Vehicles of the Gmunden tramway
|Opened||13 August 1894|
|Owner||Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB)|
|Operator(s)||Stern & Hafferl Verkehr|
|Line length||2.315 km (1.438 mi)[note 2]|
|Number of tracks||Single track|
|Track gauge||1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in)|
|Electrification||600 V DC Overhead lines|
The Gmunden Tramway (Straßenbahn Gmunden or Gmundner Straßenbahn), located in Gmunden, Austria, is the shortest and oldest remaining tram system in Austria. It is operated by Stern & Hafferl, which was founded in 1893. The tramway was opened on 13 August 1894. It is 2.3 km long. The line's maximum gradient of 9.6% makes it one of the world's steepest surviving adhesion-only tram lines.
The works, directed by the engineers Josef Stern and Franz Hafferl, began on 25 February 1894. It took five months to build the entire tramway, one depot, one power plant and two buildings for employees. The original route ran from the railway station (named Rudolfsbahnhof at that time) to "Rathausplatz" (i.e. Town Hall Square). In 1975 the route was shortened to Franz-Josef-Platz.
There were several renovations in the late 90's and the following decade, including the renewal of "Keramik" station and of the Tennisplatz - Franz-Josef-Platz route. In February 2013, the municipal council of Gmunden decided to link the tram to the Traunseebahn. The route will be reactivated to Rathausplatz, and a new route will link to the new terminus of the Traunseebahn at Klosterplatz. The planned tram-train will have its terminus in Vorchdorf as part of a project named StadtRegioTram.
The tramway route runs entirely in the town, from the railway station to the central Franz-Josef-Platz on the Traunsee lake. It counts 8 stations, plus 2 closed and one substituted. A planned extension to the Seebahnhof, terminal station of the Traunsee Railway Gmunden-Vorchdorf has been partially built. It will count 3 stations and will use the route "Franz-Josef-Platz" - "Rathausplatz", closed in 1975. The reopening of Postgebäude is not planned.
|Station on the Salzkammergut Railway, tram depot planned|
|Gmunden Grüner Wald||
|closed in 2014|
|Built in 2005 to substitute the nearby "Gmunden Kraftstation", passing loop, tram depot|
|Terminal since 1975|
|closed in 1975|
|closed in 1975, to be reactivated.|
|New terminal station on the Traunsee Railway, since 2014|
|8||Lohner/Kiepe||1961||13.4 m||16.0 t||60 km/h||200 kW||Fitted with full pantograph; rebuilt in 1978 for one-man operation; otherwise in original condition|
|9||Ex-Vestische Straßenbahnen GmbH (No. 347), built by Düwag/Kiepe||1952||14.3 m||17.0 t||70 km/h||200 kW||Entered service on the Gmunden tramway in 1977; fitted with full pantograph and magnetic track brakes, doors on the off side sealed|
|10||Ex-Vestische Straßenbahnen GmbH (No. 341), built by Düwag/Kiepe||1952||14.3 m||17.0 t||70 km/h||200 kW||Entered service on the Gmunden tramway in 1983; fitted with full pantograph and magnetic track brakes, doors on the off side sealed|
|5||Grazer Waggf./SSW||1911||9.1 m||11.0 t||30 km/h||52 kW|
|100||Ex-Pöstlingbergbahn car IV; built by Grazer Waggonfabrik||1898||6.8 m||8.8 t||14 km/h||40.8 kW||Open-sided; fitted with a bow collector. Acquired from the Pöstlingbergbahn (Linz) in 1995|
List of all earlier trams, built between 1893 and 1907:
|No.||Year of construction||Origin||Output||Weight||Length|
|1||1894||Rohrbacher/AEG||2*13 kW||6.6 t||8 m|
|2||1894||Rohrbacher/AEG||2*13 kW||6.6 t||8 m|
|3||1894||Rohrbacher/AEG||2*13 kW||6.6 t||8 m|
|4 (I)||1895||Rohrbacher/AEG||2*13 kW||6.6 t||8 m|
|4 (II)||1913||Ganz & Co||2*40,5 kW||13 t||9.53 m|
|5||1911||Siemens/Grazer W.||2*26 kW||11.0 t||9.08 m|
|6||1907||Siemens/Grazer W.||2*25,5 kW||10.3 t||8.7 m|
|7||1907||Siemens/Grazer W.||2*25,5 kW||10.3 t||8.7 m|
- 11 stations in the future extension. Adding 3 closed stations (one in the line to Rathausplatz) the total is of 14
- 3.090 km (1.920 mi) in the future extension
- Extension under construction: Gmunden Tramway map (Stern & Hafferl website)
- Map, pictures and infos at urbanrail.net
- Buckley, Richard (2000). Tramways and Light Railways of Switzerland and Austria (2nd edition), p. 129. Gloucester, UK: Light Rail Transit Association. ISBN 0-948106-27-1.
- Taplin, Michael; and Russell, Michael (2002). Trams in Western Europe, p. 8. Harrow Weald, Middlesex (UK): Capital Transport Publishing. ISBN 1-85414-265-8.
- (German) Historical overview of Gmunden Tramway (Stern & Hafferl website)
- (German) History of Gmunden Tramway (10 pages)
- (German) "Gmunden lässt Straßenbahn bis Vorchdorf fahren" (Gmunden can take tram to Vorchdorf). Article on the Oberösterreichische Nachrichten
- (German) StadtRegioTram Gmunden-Vorchdorf Project
- Gmunden Tramway station: images and infos (Verein Pro Gmundner Straßenbahn)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gmunden Tramway.|