Gnophodes betsimena

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Gnophodes betsimena
SeitzFaunaAfricanaXIIITaf26.jpg
In Adalbert Seitz's Fauna Africana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Gnophodes
Species: G. betsimena
Binomial name
Gnophodes betsimena
(Boisduval, 1833)
Synonyms
  • Cyllo betsimena Boisduval, 1833
  • Gnophodes parmeno Doubleday, [1849]
  • Cyllo diversa Butler, 1880
  • Gnophodes betsimena parmeno f. dubiosa Aurivillius, 1911

Gnophodes betsimena, the banded evening brown, is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. It is found in southern Africa.

The wingspan is 55–65 mm for males and 60–70 mm for females. Adults are probably on wing year round, but usually from March to August (with peaks from April to June).[1]

The larvae feed on various grasses, including Ehrharta erecta,[2] Panicum deustum, and Setaria species.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Gnophodes betsimena betsimena (Madagascar)
  • Gnophodes betsimena parmeno Doubleday, [1849] (western Kenya (west of the Rift Valley) to Ethiopia, Uganda, southern Sudan, Zaire, Angola, Cameroon, West Africa)
  • Gnophodes betsimena diversa Butler, 1880 (eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, eastern Zimbabwe, Malawi, Tanzania, eastern Kenya, northern Kenya (Mount Marsabit)) - yellow banded evening brown

References[edit]

  1. ^ Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7. 
  2. ^ "Gnophodes Doubleday, [1849]" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms