A glyptotheque is a collection of sculptures. It is part of the name of several museums and art galleries.
The designation glyptotheque was coined by the librarian of King Ludwig I of Bavaria, derived from the ancient Greek verb glyptein, meaning "cut into stone." It was an allusion to the ancient Greek name of Pinacoteca (from Pinax, "panel" or "painting"). Glypton is the Greek word for a sculpture.
Museums that today bear this name or cognates of it include:
- Glyptothek, in Munich, Germany
- Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, in Copenhagen, Denmark
- National Glyptotheque, in Athens, Greece
- Gliptoteka, in Zagreb, Croatia
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