Goa University

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Goa University
गोंय विद्यापीठ
The logo of Goa University with the aspect ratio of 1.1.5.png
Logo of Goa University
Motto "Knowledge is Divine"
Type Public
Established 1985
Chancellor Dr. Mridula Sinha[1]
Vice-Chancellor Dr.[2] Varun Sahni[3]
Registrar Professor Y.V. Reddy[4]
Location Taleigão, Goa, India
Campus Urban
Nickname GU
Affiliations UGC, NAAC, AIU
Website www.unigoa.ac.in

Goa University was established under the Goa University Act of 1984 (Act No. 7 of 1984) and commenced operations on 1 June 1985.[5] The university provides higher education in the Indian state of Goa.

After the annexation of Goa by India on 19 December 1961, the University of Mumbai established a Centre of Post-Graduate Instruction and Research (CPIR) in Panaji.[6] The CPIR offered affiliation to the first colleges that were instituted in Goa in June 1962.[6] Since 1985, the Goa University took over the role of the CPIR.[6] The University offers graduate and post-graduate studies and research programmes. It is currently (2014-19) accredited by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council in India with a rating of A Grade.[6]

It is located on the Taleigão plateau and is one of India's few universities offering western languages such as Portuguese[7] and French languages.[8] The University's Department of Portuguese and Lusophone Studies is the only such in the entire Indian subcontinent.[7]

Educational institutions in colonial Goa[edit]

Although the Portuguese colonial powers set up several seminaries and a number of parish schools after their arrival in Goa in the 16th century, these offered mainly religious and elementary education, respectively. Medical education started in the early 18th century, in the Royal Hospital in the old City of Goa, and the first regular medical course was offered in 1801 at the Royal and Military Hospital. In the 1950s attempts were made by the government to ensure compulsory enrolment in primary schools (Varde 83). Private schools also thrived, including in Marathi and English mediums. Some of these taught up to high school and prepared the students to appear for Secondary School Certificate Examination (Matric/SSCE) of the Maharashtra State Board of Secondary Education, Pune.

Dr. P.S. Varde (History of Education in Goa from 1510 to 1975, Directorate of Art and Culture, Government of Goa, Panaji, Goa, 1977) quotes the following figures for enrolment in primary schools in Goa, Daman and Diu, in the year 1961-62:

  • In the 151 Government Portuguese primary schools – number of children: 17, 028
  • In the 104 private Portuguese primary schools - 9, 298
  • In the 4 Government Marathi-Portuguese schools: 125
  • In the 167 registered (private) Marathi schools: 13, 309
  • In the primary sections of the Marathi secondary (private) schools 2, 911
  • In the 10 Urdu-Portuguese (Government) schools: 717
  • In the 8 Urdu private schools: 482
  • In the 11 Government Gujarati Portuguese schools: 1,101
  • In the 4 non-Government Gujarati schools: 284
  • In the primary sections of secondary Gujarati schools: 1,039
  • In the 17 English medium private primary schools: 900
  • In the primary sections of the three English Secondary Schools: 6, 413.
  • There were also around 100 Marathi schools not registered in the Education Department.

The enrolment in secondary schools:

  • Lyceum: 921
  • In the 13 Private Lyceum institutions: 1,700
  • In the 53 private English schools 4, 997
  • In the 19 Marathi schools: 1, 287
  • In the 6 Gujarati schools: 283

Including the enrolment in the 4 Government Technical Schools (secondary level: 993), the grand total for all languages : 10, 181. “...the total number of children in primary schools would amount to 59, 607. This would mean that approximately 50% children out of the total population in the age group 7-13 were attending primary schools. The percentage enrolment in secondary schools for the age group 11-17 was approximately 14.6%.” (Varde 94-96). The duration of school education was of around 12 years, including pre-University education.

Teachers’ Training: After a number of ineffectual attempts were made to start training institutes for teachers, in 1844 a teachers’ training school, Escola Normal, was established, in line with new directions from Portugal for the promotion of education in the colonies. (Cabral 95). The school was initially attached to the Lyceum, and underwent constant reforms as educational policies in Europe underwent change. Whereas earlier women students could only appear as private candidates, from 1894, in Portugal, it was made co-educational (Cabral 134). “When the Governor-General Joãoo Carlos Craveiro Lopes came out with his set of reforms [in Goa] through his “Portaria” (ordinance) issued on the 31st of May 1935, he stated clearly that the Escola Normal de Luis de Camões was meant for the training of Teachers of both sexes and would be under the Governor-General of the colony, who would administer it through the Directorate of Civil Administration.” (Cabral 114).

Institutes of Higher Education in Colonial Goa: The first institutes of Higher Education were set up by the Portuguese administration in the nineteenth century, the main being the Academia Militar (Military Academy) (1817), later expanded into the Escola Matemática e Militar (Mathematics and Military School) and the Escola Médico-Cirúrgica de Goa (School of Medicine and Surgery) (1842). A course in pharmacology (Curso de Farmácia) was also created in 1842. In 1854, the Liceu Nacional Afonso de Albuquerque (Lyceum) was founded, offering higher education in the Humanities and the Sciences. The School of Medicine (a five-year medical course) and the Course in Pharmacy (a three-year course) were the first of their kind in Asia. None of these institutions were considered University – degree granting institutions. “The courses offered by the Lyceum were broad-based with a view to providing good cultural and scientific foundations for the students aiming at higher studies as well as those who were on the threshold of public life.” (Varde 61) Persons wishing to pursue university education of four or five years duration had to travel to British India or to Europe.

University Education in post-liberation Goa[edit]

Within less than six months after the annexation of Goa, two colleges were started as a result of private initiatives and the government's backing:

  • Dhempe College of Arts and Science, Panjim (1962);[9]
  • Parvatibai Chowgule College of Arts and Science, Margao (1962).[10]

In the very first year, the number of students who registered in these two colleges added up to 879.

Other colleges were soon established:

As these institutions and more came into existence, the question of affiliation surfaced, and led to some debate since Goa was a Union Territory, and it was suggested they be affiliated to the Delhi University. However the colleges opted to be affiliated to the University of Mumbai and at the request of the Government of Goa, the Centre of Post-Graduate Instruction and Research was started in Goa by the University of Mumbai with the support of the Goa administration.

The Jha Committee proposed the establishment of a University in Goa, and recommended its gradual development from the Centre of Post-Graduate Instruction and Research (CPIR) into a full-fledged university over a period of five to ten years. The Committee made a number of additional recommendations in this regard, including the following:

  1. The CPIR was to be developed as a nucleus for the proposed university.
  2. The CPIR was to be placed under the administration of a Board set up by the Government of Goa with the cooperation of the University of Bombay.
  3. The administrative work of the CPIR was to be carried out by an Executive Committee of the Board, headed by the Director of the CPIR.
  4. The CPIR should be shifted to a proper site for the University.
  5. The Board of the CPIR would have all powers of an educational institution, including financial ones for the conduct of its activities and the academic powers would be vested in the University of Bombay.
  6. The Director would be have the responsibility to develop the CPIR on sound lines so as to develop it into a future university, and would be the fore-runner of the future Vice-Chancellor.
  7. Other recommendations/suggestions were made with reference to Goa’s historical, geographic and cultural position.

The Goa University Act of 1984 brought Goa University into existence and it commenced operations on 1 June 1985. It moved to its present 175 hectare campus on the Taleigao Plateau.

Centre for education in Goa[edit]

Goa University is the centre for higher education in Goa, India's smallest state.

Campus[edit]

Goa University signboard for various faculties

Goa University was designed by painter, sculptor, muralist, graphic designer and architect Satish Gujral.[15] The University is built on the Taleigão plateau and located kilometres away from the state capital Panaji.[16]

Statutory bodies[edit]

Statutory bodies of the university are as follows:

  • University Court[17]
  • Executive Council[18]
International scholars at the Goa University, seminar, 2011 --from left: Gomes, Trichur, Suzuki, Newman.
  • Planning Board[19]
  • Academic Council[20]
  • Finance Committee[21]

Mandate[edit]

Role of the University in higher education in Goa[edit]

Goa University, Goa’s only university, is a university of affiliated colleges. 53 affiliated colleges: 29 in general education 24 professional education Enrollment ~27,000, mostly for undergraduate studies

Main Campus primarily for post-graduate studies Enrolment ~ 1,500

Library[edit]

  • Collection of 1,40,000 books.
  • Designated as an U.N. repository, it has been receiving documents and United Nations publications since 1996.
  • Subscribes to ~350 journals.
  • The Library is the repository of several rare and special-interest holdings, particularly in the area of Indo-Portuguese History. Enriched by private donations from over 52 scholars, for example Dr. P.S.S. Pissurlekar and Dr. Nuno Gonsalves collections.

Other initiatives[edit]

Goa University’s Academic Staff College (ACS)[edit]

The ACS, supported by the Indian University Grants Commission conducts refresher and orientation courses for college and university teachers. As many as 46 professional and non-professional and non-professional colleges and institutions—for undergraduate teaching—are affiliated to the university. Besides, eight research institutions are recognised by the Goa University for research.

Distance Education, Information & Training Infrastructure (DEITI)[edit]

The DEITI Studio, which is linked to the Indian dedicated education satellite ‘Edusat’, produces a number of educational programmes.

Visiting Research Professors Programme[edit]

The Directorate of Art & Culture, Government of Goa, has funded and established six Visiting Research Professorship Chairs at the university. The first chair was set up in 2007 in memory of D. D. Kosambi during his birth centenary but it remained unoccupied until 2013.[24] Subsequently, chairs were set up in honour of Balakrishna Bhagwant Borkar and Dayanand Bandodkar in 2010 and 2011 respectively, to commemorate their birth centenaries. In 2012, three more chairs were instituted in honour of Mario Miranda, Anthony Gonsalves and Nana Shirgaonkar.[25] In 2014, the Sant Sohirobanath Ambiye in Marathi language and literature was established as a part of tercentenary birth anniversary celebrations of the Goan poet and saint.[26][27] The Joaquim Heliodoro da Cunha Rivara Chair in Portuguese Studies and Indo-Portuguese Comparative Studies was established in 2016.[28]


The complete list of Chairs at the University is as under:

  1. The D.D. Kosambi Visiting Research Professorship in Interdisciplinary Studies
  2. The Dayanand Bandodkar Visiting Research Professorship in Political Economy
  3. The Bakibab Borkar Visiting Research Professorship in Comparative Literature
  4. The Mario Miranda Visiting Research Professorship in Fine Art, Painting, Illustrative Cartooning, etc.
  5. The Anthony Gonsalves Visiting Research Professorship in Western Music
  6. The Nana Shirgaonkar Visiting Research Professorship in Traditional Music
  7. Sant Sohirobinath Ambiye Chair in Marathi language and literature[29][30]
  8. Joaquim Heliodoro da Cunha Rivara Chair in Portuguese Studies and Indo-Portuguese Comparative Studies[31]

Those who have been appointed to these Chairs include Romila Thapar, Madhav Gadgil, Sudhir Kakar, Amit Bhaduri, Lord Meghnad Desai, Baron Desai, Shubha Mudgal,[25] Githa Hariharan,[32] Vidya Dehejia,[33] etc.

Study India Programme[edit]

As per the Memorandum of Understanding signed by Goa University with Nihon University, Japan, a batch of students under the Study India Programme visits the University for about 6 months every year to study Indian culture, Indian politics and Indian society.

Konkani Encyclopedia[edit]

Konkani Vishvakosh is soon to be a part of Konkani Wikipedia.

Goa University Choir[edit]

The Univerist has its own choir[34] which is among the few University choirs in India.

Salient features[edit]

Recognised institutions[edit]

Recognised institutions functioning with Goa University recognition are:[40]

Sports[edit]

Dr Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Indoor Stadium is an indoor stadium located on the campus of Goa University.[41] The stadium was constructed for the 2014 Lusophony Games for events of volleyball and basketball. The stadium is named after Dr Shyama Prasad Mukherjee former Indian politician and the founder of Bhartiya Jana Sangh. The stadium has a seating capacity of 4000 and was inaugurated by Governor of Goa Bharat Vir Wanchoo in 2014.[42] It cost 82 crore and was built in 11 months which is a record for the construction of an indoor stadium of international standard. With a 131-metre sheet, the stadium is Asia's first stadium which has the longest single-sheet roof.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Goa University, Goa's premier University, Post Graduation, PH.D, B.SC, M.SC, Research Facilities Study India programme.". unigoa.ac.in. 
  2. ^ http://www.jammuuniversity.in/mscgis/Biodata_vc.pdf
  3. ^ "Vice-Chancellor". University of Goa. 2016. 
  4. ^ "Goa University, Goa's premier University, Post Graduation, PH.D, B.SC, M.SC, Research Facilities Study India programme.". unigoa.ac.in. 
  5. ^ "Goa University, Goa's premier University, Post Graduation, PH.D, B.SC, M.SC, Research Facilities Study India programme.". unigoa.ac.in. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Goa University, Goa's premier University, Post Graduation, PH.D, B.SC, M.SC, Research Facilities Study India programme.". unigoa.ac.in. 
  7. ^ a b https://www.unigoa.ac.in/department.php?adepid=9
  8. ^ "Goa University, Goa's premier University, Post Graduation, PH.D, B.SC, M.SC, Research Facilities Study India programme.". unigoa.ac.in. 
  9. ^ "About Us – DCT's Dhempe College of Arts and Science, Miramar, Goa". dhempecollege.edu.in. 
  10. ^ "History". chowgules.ac.in. 
  11. ^ "St. Xavier's College Mapusa commemorates its golden jubilee - Times of India". indiatimes.com. 
  12. ^ "Carmel college celebrates 50 years - Times of India". indiatimes.com. 
  13. ^ "S S Dempo College commences its Golden Jubilee Lectures Series with Sitaram Yechury". navhindtimes.in. 
  14. ^ "Incubation centre at GEC in its Golden Jubilee year - Times of India". indiatimes.com. 
  15. ^ Chaturvedi, Pooja (30 January 2014). "Satish Gujral - The man with many faces". livemint.com. 
  16. ^ https://www.unigoa.ac.in/uploads/news/newsuploads/DST%20SERC%20School/Reaching%20Goa%20University.pdf
  17. ^ https://www.unigoa.ac.in/contentarticledisp.php?id=15
  18. ^ https://www.unigoa.ac.in/contentarticledisp.php?id=16
  19. ^ https://www.unigoa.ac.in/contentarticledisp.php?id=17
  20. ^ https://www.unigoa.ac.in/contentarticledisp.php?id=18
  21. ^ https://www.unigoa.ac.in/contentarticledisp.php?id=19
  22. ^ "Goa University Library". unigoa.ac.in. 
  23. ^ "Goa University Library". unigoa.ac.in. 
  24. ^ "The professors are here". thegoan.net. 
  25. ^ a b https://www.unigoa.ac.in/uploads/course/VisitingResearchProfessorsProgramme/visiting%20professors.pdf
  26. ^ "Slew of proposals to 'boost Konkani and Marathi' - Times of India". indiatimes.com. 
  27. ^ "Sant Sohirobanath and secular death". heraldgoa.in. 
  28. ^ 27, Goan Observer TeamNovember; 2016 (27 November 2016). "UNEASY LIES RIVARA'S CHAIR". goanobserver.in. 
  29. ^ https://www.unigoa.ac.in/uploads/orderandcirculars/25_doc_acer002_20101102_051909.pdf
  30. ^ "Jnanpith awardee Nemade to be GU chair professor - Times of India". timesofindia.com. 
  31. ^ "GU Portuguese chair to spell good for Konkani - The Navhind Times". navhindtimes.in. 
  32. ^ "Culture is also about ideas, debates and multiple interpretations ….says writer Githa Hariharan". navhindtimes.in. 
  33. ^ "It's all about 'Love'". navhindtimes.in. 
  34. ^ "First-ever Goa University choir set for debut concert - Times of India". indiatimes.com. 
  35. ^ https://www.unigoa.ac.in/department.php?adepid=25
  36. ^ https://www.unigoa.ac.in/facility.php?facid=3
  37. ^ https://www.unigoa.ac.in/downloads/GoaUniversityFungusCultureCollection.pdf
  38. ^ https://www.unigoa.ac.in/department.php?adepid=18
  39. ^ http://www.getpincodes.com/postoffice/goa-university-so-north-goa-403206
  40. ^ "Goa University, Goa's premier University, Post Graduation, PH.D, B.SC, M.SC, Research Facilities Study India programme.". unigoa.ac.in. 
  41. ^ lusofoniagames Archived January 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  42. ^ goacom Archived September 15, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.

Further reading[edit]

  • Varde, Dr. P.S., History of Education in Goa, Directorate of Art & Culture, Government of Goa, Panaji, 1977.
  • Cabral, Ricardo. The Development of Teacher Education in Portuguese Goa (1841-1961) Concept Publishing Company, New Delhi, 2009.

External links[edit]