At the façade of the cave is a relief of various menacing creatures and demons carved into the rock at the cave entrance. The primary figure was once thought to be an elephant, hence the nickname Elephant Cave. The site is mentioned in the Javanese poem Desawarnana written in 1365. An extensive bathing place on the site was not excavated until the 1950s. These appear to have been built to ward off evil spirits.
World Heritage Status
- Davison, J. et al. (2003)
- Pringle, R. (2004) p 61
- Elephant Cave - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
- Central Bali travel guide from Wikivoyage
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Goa Gajah.|
- Elephant Cave - UNESCO World Heritage Centre Accessed 2009-03-06.
- Pringle, Robert (2004). Bali: Indonesia's Hindu Realm; A short history of. Short History of Asia Series. Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86508-863-3.
- Davison, J.; Nengah Enu; Bruce Granquist; Luca Invernizzi Tettoni (2003). Introduction to Balinese Architecture. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 0-7946-0071-9.