The languages spoken in the Goalpara region fall into two different groups—the Indo-Aryan and Tibeto-Burman (Garo, Bodo, Rabha). Many of the Tibeto-Burman speakers are bilingual, with the Indo-Aryan language as the second language. Many Tibeto-Burman speakers have given up their ethnic language and adopted the Indo-Aryan language.
Many of the ethnic groups speak their own languages. The Bodos (historicalled called Mech in the north bank of the Brahmaputra Valley and Kachari in the south), speak the Bodo language. The Bodo community has been assertive of their ethnic identity, and has successfully carved out their domain in the districts of Kokrajhar and Chirang districts, part of the Bodoland Territorial Council.
- Dutta, Birendranath (1995). "The people". A Study of the Folk Culture of the Goalpara Region of Assam. Guwahati,Assam: University Publication Department, Gauhati University. pp. 10–14.