Gnosis (Greek: Γνῶσις), active c. 300 BC, is the name of the artist signed upon the famous 'deer hunt mosaic' from the 'House of the Abduction of Helen' in Pella, capital of the Macedonian Kingdom. It is the first known signature ("Gnosis epoesen", i.e. Gnosis created) of a mosaicist and the only artist name surviving on a pebble floor. It is not known whether Gnosis was the mosaic-setter or the painter of the picture which the floor composition probably reproduces. It is also not known if he was a local or an immigrant artist to the Macedonian court. In the Pella mosaics for the first time use is made of the size of the pebbles and new materials such as semi-precious stones or glass tesserae.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ancient Greek mosaics in Pella Archaeological Museum.|
- Mosaics of the Greek and Roman world By Katherine M. D. Dunbabin Page 14 ISBN 0-521-00230-3 (1999)
- Artists biographies artnet.com
- SEG 24:558a
- Gardner's Art Through the Ages: The Western Perspective By Fred S. Kleiner Page 135 ISBN 0-495-00480-4 (2005)
- Names constructed with Gnos- are frequently in South and Aegean Greece (see Γνωσ, Packard Humanities Institute
. However, Gnosis, as a male personal name,seems to be an hapax legomenon. )