W Somerset Maugham's Broadway romance The Circle at the Ambassador Theatre in New York.[19]

Johns' screen work of the 1980s took second place to her work on stage.[13] In 1982, she was cast as Laura Fitzpatrick Morgan in the American-British biographical television film Little Gloria... Happy at Last with Lucy Gutteridge in the leading role of Gloria Morgan Vanderbilt.[103] Johns had a starring role in Nukie (1987), a South African science-fiction film in which she played the decisive Sister Anne alongside actors Anthony Morrison, Steve Railsback, and Ronald France.[104][105] In 1988, Johns provided the voice for Miss Grimwood, proprietor of Miss Grimwood's Finishing School for Girls, in Scooby-Doo and the Ghoul School. The plot follows the characters as Miss Grimwood hires them as her gym teachers; once there, however, they find it is actually a school for the daughters of paranormal beings.[106][107] The same year, Johns starred in Zelly and Me, an American drama film written, directed and produced by Tina Rathborne. In it, Johns plays Co-Co, the wealthy grandmother of protagonist Phoebe (played by Alexandra Johnes) and an egoist with a deeply competitive streak.[108]

During the first season of NBC's hit sitcom Cheers, Johns guest-starred as Diane Chambers' mother, Helen Chambers, an eccentric dowager who, due to a stipulation in Diane's late father's will, will lose all her money unless Diane is married by the next day.[109] In 1985, Johns played Bridget O'Hara in the episode Sing a Song of Murder of CBS's crime drama television series Murder, She Wrote, working again with Angela Lansbury.[13] From 1988 to 1989, she played Trudie Pepper, a senior citizen living in an Arizona retirement community, in the television sitcom Coming of Age, also on CBS.[110]

Following earlier work in the 1970s, Johns narrated two more albums for Caedmon Records: The Light Princess in 1981 and Bargain for Frances and Other Frances Stories in 1984.[90][111]

1990s[edit]

In 1991, Johns returned to A Little Night Music at the age of 68, this time playing Madame Armfeldt, the mother of her original character Desiree, with Gordon Davidson directing at the Ricardo Montalbán Theatre in Los Angeles. Following this, she starred as Myrtle Bledsoe in the premiere of Horton Foote's A Coffin in Egypt from June to July 1998 at the Bay Street Theatre in New York.[112]

On screen, Johns had the main part of Darjeeling alongside Honor Blackman and Derek Jacobi on the American children's television anthology series ABC Weekend Specials (in the short The Secret Garden, which aired on 5 November 1994).[113][114]

Johns appeared in just three film roles throughout the 1990s, as the grandmother in each. She played the camera-toting grandmother in the 1995 Sandra Bullock hit While You Were Sleeping[24] and the waspish Grandma Rose in Ted Demme's 1994 black comedy film The Ref. Of this role, Caution Spoilers' Sarah notes that "Glynis Johns as the awful Rose is terrific"; her character was often at odds with her son Lloyd Chasseur, played by Kevin Spacey.[115] In 1998, Johns was named a Disney legend in the film category.[116] Her last film appearance to date was as the grandmother of Molly Shannon's Mary Gallagher in the 1999 film Superstar.[117]

Public image[edit]

In September 1946, when she was still fairly new to the profession, Powell and Pressburger hailed Johns "one of the most sought-after of all young British stars".[118] She was voted by British exhibitors as the 10th most popular box-office star in 1951 and 1952.[119][120] By the time of Loser Takes All (1956), Johns was a top box-office draw.[13]

The UK and US[edit]

A devotee of British cinema, Johns famously said "I would sooner play in a good British picture than in the majority of American pictures I have seen,"[121] though her penchant for American cinema cannot be understated. She found her stardom in 1940s Britain (wherein her "glistening blue eyes and perfect comic timing made her British cinema's most sought-after female lead") and was already a star by the time she was in No Highway in the Sky, a joint British and American production produced in 1951, and her first role in American cinema.[102]

Johns became an indelible part of the cinema histories of both Britain and America, maintaining her British and American careers simultaneously. Following No Highway in the Sky (1951), she took on increasingly more roles in America and elsewhere: the majority of her television credits were American, including her eponymous 1963 sitcom Glynis, though her film and theatre credits (with several notable exceptions) were British.[102]

Johns would later retire to the US,[122] while her son Gareth lived the majority of his life in the UK.[123]

Personal life[edit]

Glynis has light brown hair, blue eyes, and is five feet four inches in height. Dancing is still of great interest to her and is her favourite recreation, coupled with the collecting of good syncopated numbers: Glenn Miller's In The Mood is her favourite. Her favourite classical composers are Grieg, Mozart and Debussy. Riding, tennis and ice skating are her sports, and her ideal holiday is one spent in a mountain resort where there is plenty of night-life. Her favorite reading is autobiographies, preferably those of celebrities she knows personally.

The Voice[10]
Saturday, 20 September 1952

In 1947, Johns was maid of honour at the wedding of Muriel Pavlow and Derek Farr, who met in 1941 while filming Quiet Wedding.[124]

Relationships and children[edit]

Johns has been married four times and engaged five times. She met her first husband, Anthony Forwood, while rehearsing for Quiet Wedding (1941). A year after they met, Forwood asked her on a date and they were married within a month on 29 August 1942 in Westminster, London. The couple's only child, actor Gareth Forwood, was born on 14 October 1945.[125] "Because of adultery by her husband," Johns was granted a decree nisi on 25 June 1948 and thus the couple were divorced.[126]

Johns began dating producer Antony Darnborough after working together on Encore (1951).[127] He proposed to her at Windsor's Sunningdale Golf Club in June 1951.[128] The Daily Telegraph later said that "theirs was to have been one of the most glittering show business weddings," but it never took place. Gertie (1951) took her to Broadway and their wedding was postponed; in December 1951, it was called off. The former couple remained "good friends" and she appeared in his 1953 drama Personal Affair.[127][129]

On 1 February 1952 in Manhattan, New York, Johns married David Ramsey Foster, a Royal Navy officer and later president of Colgate-Palmolive.[130] The two had a week's belated honeymoon and arrived home via Northolt Airport on 3 June 1952, where they were greeted by photographers.[131] They divorced on 17 May 1956.[132]

Johns married Cecil Peter Lamont Henderson, a businessman,[133] on 10 October 1960 in Westminster, London. They divorced on 21 June 1962 due to his claim that she had had an affair with actor Robert Fitz Randolph Patten in Los Angeles. It remained unproven.[134]

Johns' fourth and final husband was the writer and United States Air Force captain Elliott Arnold.[135] They announced their engagement on 25 June 1964 and were married on 1 October in Los Angeles, California.[136][137] They divorced on 4 January 1973.[93][132]

In a 1973 interview with Robert Berkvist, Johns describes – in her experience – the compatibility of theatre and marriage: "‘Acting is my highest form of intelligence, the time when I use the best part of my brain. I was always told, by my married friends, for example, that I could apply that intelligence to something else, some other aspect of living, but I can't. I don't have the same flair in other things.’" On the subject of a fifth marriage, she reflected that "‘I'd tread very softly in that area. Very softly. I certainly wouldn't rush into anything again, and I'd have to have an awful lot in common with anyone I'd consider marrying next time. Why so many marriages? It was absolute conservatism on my part. I was brought up to feel that if you wanted to have an affair with a man, well, you married him. I have friends who, if they'd followed that rule, would have collected an awful lot of pieces of paper by now.’"[93]

Following the death of her mother, Alyce Steele, on 1 September 1971 in Westminster, Johns' father Mervyn Johns married actress Diana Churchill on 4 December 1976 in Hillingdon, London.[138]

Health and voice[edit]

Johns has previously suffered from severe migraines. In a 1955 interview with Lydia Lane, she admitted that "‘Only recently have I learned how to relax. And since I have, the migraine headaches which have plagued me for years have disappeared. I’ve finally learned to be still inside. Someone told me once, “When you let God in on your problems, you can let go and relax,” and I’ve found that it works.’"[139]

Following her marriage to David Foster in 1952, she became fourteen pounds overweight. Talking to Lydia Lane, she describes this ordeal: "‘I was relaxed, happy, with little to do and I suppose I simply didn't burn up as much energy as usual. My appetite stayed the same and I gained a few pounds at a time until one day I discovered I was fourteen pounds overweight.’" Her solution was simple, "‘I'm convinced that weight is a mental problem’" she said. "‘I counted calories for a while but nothing happened until I became really disturbed about it. From that moment on, I began to lose weight and in three weeks I was back to normal. The point I am trying to make is that dieting alone is not enough. It must be accompanied by a strong will and determination to lose [weight].’"[139]

A few days before Johns was due to play Desiree Armfeldt at the opening night of A Little Night Music in 1973, she was rushed to hospital for emergency treatment of an intestinal infection. The debut was postponed by a week and Tammy Grimes was thought to be a likely successor, but to the shock of everybody, including her doctor, Johns rejoined the show after just two days: "‘I was not going to have anybody else sing my songs’” she said.[93]

Johns' voice has been described by a press agent as "like the sound of a brook burbling over a pebbled bed."[140] It has also been described as "smoky," "silvery," and "wistful."[141]

Longevity[edit]

Johns is predeceased by all four of her husbands and her son. Her third husband, Cecil Henderson, died in November 1978 in Oxford, England; her fourth husband, Elliot Arnold, died on 13 May 1980 in New York; her first husband, Anthony Forwood, died from Parkinson's disease on 18 May 1988 in Kensington and Chelsea, London; her second husband, David Foster, died on the 4 June 2010. Her son, Gareth, made his final screen appearance in 2000, playing Hilary Quentin in Rob Heyland's Bomber. He retired from acting and lived the remainder of his life between his apartment in London and house in Santa Monica, California, with his mother. Following cancer complications and a heart attack, he died on 16 October 2007 in London at the age of 62.[125][142]

Johns currently resides at the Belmont Village Hollywood Heights, a senior living community, located near the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles, California.[122]

Filmography[edit]

Film[edit]

Year Title Role Notes Ref(s)
1938 South Riding Midge Carne Film debut [143]
Murder in the Family Marjorie Osborne [21]
Prison Without Bars Nina [24]
1939 On the Night of the Fire Mary Carr U.S. title: The Fugitive [23]
1940 Under Your Hat Winnie [24]
The Briggs Family Sheila Briggs [80]
The Thief of Bagdad Princess' Maid Uncredited [24]
The Prime Minister Miss Sheridan Uncredited [24]
1941 49th Parallel Anna Won National Board of Review Awards 1942 for Best Acting [143]
1943 The Adventures of Tartu Paula Palacek U.S. title: Sabotage Agent [24]
1944 The Halfway House Gwyneth [144]
1945 Perfect Strangers Dizzy Clayton U.S. title: Vacation from Marriage [24]
1946 This Man Is Mine Millie [24]
1947 Frieda Judy [26]
An Ideal Husband Miss Mabel Chiltern [143]
1948 Miranda Miranda Trewella [143]
1949 Third Time Lucky Joan Burns [24]
Helter Skelter Miranda Trewella Uncredited [24]
Dear Mr. Prohack Mimi Warburton [24]
1950 State Secret Lisa Robinson U.S. title: The Great Manhunt [145]
The Blue Lamp [24]
1951 Flesh and Blood Katherine [40]
No Highway in the Sky Marjorie Corder U.S. title: No Highway in the Sky [146]
Appointment with Venus Nicola Fallaize U.S. title: Island Rescue [42]
Encore Stella Cotman Appeared in segment "Gigolo and Gigolette" [24]
The Magic Box May Jones [43]
1952 The Card Ruth Earp U.S. title: The Promoter [24]
1953 The Sword and the Rose Princess Mary Tudor [24]
Personal Affair Barbara Vining [50]
Rob Roy, the Highland Rogue Helen Mary MacPherson MacGregor [24]
1954 The Weak and the Wicked Jean Raymond U.S. title: Young and Willing [51]
The Seekers Marion Southey U.S. title: Land of Fury [24]
The Beachcomber Martha Jones [147]
Mad About Men Caroline Trewella / Miranda Trewella [55]
1955 Josephine and Men Josephine Luton [56]
The Court Jester Maid Jean [148]
1956 Loser Takes All Cary [59]
Around the World in 80 Days Sporting lady's companion [24]
1957 All Mine to Give Jo Eunson [61]
1958 Another Time, Another Place Kay Trevor [24]
1959 Shake Hands with the Devil Kitty Brady [149]
1960 Last of the Few Narrator [24]
The Spider's Web Clarissa Hailsham-Brown [24]
The Sundowners Mrs. Firth Nominated for Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress [143]
1962 The Cabinet of Caligari Jane Lindstrom [69]
The Chapman Report Teresa Harnish Nominated for Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama [70]
1963 Papa's Delicate Condition Amberlyn Griffith [24]
1964 Mary Poppins Winifred Banks [24]
1965 Dear Brigitte Vina Leaf [77]
1968 Don't Just Stand There! Sabine Manning [24]
1969 Lock Up Your Daughters! Mrs. Squeezum [24]
1972 Under Milk Wood Myfanwy Price [99]
1973 The Vault of Horror Eleanor Appeared in segment "The Neat Job" [24]
1974 The Happy Prince Swallow Voice, Short [24]
1975 Mrs. Amworth Mrs. Amworth Short [24]
1977 Three Dangerous Ladies Mrs. Amworth Appeared in segment "Mrs. Amworth" [100]
1982 Little Gloria... Happy at Last Laura Fitzpatrick Morgan Television Film [103]
1987 Nukie Sister Anne [104]
1988 Scooby-Doo and the Ghoul School Mrs. Grimwood Voice, Television Film [107]
Zelly and Me Co-Co [24]
1994 The Ref Rose [24]
1995 While You Were Sleeping Elsie [24]
1999 Superstar Grandma Final film role [24]

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes Ref(s)
1952 Little Women Lily Snape Original title: Studio One [45]
1953 Lux Video Theatre [46]
1956 The Errol Flynn Theatre Lou McNamara / Susan Tracey 2 episodes [46]
1958 Schlitz Playhouse of Stars Episode: The Dead Are Silent [150]
The Frank Sinatra Show Christine Nolan Episode: Face of Fear [47]
1961 Adventures in Paradise Esther Holmes [151]
The Roaring 20's Kitty O'Moyne [152]
General Electric Theater Alma [153]
The Naked City Miss Arlington [24]
1962 The Dick Powell Show Rosie Sayer [154]
Dr. Kildare Sister Brigid Marie [155]
The Beachcomber Rosalind Metcalf Episode: The Search for Robert Herrick [156]
Saints and Sinners Lois Hawley [24]
1963 The DuPont Show of the Week Emily Foster [157]
The Lloyd Bridges Show Leah Marquand [83]
Vacation Playhouse Glynis Granville [24]
Glynis Glynis Granville 13 episodes [143]
1964 Burke's Law Steffi Bernard [158]
The Defenders Catherine Collins [159]
12 O'clock High Jennifer Heath [24]
1967 Batman Lady Penelope Peasoup 4 episodes [24]
1968 ITV Playhouse Lorraine Barrie Episode: Star Quality [160]
1982 Little Gloria... Happy at Last Laura Fitzpatrick Morgan Television Mini Series [24]
1983 Cheers Mrs. Helen Chambers [109]
1984 The Love Boat Edna Miles [24]
The Crime of Ovide Plouffe Television Mini Series [158]
1985 Murder, She Wrote Bridget O'Hara Episode: Sing a Song of Murder [24]
1987 The Cavanaughs Maureen Episode: The Eyes Have Had It [161]
1988-89 Coming of Age Trudie Pepper 15 episodes [162]
1994 ABC Weekend Specials Darjeeling Television Series Short [46]

Theatre[edit]

Year Title Role Location Notes Ref(s)
1931 Judgement Day Sonia Kuman Phoenix Theatre [17]
1935 Buckie's Bears Ursula Garrick Theatre [163]
1936 St Helena Napoleon's daughter Old Vic Theatre [19]
The Children's Hour Mary Tilford Gate Theatre [11]
The Melody That Got Lost Elf Embassy Theatre [164]
1937 Judgement Day Sonia Kuman Strand Theatre [165]
A Kiss for Cinderella Cinderella Phoenix Theatre [166]
1938 Quiet Wedding Miranda Bute Wyndham's Theatre [19]
1941 Quiet Weekend Miranda Bute Wyndham's Theatre [19]
1943 Peter Pan Peter Pan Cambridge Theatre [37]
1944 I'll See You Again Corinne [10]
1946 Fools Rush In Pam [10]
1950 Fools Rush In Pam Fortune Theatre [10]
The Way Things Go Mary Flemin Phoenix Theatre [19]
1952 Gertie Gertie Broadway theatre [88]
1956 Major Barbara Barbara Undershaft Broadway theatre [88]
1963 Too True to Be Good Miss Mopply Broadway theatre [88]
1966 The King's Mare Anne of Cleves Garrick Theatre [19]
1969 A Talent to Amuse Phoenix Theatre [19]
1969-70 Come As You Are Queen Elizabeth I New Theatre [167]
1972 The Marquise Marquise-Thérèse de Gorla Bristol Hippodrome [168]
1973 A Little Night Music Desiree Armfeldt Broadway theatre Won Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical [143]
Sondheim: A Musical Tribute [88]
1975 Ring Round the Moon Madame Desmortes Los Angeles [97]
1976 13 Rue de l'Amour Leontine Phoenix Theatre [19]
1978 Cause célèbre Alma Rattenbury Her Majesty's Theatre Won Best Actress Award, Variety Club [19]
1980-81 Hay Fever Yvonne Arnaud Theatre [19]
1989-90 The Circle Lady Catherine Champion-Cheney Broadway theatre [19]
1991 A Little Night Music Madame Armfeldt Ricardo Montalbán Theatre [169]
1998 A Coffin in Egypt Myrtle Bledsoe Bay Street Theatre [170]

Discography[edit]

Year Title Role Song(s) Notes Ref(s)
1950 State Secret Lisa Robinson "Paper Doll" [145]
1954 Mad About Men Miranda Trewella "Always You"
"I Can't Resist Men"
[171]
1960 The Sundowners Mrs. Firth "Botany Bay" [143]
1973 Mary Poppins: Original Cast Soundtrack Winifred Banks "Sister Suffragette"
"Let's Go Fly a Kite"
[90]
1972 The Story Of Peter Pan Narrator/ Reader [90]
1973 Snow-White And Rose-Red And Other Andrew Lang Fairy Tales Narrator/ Reader [90]
Bambi Narrator/ Reader [90]
A Little Night Music (Original Broadway Cast Album) Desiree Armfeldt "The Glamorous Life"
"You Must Meet My Wife"
"Send in the Clowns"
[172]
The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson Desiree Armfeldt "Send in the Clowns" Episode: 10 May 1973 [173]
1981 The Light Princess Narrator/ Reader [90]
1984 Bargain for Frances and Other Frances Stories Narrator/ Reader [90]
1985 Great Performances Desiree Armfeldt "Send in the Clowns" Episode: The Best of Broadway [174]
2000 Broadway Super Hits, Vol. 2 Desiree Armfeldt "Send in the Clowns" [172]
2008 The Story So Far... Desiree Armfeldt "Send in the Clowns" [172]
2018 Diminishing returns Winifred Banks "Sister Suffragette" Episode: Mary Poppins [174]

Honours and awards[edit]

Award Year Category Title of work Result
National Board of Review 1942 Best Acting 49th Parallel Won
Academy Award 1961 Best Supporting Actress The Sundowners Nominated
Golden Globe Awards 1963 Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama The Chapman Report Nominated
Laurel Awards 1965 Female Supporting Performance Mary Poppins Won
Tony Award 1973 Best Actress in a Musical A Little Night Music Won
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Actress in a Musical Won
Laurence Olivier Awards 1977 Actress of the Year in a New Play Cause célèbre Nominated
Variety Club 1978 Best Actress Won
Disney Legends 1998 Honoured

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

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  4. ^ a b Glynis Johns | Desert Sun, Volume 36, Number 226, 26 April 1963
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  7. ^ The Rev. Gareth Miller (5 September 2021). "The Akeman Benefice September 2021" (PDF). Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  8. ^ 40 Facts About Glynis Johns on Fact Snippet
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  11. ^ a b "Glynis Johns". The Powell & Pressburger Pages. Picturegoer. 28 September 1946. Retrieved 26 September 2022. she came to this country when she was still a child, and attended Clifton High School. Then she attended the Cone School of Dancing. For two hours each day she put in intensive training at the rail in the ballet class
  12. ^ Glynis Johns: Disney Legend
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Parkinson, David (9 April 2022). "Glynis & Angela: Ninetysomething Marvels". Cinema Paradiso. Cinema Paradiso. Retrieved 15 December 2022.
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  15. ^ Edelman & Kupferberg 1996, pp. 11–12, 21; Gottfried 1999, pp. 26–28.
  16. ^ Plomley, Roy (24 April 1976). "Desert Island Discs - Glynis Johns". Desert Island Discs. BBC. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 3 November 2022. three-weeks old
  17. ^ a b Judgement Day programme
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  113. ^ The Secret Garden, Episode aired Nov 5, 1994 TV-Y 1h 9m on IMDb
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  130. ^ "Obituary" The Telegraph, 18 July 2010
  131. ^ Back from a week's belated honeymoon is British actress Glynis Johns, pictured with her American husband, Mr David Foster, on their arrival at Northolt Airport
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  134. ^ GLYNIS IS DIVORCED ON THE GROUND OF ADULTERY
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  160. ^ The Longbowman: Appreciation and Admiration of actor, archer and historian 𝐑𝐨𝐛𝐞𝐫𝐭 𝐇𝐚𝐫𝐝𝐲 "Featuring Glynis Johns"
  161. ^ TV Guide. Google Books: Triangle Publications. 1987. p. 100.
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  164. ^ Abell, Kjeld (1939). The Melody that Got Lost. Google Books: Allen & Unwin. p. 7. ISBN 9788700375819.
  165. ^ Ruby-Frye/ Frye, Thelma/ Peter (1997). Double Or Nothing: Two Lives in the Theatre : the Autobiography of Thelma Ruby and Peter Frye. Google Books: Janus Publishing Company. p. 39. ISBN 9781857562149.
  166. ^ Current Biography Yearbook: Volume 34. H. W. Wilson Company. 1973. p. 13.
  167. ^ Glynis Johns as Queen Elizabeth I in Come As You Are four short plays by John Mortimer
  168. ^ Marquise always seems much better when Glynis Johns is says critic Urjo Kareda
  169. ^ A Little Night Music, Los Angeles Revival (1991)
  170. ^ Klein, Alvin (28 June 1998). "THEATER; A Play? Maybe Not, but What a Story". The New York Times. New York, United States. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
  171. ^ Glynis Johns - Discography on 45cat
  172. ^ a b c Glynis Johns music on Rate Your Music
  173. ^ Glynis Johns Setlist on Setlist
  174. ^ a b Glynis Johns at IMDb

General and cited sources[edit]

  • Edelman, Rob; Kupferberg, Audrey E. (1996). Angela Lansbury: A Life on Stage and Screen. Secaucus, New Jersey: Carol Publishing Corporation. ISBN 0786434813.
  • Lentz, Harris M. (2008). Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2007: Film, Television, Radio, Theatre, Dance, Music, Cartoons and Pop Culture. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, Incorporated, Publishers. ISBN 978-1-55972-327-5.

External links[edit]