Gnathophyma involves swelling of the chin.:693 It is a type of lesion associated with rosacea, a common chronic inflammatory skin disorder of the sebaceous (oily and fatty) glands characterized by redness, swelling, and acne-like pustules.
Other lesions associated with rosacea, which affects about 10 percent of fair-skinned people normally between the ages of 30 and 50, include:
- Rhinophyma (enlarged nose)
- Metophyma (enlarged cushion-like swelling of the forehead)
- Blepharophyma (swelling of the eyelids)
- Otophyma (a cauliflower-like swelling of the earlobes)
Treatment for mild to moderate cases includes an oral antibiotic or topical gel or cream.
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