Glynn County, Georgia

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Glynn County
Glynn County Courthouse
Glynn County Courthouse
Official seal of Glynn County
Map of Georgia highlighting Glynn County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°13′N 81°29′W / 31.22°N 81.49°W / 31.22; -81.49
Country United States
State Georgia
Founded1777; 245 years ago (1777)
Named forJohn Glynn
SeatBrunswick
Largest cityBrunswick
Government
 • Chairman, Board of CommissionersDavid O'Quinn
Area
 • Total585 sq mi (1,520 km2)
 • Land420 sq mi (1,100 km2)
 • Water165 sq mi (430 km2)  28.3%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
85,292[1]
 • Density190/sq mi (70/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.glynncounty.org

Glynn County is located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 79,626.[2] The county seat is Brunswick.[3] Glynn County is part of the Brunswick, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Glynn County, one of the state's original eight counties created on February 5, 1777, was named after John Glynn,[4] a member of the British House of Commons who defended the cause of the American Colonies before the American Revolution. The Battle of Bloody Marsh was fought in Glynn County. James Oglethorpe built Fort Frederica, which was used a base in the American Revolutionary War. Glynn Academy, established to educate boys, is the second oldest school in Georgia.

Glynn County includes the most prominent of the Sea Islands of Georgia, including Jekyll Island, St. Simons Island, and Sea Island. The Georgia poet Sidney Lanier immortalized the seacoast there in his poem, "The Marshes of Glynn", which begins:

Glooms of the live-oaks, beautiful-braided and woven
With intricate shades of the vines that myriad-cloven
Clamber the forks of the multiform boughs,--
Emerald twilights,--
Virginal shy lights,
Wrought of the leaves to allure to the whisper of vows,
When lovers pace timidly down through the green colonnades
Of the dim sweet woods, of the dear dark woods,
Of the heavenly woods and glades,
That run to the radiant marginal sand-beach within
The wide sea-marshes of Glynn;--

During World War II, Naval Air Station Glynco, named for the county, was a major base for training for blimps and anti-submarine warfare. The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) now uses a substantial part of the former NAS as its main campus.

Geography[edit]

Historical marker

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 585 square miles (1,520 km2), of which 420 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 165 square miles (430 km2) (28.3%) is water.[5]

The majority of Glynn County is located in the Cumberland-St. Simons sub-basin of the St. Marys-Satilla River basin. Most of the county's northern and northwestern border area is located in the Altamaha River sub-basin of the basin by the same name.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790413
18001,874353.8%
18103,41782.3%
18203,4180.0%
18304,56733.6%
18405,30216.1%
18504,933−7.0%
18603,889−21.2%
18705,37638.2%
18806,49720.9%
189013,420106.6%
190014,3176.7%
191015,7209.8%
192019,37023.2%
193019,4000.2%
194021,92013.0%
195029,04632.5%
196041,95444.4%
197050,52820.4%
198054,9818.8%
199062,49613.7%
200067,5688.1%
201079,62617.8%
2019 (est.)85,292[7]7.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[2]

2020 census[edit]

Glynn County racial composition[12]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 52,987 62.71%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 20,469 24.22%
Native American 175 0.21%
Asian 1,175 1.39%
Pacific Islander 92 0.11%
Other/Mixed 3,265 3.86%
Hispanic or Latino 6,336 7.5%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 84,499 people, 34,614 households, and 22,352 families residing in the county.

2019 United States Census Bureau American Community Survey estimates[edit]

Racial Makeup of Glynn County (2019)[13]

  White alone (68.49%)
  Black alone (26.32%)
  Native American alone (0.36%)
  Asian alone (1.30%)
  Pacific Islander alone (0.12%)
  Some other race (0.96%)
  Multi-racial alone (2.45%)

Racial Makeup of Glynn County treating Hispanics as a Racial Category (2019)[13]
NH=Non-Hispanic

  White NH (63.56%)
  Black NH (26.07%)
  Native American NH (0.35%)
  Asian NH (1.27%)
  Pacific Islander NH (0.12%)
  Other race NH (0.28%)
  Multi-racial NH (1.74%)
  Hispanic Any Race (6.62%)

Racial Makeup of Hispanics in Glynn County (2019)[13]

  White alone (74.61%)
  Black alone (3.81%)
  Native American alone (0.18%)
  Asian alone (0.54%)
  Pacific Islander alone (0.01%)
  Other race alone (10.22%)
  Multi-racial alone (10.65%)

2015[edit]

In terms of European ancestry, 40.8% were English, 10.6% were "American", 10.2% were Irish, and 7.9% were German.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,337 and the median income for a family was $62,445. Males had a median income of $43,240 versus $32,112 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,040. About 11.7% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.9% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.[14]

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 79,626 people, 31,774 households, and 21,259 families living in the county.[15] The population density was 189.7 inhabitants per square mile (73.2/km2). There were 40,716 housing units at an average density of 97.0 per square mile (37.5/km2).[16] The racial makeup of the county was 67.6% white, 26.0% black or African American, 1.2% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.0% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.4% of the population.[15]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 67,568 people, 27,208 households, and 18,392 families living in the county. The population density was 160 per square mile (62/km2). There were 32,636 housing units at an average density of 77 per square mile (30/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 70.66% White or Caucasian, 26.45% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 2.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to census 2000 the largest European ancestry groups in Glynn County are:

There were 27,208 households, out of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.50% were married couples living together, 14.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,765, and the median income for a family was $46,984. Males had a median income of $34,363 versus $23,558 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,707. About 11.60% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.10% of those under age 18 and 11.90% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Glynn County's public schools are operated by Glynn County School System.

Superfund sites[edit]

Glynn County is home to four Superfund sites. Those include the "LCP Chemicals Georgia" site,[18] the "Brunswick Wood Preserving" site,[19] the "Hercules 009 Landfill" site,[20] and the "Terry Creek Dredge Spoil Areas/Hercules Outfall" site.[21]

The Hanlin Group, Inc., which maintained a facility named "LCP Chemicals" in Glynn County just outside the corporate limits of Brunswick, was convicted of dumping 150 tons of mercury into Purvis Creek, a tributary of the Turtle River and surrounding tidal marshes between the mid-1980s and its closure in 1994. Three executives were sentenced to prison time over the incident.[22]

The LCP facility had been declared a Superfund site when it closed in 1994. It had been under scrutiny by the EPA after Service biologists discovered mercury poisoning in endangered wood storks on St. Simons Island. Fish, shellfish, crabs, and shrimps taken in coastal waters, as well as other bird species, also contained the toxic metal. The Service traced the source of the contamination to the LCP plant and documented the extent of the damage to wildlife resources. Their effort resulted in the addition of Endangered Species Act charges to those that would be brought against Hanlin and its officers.[23]

Crime[edit]

In 2020, the FBI ranked the Brunswick metropolitan area (which includes the counties of Glynn, Brantley and McIntosh) as the 7th most dangerous metropolitan area in the state of Georgia.[24]

On August 29, 2009, Glenn County resident Guy Heinze Jr. murdered eight members of his extended family including his father, Guy Heinze Sr. in the family's trailer located in New Hope Plantation Mobile Home Park near Brunswick. Two others were critically injured, with one dying later in a hospital in Savannah. Heinze Jr. avoided the death penalty and was sentenced to life in prison without parole on October 30, 2013.[25]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Politics[edit]

Similar to Southeast Georgia, Glynn County is heavily Republican, having last voted Democratic in 1980, when the Democratic nominee was Jimmy Carter.

United States presidential election results for Glynn County, Georgia[27]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 25,617 61.01% 15,882 37.83% 489 1.16%
2016 21,512 62.47% 11,775 34.19% 1,150 3.34%
2012 20,893 62.95% 11,950 36.00% 348 1.05%
2008 20,479 61.31% 12,676 37.95% 248 0.74%
2004 18,608 67.08% 8,962 32.31% 169 0.61%
2000 14,346 64.09% 7,778 34.75% 260 1.16%
1996 12,305 56.96% 8,058 37.30% 1,239 5.74%
1992 11,242 49.02% 8,581 37.42% 3,109 13.56%
1988 11,126 63.18% 6,339 35.99% 146 0.83%
1984 11,724 64.07% 6,574 35.93% 0 0.00%
1980 7,214 47.54% 7,540 49.69% 419 2.76%
1976 5,403 36.35% 9,459 63.65% 0 0.00%
1972 9,443 75.88% 3,002 24.12% 0 0.00%
1968 3,725 30.24% 3,251 26.39% 5,341 43.36%
1964 7,341 56.22% 5,712 43.75% 4 0.03%
1960 2,926 44.95% 3,584 55.05% 0 0.00%
1956 3,098 50.22% 3,071 49.78% 0 0.00%
1952 2,575 43.47% 3,348 56.53% 0 0.00%
1948 1,090 23.80% 2,444 53.36% 1,046 22.84%
1944 385 16.18% 1,995 83.82% 0 0.00%
1940 274 11.94% 2,014 87.76% 7 0.31%
1936 260 11.88% 1,925 87.98% 3 0.14%
1932 186 12.81% 1,262 86.91% 4 0.28%
1928 799 59.27% 549 40.73% 0 0.00%
1924 283 29.18% 612 63.09% 75 7.73%
1920 132 23.83% 422 76.17% 0 0.00%
1916 36 6.45% 477 85.48% 45 8.06%
1912 16 3.21% 470 94.19% 13 2.61%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 9, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 3, 2011. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 139.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 9, 2021.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  13. ^ a b c "B03002 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE - Glynn County - 2019 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. July 1, 2019. Retrieved May 28, 2021.
  14. ^ a b "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  15. ^ a b "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  16. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  17. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  18. ^ "LCP Chemicals Georgia". EPA. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  19. ^ "Brunswick Wood Preserving". EPA. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  20. ^ "Hercules 009 Landfill". EPA. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  21. ^ "Terry Creek Dredge Spoil Areas/Hercules Outfall". EPA. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  22. ^ "Former LCP Official Gets Jail Time, Fine". Savannah Morning News. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  23. ^ "LCP Chemicals Georgia - Site Details". EPA. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
  24. ^ Lashway, Zachery. "FBI ranks Brunswick 7th most dangerous metro area in Georgia". News 4 Jax. Graham Media Group. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  25. ^ Bynum, Russ. "Georgia man gets life sentence in beating deaths of 8". OnlineAthens. Athens Banner-Herald. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  26. ^ Thalmann, Georgia Amtrak Station (USA Rail Guide -- Train Web)
  27. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 20, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°13′N 81°29′W / 31.22°N 81.49°W / 31.22; -81.49