Glynn County, Georgia

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Glynn County, Georgia
GA Brunswick Old Town HD new courthouse02.jpg
Glynn County Courthouse
Map of Georgia highlighting Glynn County
Location in the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1777
Named for John Glynn
Government
• Mayor

Cornell Harvey
Seat Brunswick
Largest city Brunswick
Area
 • Total 585 sq mi (1,515 km2)
 • Land 420 sq mi (1,088 km2)
 • Water 165 sq mi (427 km2), 28.3%
Population
 • (2010) 79,650
 • Density 190/sq mi (70/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.glynncounty.org

Glynn County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 79,626.[1] The county seat is Brunswick.[2] Glynn County is part of the Brunswick, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Glynn County, one of the original eight counties in the state created on February 5, 1777, was named after John Glynn,[3] a member of the British House of Commons who defended the cause of the American Colonies before the American Revolution. The Battle of Bloody Marsh was fought in Glynn County. James Oglethorpe built Fort Frederica which was used a base in the American Revolutionary War. Glynn Academy is the second oldest school in Georgia.

Glynn County includes the most prominent of the Sea Islands of Georgia, including Jekyll Island, St. Simons Island, and Sea Island. The Georgia poet Sidney Lanier immortalized the seacoast there in his poem, "The Marshes of Glynn", which begins:

Glooms of the live-oaks, beautiful-braided and woven
With intricate shades of the vines that myriad-cloven
Clamber the forks of the multiform boughs,--
Emerald twilights,--
Virginal shy lights,
Wrought of the leaves to allure to the whisper of vows,
When lovers pace timidly down through the green colonnades
Of the dim sweet woods, of the dear dark woods,
Of the heavenly woods and glades,
That run to the radiant marginal sand-beach within
The wide sea-marshes of Glynn;--

The former Naval Air Station Glynco, named for the county, was a major base for blimps and anti-submarine warfare during World War II. The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) now uses a substantial part of the former NAS as its main campus.

Geography[edit]

The old Glynn County Courthouse
Historical marker

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 585 square miles (1,520 km2), of which 420 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 165 square miles (430 km2) (28.3%) is water.[4]

The majority of Glynn County is located in the Cumberland-St. Simons sub-basin of the St. Marys-Satilla River basin. Most of the county's northern and northwestern border area is located in the Altamaha River sub-basin of the basin by the same name.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790413
18001,874353.8%
18103,41782.3%
18203,4180.0%
18304,56733.6%
18405,30216.1%
18504,933−7.0%
18603,889−21.2%
18705,37638.2%
18806,49720.9%
189013,420106.6%
190014,3176.7%
191015,7209.8%
192019,37023.2%
193019,4000.2%
194021,92013.0%
195029,04632.5%
196041,95444.4%
197050,52820.4%
198054,9818.8%
199062,49613.7%
200067,5688.1%
201079,62617.8%
Est. 201692,620[6]16.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 67,568 people, 27,208 households, and 18,392 families residing in the county. The population density was 160 per square mile (62/km2). There were 32,636 housing units at an average density of 77 per square mile (30/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 70.66% White, 26.45% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 2.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to census 2000 the largest European ancestry groups in Glynn County are:

There were 27,208 households out of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.50% were married couples living together, 14.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,765, and the median income for a family was $46,984. Males had a median income of $34,363 versus $23,558 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,707. About 11.60% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.10% of those under age 18 and 11.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 79,626 people, 31,774 households, and 21,259 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 189.7 inhabitants per square mile (73.2/km2). There were 40,716 housing units at an average density of 97.0 per square mile (37.5/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 67.6% white, 26.0% black or African American, 1.2% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.0% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.4% of the population.[12]

2015[edit]

In terms of ancestry, 46.5% were English, 10.6% were American, 10.2% were Irish, and 7.9% were German.[14]

Of the 31,774 households, 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.1% were non-families, and 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 39.4 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,337 and the median income for a family was $62,445. Males had a median income of $43,240 versus $32,112 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,040. About 11.7% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.9% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Education[edit]

Glynn County's public schools are operated by Glynn County School System.

Superfund sites[edit]

Glynn County is home to four Superfund sites. Those include the "LCP Chemicals Georgia" site,[16] the "Brunswick Wood Preserving" site,[17], the "Hercules 009 Landfill" site,[18] and the "Terry Creek Dredge Spoil Areas/Hercules Outfall" site.[19]

The Hanlin Group, Inc., which maintained a facility named "LCP Chemicals" in Glynn County just outside the corporate limits of Brunswick, was convicted of dumping 150 tons of mercury into Purvis Creek, a tributary of the Turtle River and surrounding tidal marshes between the mid-1980s and its closure in 1994. Three executives were sentenced to prison time over the incident.[20]

The LCP facility had been declared a Superfund site when it closed in 1994 and was already under scrutiny by the EPA when Service biologists discovered mercury poisoning in endangered wood storks on St. Simons Island. Fish, shellfish, crabs, and shrimps taken in coastal waters as well as other bird species also contained the toxic metal. The Service traced the source of the contamination to the LCP plant and documented the extent of the damage to wildlife resources–an effort that resulted in the addition of Endangered Species Act charges to those that would be brought against Hanlin and its officers.[21]

Mass murder in 2009[edit]

On August 29, 2009, the county suffered the worst mass murder in Georgia state history, when seven individuals were found dead at a trailer in New Hope Mobile Home Park. Two others were critically injured, one of them dying later in hospital. Guy Heinze, Jr. was later convicted of the murders.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Previous presidential elections results[22]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 62.5% 21,512 34.2% 11,775 3.3% 1,150
2012 63.0% 20,893 36.0% 11,950 1.1% 348
2008 61.3% 20,479 38.0% 12,676 0.7% 248
2004 67.1% 18,608 32.3% 8,962 0.6% 169
2000 64.1% 14,346 34.8% 7,778 1.2% 260
1996 57.0% 12,305 37.3% 8,058 5.7% 1,239
1992 49.0% 11,242 37.4% 8,581 13.6% 3,109
1988 63.2% 11,126 36.0% 6,339 0.8% 146
1984 64.1% 11,724 35.9% 6,574
1980 47.5% 7,214 49.7% 7,540 2.8% 419
1976 36.4% 5,403 63.7% 9,459
1972 75.9% 9,443 24.1% 3,002
1968 30.2% 3,725 26.4% 3,251 43.4% 5,341
1964 56.2% 7,341 43.8% 5,712 0.0% 4
1960 45.0% 2,926 55.1% 3,584
1956 50.2% 3,098 49.8% 3,071
1952 43.5% 2,575 56.5% 3,348
1948 21.7% 992 53.4% 2,444 25.0% 1,144
1944 16.2% 385 83.8% 1,995
1940 11.9% 274 87.8% 2,014 0.3% 7
1936 11.9% 260 88.0% 1,925 0.1% 3
1932 12.8% 186 86.9% 1,262 0.3% 4
1928 59.3% 799 40.7% 549
1924 29.2% 283 63.1% 612 7.7% 75
1920 23.8% 132 76.2% 422
1916 6.5% 36 85.5% 477 8.1% 45
1912 3.2% 16 94.2% 470 2.6% 13

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 139. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved 2015-11-27. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-29. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-29. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2017-12-31. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-29. 
  16. ^ "LCP Chemicals Georgia". EPA. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 
  17. ^ "Brunswick Wood Preserving". EPA. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 
  18. ^ "Hercules 009 Landfill". EPA. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 
  19. ^ "Terry Creek Dredge Spoil Areas/Hercules Outfall". EPA. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 
  20. ^ "Former LCP Official Gets Jail Time, Fine". Savannah Morning News. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 
  21. ^ "LCP Chemicals Georgia - Site Details". EPA. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 
  22. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-20. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°13′N 81°29′W / 31.22°N 81.49°W / 31.22; -81.49