Go West (song)

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"Go West"
Villagepeoplegowestsingle.jpg
Single by Village People
from the album Go West
B-side"Citizens of the World"
ReleasedJune 1979
Format7", 12"
Recorded1978
GenreDisco
Length4:10
LabelCasablanca
Songwriter(s)Jacques Morali, Henri Belolo, Victor Willis
Producer(s)Morali
Village People singles chronology
"Y.M.C.A."
(1978)
"Go West"
(1979)
"In the Navy"
(1979)
Music video
"Go West" on YouTube

"Go West" is a song by the American disco group Village People. It was a hit in the disco scene during the late 1970s. The song found further success when it was covered in 1993 by British synthpop duo Pet Shop Boys. The song was written by Jacques Morali, Henri Belolo and the group's lead singer Victor Willis. The melody is based on the State Anthem of the Soviet Union composed by Alexander Alexandrov, which was itself a reworking of Pachelbel's Canon.

Village People version[edit]

Originally released as a single in 1979, it was not as popular as the group's other contemporary singles such as "Y.M.C.A." and "In the Navy". The song's title is attributed to the nineteenth century quote "Go West, young man" commonly attributed to Horace Greeley, a rallying cry for the colonization of the American West. Though the song is gender ambiguous, it is generally understood as an expression of the 1970s sentiment of San Francisco as a utopia for the Gay Liberation movement.[1]

Both the 7" and 12" versions of the song were subsequently collected in various greatest hits collections, including a 1997 radio remix which was made in the wake of the success of Pet Shop Boys' 1993 version.

Copyright lawsuit[edit]

On May 7, 2012, in a landmark ruling in accordance with the Copyright Act of 1976, Victor Willis owns (recaptures) 33% of "Go West" and other Village People hits.[2]

Charts[edit]

Chart (1979) Peak
position
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[3] 12
Canada Top Singles (RPM) 41
Ireland (IRMA)[4] 15
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[5] 29
UK Singles (The Official Charts Company) 15
US Billboard Hot 100 45

Pet Shop Boys version[edit]

"Go West"
Pet-Shop-Boys-Go-West-22506.jpg
Single by Pet Shop Boys
from the album Very
B-side"Shameless"
Released6 September 1993
Format
Recorded1992–1993
Genre
Length
  • 5:03
  • 8:21 (album version)
LabelParlophone / EMI
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)
Pet Shop Boys singles chronology
"Can You Forgive Her?"
(1993)
"Go West"
(1993)
"I Wouldn't Normally Do This Kind of Thing"
(1993)
Music video
"Go West" on YouTube

In 1992, when Pet Shop Boys were asked by Derek Jarman to perform at an AIDS charity event at The Haçienda nightclub in Manchester, Chris Lowe of the duo selected "Go West" as the song they would perform. Though singer Neil Tennant was unable to remember the lyrics during that performance, the two decided to record it as a single.[6]

Release[edit]

The original single version of the song, set for an earlier release in 1992 as a non-album single, was never used. However, both its extended dance mix, and its similarly unreleased B-side "Forever in Love" (an edited version was released on Very Relentless in 1993), were eventually released on the 2001 expanded reissue of Very; its 7" mix also was mistakenly placed on the 2009 compilation Party.[citation needed] Instead, the song was released in a different version in 1993, as the second single from Very, and featuring a different B-side, "Shameless". This release included remixes by Brothers in Rhythm, Farley & Heller, Kevin Saunderson, and Mark Stent. The single went to number two on the UK Singles Chart and number one in Finland and Germany. The single also reached number one in Ireland, the last of the duo's four Irish number-one singles to date, and topped the US Billboard Dance Music/Club Play Singles chart.

Changes[edit]

The new version enhances the basis of the original's chord progression in Pachelbel's Canon, bringing the theme to the forefront at the opening of the song.[6] In addition to the Canon elements, it included a new introduction which Lowe later said "does sound surprisingly like the former Soviet anthem".[7] The song also underwent extensive reworking of its instrumental tracks, with producers Stephen Hague and Mark Stent credited for the mixing, as well as an all-male Broadway choir arranged by Richard Niles (said by Tennant to be inspired by the song "There Is Nothing Like a Dame" from the Broadway musical South Pacific).[6] In addition, Tennant and Lowe wrote a new bridge for the song, with the lyrics:

There where the air is free
we'll be what we want to be
Now if we make a stand
we'll find our promised land[8]

Music video[edit]

The music video was directed by Howard Greenhalgh and relies heavily on computer-generated imagery, like all of his videos for the Very singles. It begins with a red Statue of Liberty, and then depicts a grey city where the communist domination is evident on the basis of Soviet imagery (such as red stars and red flags, Yuri Gagarin Monument and Monument to the Conquerors of Space). Troops of identical Soviet men march up a staircase stretching into the clouds, seemingly toward a Western society, with the Statue of Liberty, now appearing as a black diva looming in the distance (played by backing-vocalist Sylvia Mason-James). Tennant and Lowe appear throughout; Tennant carries a blue-and-yellow striped arrow staff, and Lowe travels on a flying surfboard. Occasional live action shots of Soviet iconography appear; in one Tennant and Lowe appear in their costumes, walking across Red Square.

The video was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video in 1995, losing to "Love Is Strong" by The Rolling Stones.[9] The "Go West" costumes were parodied in the video for their later 2006 single, "I'm with Stupid".[10]

Track listing[edit]

7": Parlophone / R 6356 (UK)

  • A. "Go West" – 5:03
  • B. "Shameless" – 5:04

12": Parlophone / 12R 6356 (UK)

  • A. "Go West" (Mings Gone West: First and Second Movement) – 10:12
  • B1. "Go West" (Farley and Heller Disco Mix) – 6:01
  • B2. "Go West" (Kevin Saunderson Tribe Mix) – 6:50

CD: Parlophone / CDR 6356 (UK)

  1. "Go West" – 5:03
  2. "Shameless" – 5:04
  3. "Go West" (Ming's Gone West: First and Second Movement) – 10:12

CD: EMI / E2-58084 (US)

  1. "Go West" – 5:03
  2. "Shameless" – 5:04
  3. "Go West" (Ming's Gone West: First and Second Movement) – 10:12
  4. "Go West" (Farley and Heller Disco Mix) – 6:01
  5. "Go West" (Farley and Heller Fire Island Mix) – 7:42
  6. "Go West" (Kevin Saunderson Tribe Mix) – 6:50
  7. "Go West" (Kevin Saunderson Trance Mix) – 6:53

Charts and certifications[edit]

Other versions[edit]

Many football clubs throughout the world (primarily in Germany and England) have created their own renditions of "Go West" to be sung by supporters on matchday. Borussia Dortmund began this tradition in 1993 with their version entitled "Olé, jetzt kommt der BVB" ("Olé, here comes the BVB"),[43] while fans of FC Schalke 04 originated the popular and influential "Steht auf, wenn ihr Schalker seid!" ("Stand Up, if you’re a Schalke Fan").[44] Also the fans of the Poland national football team and of the Poland national teams in other sports traditionally sing "Polska, biało-czerwoni" ("Poland, white and red") to the melody of the song.[45][46] Versions observed in English include "go home to your sexy wives" and others.[47]

German metal band JBO covered the song on their 1997 Album laut (loud), entitled Ein Fest (a party), mocking the song.

Remixed Eurodance versions of the song have appeared on the Dancemania series albums, including Dancemania SPEED 4 issued in 2000.[48]

Clubringer covered the song in 2003 with a trance CD single released in Poland. Four versions of the song were created.

The Swedish PSB cover band West End Girls released their version of the song in January 2006. In 2007, classical singer Rhydian performed the song on The X Factor, surrounded by men in sailor outfits.

Austrian baritone singer Patrizio Buanne used the notes and changed its lyrics in the song "Stand Up (Champions Theme)", which was included in some versions of his 2006 album Forever Begins Tonight.

German pop singer Mickie Krause covered the song on his 2008 album 10 Jahre – Gute Unterhaltung entitled "Orange trägt nur die Müllabfuhr". On the occasion of the UEFA Euro 2008, he published the chorus melody that directed against the Netherlands abusive song, alluding to the traditional orange jersey of the Dutch national football team .

British comedy band The Wurzels covered the song on their 2010 album A Load More Bullocks.[49]

Osem, the Israeli food giant, created a commercial for its ketchup based on the Pet Shop Boys video clip and song version a short time after the single was released.

Hermes House Band released a version in 2006.

Bulgarian comedy band Zamunda Banana Band's "Назад към природата", which translated means "Back to the Nature" is a parody of "Go West".

In popular culture[edit]

The Village People version of "Go West" features in the film The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert and in the musical of the same name as the three lead characters leave Sydney for Alice Springs (which lies just over 2,000 kilometres north-west of Sydney as the crow flies).

The Pet Shop Boys version of the song is played in the first and last scenes of award-winning Chinese director Jia Zhangke's film Mountains May Depart (2015). In many of Jia's films, the 'turn' China has made towards 'the West' is a central theme -- Mountains May Depart is no exception. Also, the song serves as a unifying element: it connects the first part of the film (set in 1999) to the final scene (set in 2025), creating a poignant effect which several critics have praised; David Rooney of the Hollywood Reporter called the ending "a beautiful concluding sequence that reaffirms the film's aching depth of feeling and extraordinary sense of place".[50]

The Pet Shop Boys version of the song has in later years also established itself as the home anthem for Italian football team SSC Napoli, played before every home game at the Stadio San Paolo in Naples.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ O'Donovan, Connell (June 1999). "Go West - This is Our Destiny". Connell O'Donovan's Home Page. Archived from the original on 20 March 2005. Retrieved 27 April 2007.
  2. ^ Pettersson, Edvard (8 May 2012). "Village People Motorcycle Cop Wins 'YMCA' Copyright Case". Bloomberg. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Ultratop.be – Village People – {{{song}}}" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
  4. ^ "The Irish Charts – All There Is To Know". Irish Recorded Music Association. Irishcharts.com. 22 January 1979. Archived from the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
  5. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Village People – {{{song}}}" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  6. ^ a b c "Interviews - Very Go West". Pet Shop Boys unofficial website. Archived from the original on 27 August 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2011.
  7. ^ Liner notes from 2001 CD reissue.
  8. ^ "Go West (lyrics)". Pet Shop Boys official website. Retrieved 3 April 2010.
  9. ^ "Past Winners Database: 1994 37th Grammy Awards". The Envelope: The Ultimate Awards Site. Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 17 October 2006. Retrieved 28 October 2006.
  10. ^ "The new video: exclusive tonight". Pet Shop Boys official website news. 14 April 2006. Retrieved 21 May 2006.
  11. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Pet Shop Boys – Go West". ARIA Top 50 Singles.
  12. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Pet Shop Boys – Go West" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
  13. ^ "Ultratop.be – Pet Shop Boys – Go West" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
  14. ^ "Top RPM Singles: Issue 2340." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  15. ^ "Top RPM Dance/Urban: Issue 2313." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  16. ^ "Top 10 Denmark" (PDF). Music & Media. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  17. ^ "Eurochart Hot 100" (PDF). Music & Media. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  18. ^ Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin - levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Tammi. ISBN 978-951-1-21053-5.
  19. ^ "Lescharts.com – Pet Shop Boys – Go West" (in French). Les classement single.
  20. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Pet Shop Boys – Go West". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  21. ^ "Íslenski Listinn Topp 40 (30.09.1993 - 06.10.1993)" (PDF) (in Icelandic). Dagblaðið Vísir - Tónlist. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  22. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Go West". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  23. ^ a b "I singoli più venduti del 1993". Hit Parade Italia (in Italian). Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  24. ^ ペット・ショップ・ボーイズぺっとしょっぷぼーいず (18 March 2009). "ペット・ショップ・ボーイズのプロフィール | ORICON STYLE". Oricon.co.jp. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  25. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 48, 1993" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  26. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Pet Shop Boys – Go West" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  27. ^ "Charts.nz – Pet Shop Boys – Go West". Top 40 Singles.
  28. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Pet Shop Boys – Go West". VG-lista.
  29. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
  30. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Pet Shop Boys – Go West". Singles Top 100.
  31. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Pet Shop Boys – Go West". Swiss Singles Chart.
  32. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  33. ^ "Pet Shop Boys Chart History (Bubbling Under Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  34. ^ "Pet Shop Boys Chart History (Dance Club Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  35. ^ Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988–2010. Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing.
  36. ^ "Jahreshitparade Singles 1993" (in German). Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  37. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 1993" (in Dutch). Ultratop. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  38. ^ "Top 100 Singles - Jahrescharts 1993" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  39. ^ "Jaaroverzichten - Single 1993" (in Dutch). MegaCharts. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  40. ^ "Top 100 Singles 1993". Music Week. 15 January 1994. p. 24.
  41. ^ "Austrian single certifications – Pet Shop Boys – Go West" (in German). IFPI Austria. Retrieved 1 May 2019. Enter Pet Shop Boys in the field Interpret. Enter Go West in the field Titel. Select single in the field Format. Click Suchen. 
  42. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Pet Shop Boys; 'Go West')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  43. ^ Price, Glenn (7 April 2016). "The story of YNWA and Borussia Dortmund". The Liverpool Football Club. Archived from the original on 10 April 2016. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  44. ^ Khawaja, Jemayel (13 December 2016). "The 300-Year Journey From Classical Standard To Gay Disco Anthem To The Most Iconic Anthem In Soccer". Deadspin. Univision Communications. Archived from the original on 12 January 2017. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  45. ^ http://mowimyjak.se.pl/newsy/mundial-euro/polska-biao-czerwoni-skad-wziea-sie-melodia-stadionowej-piosenki,118_43132.html
  46. ^ http://michalgramatyka.natemat.pl/17801,od-pachelbela-do-bialo-czerwonych
  47. ^ "'Go home to your sexy wives': Irish fans lead the way at Euro 2016". New Zealand Herald. 17 June 2016. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  48. ^ "Various - Dancemania Speed 4 (CD)". Discogs.com. 8 March 2000. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  49. ^ "Wurzel World - Shop". Thewurzels.com. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  50. ^ "Jia Zhang-ke's 'Mountains May Depart': Cannes Review". The Hollywood Reporter. 19 May 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2016.

References[edit]

External links[edit]